Home Man
Search
Today's Posts
Register

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for ms (opensolaris section 5)

ms(5)					 Standards, Environments, and Macros					ms(5)

NAME
ms - text formatting macros
SYNOPSIS
nroff -ms [options] filename... troff -ms [options] filename...
DESCRIPTION
This package of nroff(1) and troff(1) macro definitions provides a formatting facility for various styles of articles, theses, and books. When producing 2-column output on a terminal or lineprinter, or when reverse line motions are needed, filter the output through col(1). All external -ms macros are defined below. Note: this -ms macro package is an extended version written at Berkeley and is a superset of the standard -ms macro packages as supplied by Bell Labs. Some of the Bell Labs macros have been removed; for instance, it is assumed that the user has little interest in producing headers stating that the memo was generated at Whip- pany Labs. Many nroff and troff requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package. However, the first four requests below may be used with impunity after initialization, and the last two may be used even before initialization: .bp begin new page .br break output line .sp n insert n spacing lines .ce n center next n lines .ls n line spacing: n=1 single, n=2 double space .na no alignment of right margin Font and point size changes with \f and \s are also allowed; for example, \fIword\fR will italicize word. Out- put of the tbl(1), eqn(1) and refer(1) preprocessors for equations, tables, and references is acceptable as input.
REQUESTS
| | | Macro Name | Initial Value | Break? Reset? | Explanation -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .AB x | - | y | begin abstract; if x=no do not label | | | abstract -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .AE | - | y | end abstract -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .AI | - | y | author's institution -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .AM | - | n | better accent mark definitions -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .AU | - | y | author's name -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .B x | - | n | embolden x; if no x, switch to boldface -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .B1 | - | y | begin text to be enclosed in a box -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .B2 | - | y | end boxed text and print it -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .BT | date | n | bottom title, printed at foot of page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .BX x | - | n | print word x in a box -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .CM | if t | n | cut mark between pages -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .CT | - | y,y | chapter title: page number moved to CF | | | (TM only) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .DA x | if n | n | force date x at bottom of page; today if | | | no x -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .DE | - | y | end display (unfilled text) of any kind -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .DS x y | I | y | begin display with keep; x=I,L,C,B; | | | y=indent -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .ID y | 8n,.5i | y | indented display with no keep; y=indent -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .LD | - | y | left display with no keep -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .CD | - | y | centered display with no keep -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .BD | - | y | block display; center entire block -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .EF x | - | n | even page footer x (3 part as for .tl) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .EH x | - | n | even page header x (3 part as for .tl) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .EN | - | y | end displayed equation produced by eqn -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .EQ x y | - | y | break out equation; x=L,I,C; y=equation | | | number -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .FE | - | n | end footnote to be placed at bottom of | | | page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .FP | - | n | numbered footnote paragraph; may be | | | redefined -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .FS x | - | n | start footnote; x is optional footnote | | | label -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .HD | undef | n | optional page header below header margin -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .I x | - | n | italicize x; if no x, switch to italics -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .IP x y | - | y,y | indented paragraph, with hanging tag x; | | | y=indent -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .IX x y | - | y | index words x y and so on (up to 5 lev- | | | els) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .KE | - | n | end keep of any kind -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .KF | - | n | begin floating keep; text fills remain- | | | der of page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .KS | - | y | begin keep; unit kept together on a sin- | | | gle page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .LG | - | n | larger; increase point size by 2 -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .LP | - | y,y | left (block) paragraph. -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .MC x | - | y,y | multiple columns; x=column width -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .ND x | if t | n | no date in page footer; x is date on | | | cover -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .NH x y | - | y,y | numbered header; x=level, x=0 resets, | | | x=S sets to y -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .NL | 10p | n | set point size back to normal -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .OF x | - | n | odd page footer x (3 part as for .tl) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .OH x | - | n | odd page header x (3 part as for .tl) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .P1 | if TM | n | print header on first page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .PP | - | y,y | paragraph with first line indented -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .PT | - % - | n | page title, printed at head of page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .PX x | - | y | print index (table of contents); x=no | | | suppresses title -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .QP | - | y,y | quote paragraph (indented and shorter) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .R | on | n | return to Roman font -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .RE | 5n | y,y | retreat: end level of relative indenta- | | | tion -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .RP x | - | n | released paper format; x=no stops title | | | on first page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .RS | 5n | y,y | right shift: start level of relative | | | indentation -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .SH | - | y,y | section header, in boldface -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .SM | - | n | smaller; decrease point size by 2 -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TA | 8n,5n | n | set TAB characters to 8n 16n ... (nroff) | | | or 5n 10n ... (troff) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TC x | - | y | print table of contents at end; x=no | | | suppresses title -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TE | - | y | end of table processed by tbl -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TH | - | y | end multi-page header of table -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TL | - | y | title in boldface and two points larger -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TM | off | n | UC Berkeley thesis mode -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .TS x | - | y,y | begin table; if x=H table has multi-page | | | header -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .UL x | - | n | underline x, even in troff -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .UX x | - | n | UNIX; trademark message first time; x | | | appended -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .XA x y | - | y | another index entry; x=page or no for | | | none; y=indent -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .XE | - | y | end index entry (or series of .IX | | | entries) -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .XP | - | y,y | paragraph with first line indented, oth- | | | ers indented -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .XS x y | - | y | begin index entry; x=page or no for | | | none; y=indent -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .1C | on | y,y | one column format, on a new page -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .2C | - | y,y | begin two column format -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .]- | - | n | beginning of refer reference -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .[0 | - | n | end of unclassifiable type of reference -----------+---------------+---------------+------------------------------------------ .[N | - | n | N= 1:journal-article, 2:book, 3:book- | | | article, 4:report
REGISTERS
Formatting distances can be controlled in -ms by means of built-in number registers. For example, this sets the line length to 6.5 inches: .nr LL 6.5i Here is a table of number registers and their default values: | | | Name | Register Controls | Takes Effect | Default ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- PS | point size | paragraph | 10 ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- VS | vertical spacing | paragraph | 12 ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- LL | line length | paragraph | 6i ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- LT | title length | next page | same as LL ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- FL | footnote length | next .FS | 5.5i ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- PD | paragraph distance | paragraph | 1v (if n), .3v (if t) ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- DD | display distance | displays | 1v (if n), .5v (if t) ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- PI | paragraph indent | paragraph | 5n ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- QI | quote indent | next .QP | 5n ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- FI | footnote indent | next .FS | 2n ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- PO | page offset | next page | 0 (if n), ~1i (if t) ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- HM | header margin | next page | 1i ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- FM | footer margin | next page | 1i ---------+--------------------+------------------+----------------------- FF | footnote format | next .FS | 0 (1, 2, 3 available) When resetting these values, make sure to specify the appropriate units. Setting the line length to 7, for example, will result in output with one character per line. Setting FF to 1 suppresses footnote superscript- ing; setting it to 2 also suppresses indentation of the first line; and setting it to 3 produces an .IP-like footnote paragraph. Here is a list of string registers available in -ms; they may be used anywhere in the text: | Name | String's Function ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*Q | quote (" in nroff, " in troff ) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*U | unquote (" in nroff, " in troff ) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*- | dash (-- in nroff, -- in troff ) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*(MO | month (month of the year) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*(DY | day (current date) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \** | automatically numbered footnote ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*' | acute accent (before letter) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*` | grave accent (before letter) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*^ | circumflex (before letter) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*, | cedilla (before letter) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*: | umlaut (before letter) ---------------+------------------------------------------- \*~ | tilde (before letter) When using the extended accent mark definitions available with .AM, these strings should come after, rather than before, the letter to be accented.
FILES
/usr/share/lib/tmac/s /usr/share/lib/tmac/ms.???
SEE ALSO
col(1), eqn(1), nroff(1), refer(1), tbl(1), troff(1)
BUGS
Floating keeps and regular keeps are diverted to the same space, so they cannot be mixed together with pre- dictable results. SunOS 5.11 25 Feb 1992 ms(5)


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 06:02 AM.

Unix & Linux Forums Content Copyrightę1993-2018. All Rights Reserved.
UNIX.COM Login
Username:
Password:  
Show Password