troff, nroff - text formatting and typesetting
troff [ option ] ... [ file ] ...
nroff [ option ] ... [ file ] ...
Troff formats text in the named files for printing on a Graphic Systems C/A/T phototype-
setter; nroff for typewriter-like devices. Their capabilities are described in the
Nroff/Troff user's manual.
If no file argument is present, the standard input is read. An argument consisting of a
single minus (-) is taken to be a file name corresponding to the standard input. The
options, which may appear in any order so long as they appear before the files, are:
-olist Print only pages whose page numbers appear in the comma-separated list of numbers
and ranges. A range N-M means pages N through M; an initial -N means from the
beginning to page N; and a final N- means from N to the end.
-nN Number first generated page N.
-sN Stop every N pages. Nroff will halt prior to every N pages (default N=1) to allow
paper loading or changing, and will resume upon receipt of a newline. Troff will
stop the phototypesetter every N pages, produce a trailer to allow changing cas-
settes, and resume when the typesetter's start button is pressed.
-mname Prepend the macro file /usr/lib/tmac/tmac.name to the input files.
-raN Set register a (one-character) to N.
-i Read standard input after the input files are exhausted.
-q Invoke the simultaneous input-output mode of the rd request.
-Tname Prepare output for specified terminal. Known names are 37 for the (default) Tele-
type Corporation Model 37 terminal, tn300 for the GE TermiNet 300 (or any terminal
without half-line capability), 300S for the DASI-300S, 300 for the DASI-300, and
450 for the DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm).
-e Produce equally-spaced words in adjusted lines, using full terminal resolution.
-h Use output tabs during horizontal spacing to speed output and reduce output charac-
ter count. Tab settings are assumed to be every 8 nominal character widths.
-t Direct output to the standard output instead of the phototypesetter.
-f Refrain from feeding out paper and stopping phototypesetter at the end of the run.
-w Wait until phototypesetter is available, if currently busy.
-b Report whether the phototypesetter is busy or available. No text processing is
-a Send a printable ASCII approximation of the results to the standard output.
-pN Print all characters in point size N while retaining all prescribed spacings and
motions, to reduce phototypesetter elasped time.
-g Prepare output for a GCOS phototypesetter and direct it to the standard output (see
If the file /usr/adm/tracct is writable, troff keeps phototypesetter accounting records
there. The integrity of that file may be secured by making troff a `set user-id' program.
/usr/lib/suftab suffix hyphenation tables
/tmp/ta* temporary file
/usr/lib/tmac/tmac.* standard macro files
/usr/lib/term/* terminal driving tables for nroff
/usr/lib/font/* font width tables for troff
/usr/adm/tracct accounting statistics for /dev/cat
J. F. Ossanna, Nroff/Troff user's manual
B. W. Kernighan, A TROFF Tutorial
col(1), tk(1) (nroff only)
tc(1), gcat(1) (troff only)