YPSERV(8) Reference Manual YPSERV(8)
ypserv - NIS server
/usr/sbin/ypserv [ -b ] [ -d [ path ] ] [ -p port ]
The Network Information Service (NIS) provides a simple network lookup service consisting of databases and processes. The databases are
gdbm files in a directory tree rooted at /var/yp.
The ypserv daemon is typically activated at system startup. ypserv runs only on NIS server machines with a complete NIS database. On other
machines using the NIS services, you have to run ypbind as client or under Linux you could use the libc with NYS support. ypbind must run
on every machine which has NIS client processes; ypserv may or may not be running on the same node, but must be running somewhere on the
network. On startup or when receiving the signal SIGHUP, ypserv parses the file /etc/ypserv.conf.
-d --debug [path]
Causes the server to run in debugging mode. Normally, ypserv reports only errors (access violations, dbm failures) using the sys-
log(3) facility. In debug mode, the server does not background itself and prints extra status messages to stderr for each request
that it revceives. path is an optionally parameter. ypserv is using this directory instead of /var/yp
If we don't find the host in the hosts maps, we query the DNS (Domain Name Service) service for more host information. This is done
in an extra subprocess. ypserv ignores the YP_INTERDOMAIN keys for dns lookup.
-p --port port
ypserv will bind itself to this port. This makes it possible to have a router filter packets to the NIS ports, so that access to
the NIS server from hosts on the Internet can be restricted.
Prints the version number
In general, any remote user can issue an RPC to ypserv and retrieve the contents of your NIS maps, if he knows your domain name. To prevent
such unauthorized transactions, ypserv supports a feature called securenets which can be used to restrict access to a given set of hosts.
At startup or when arriving the SIGHUP Signal, ypserv will attempt to load the securenets information from a file called /var/yp/securenets
. This file contains entries that consist of a netmask and a network pair separated by white spaces. Lines starting with ``#'' are con-
sidered to be comments.
A sample securenets file might look like this:
# allow connections from local host -- necessary
# same as 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1
# allow connections from any host
# on the 22.214.171.124 network
# allow connections from any host
# between 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52
If ypserv receives a request from an address that fails to match a rule, the request will be ignored and a warning message will be logged.
If the /var/yp/securenets file does not exist, ypserv will allow connections from any host.
In the /etc/ypserv.conf you could specify some access rules for special maps and hosts. But it is not very secure, it makes the life only a
little bit harder for a potential hacker. If a mapname doesn't match a rule, ypserv will look for the YP_SECURE key in the map. If it
exists, ypserv will only allow requests on a reserved port.
For security reasons, ypserv will only accept ypproc_xfr requests for updating maps from the same master server as the old one. This means,
you have to reinstall the slave servers if you change the master server for a map.
domainname(1), ypcat(1), ypmatch(1), ypserv.conf(5), netgroup(5), makedbm(8), revnetgroup(8), ypinit(8), yppoll(8), yppush(8), ypset(8),
ypwhich(8), ypxfr(8), rpc.ypxfrd(8)
The Network Information Service (NIS) was formerly known as Sun Yellow Pages (YP). The functionality of the two remains the same; only the
name has changed. The name Yellow Pages is a registered trademark in the United Kingdom of British Telecommunications plc, and may not be
used without permission.
ypserv was written by Peter Eriksson <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Thorsten Kukuk <email@example.com> added support for master/slave server and is the
YP Server August 2001 YPSERV(8)