sane-hp(5) SANE Scanner Access Now Easy sane-hp(5)
sane-hp - SANE backend for HP ScanJet scanners
The sane-hp library implements a SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) backend that provides
access to HP ScanJet scanners which support SCL (Scanner Control Language by HP). The
following scanners are known positively to work with this backend:
Model: Product id: Interface:
---------- ----------- ----------
ScanJet Plus C9195A HP Parallel Interface Card
ScanJet IIc C1750A 3226 SCSI
ScanJet IIcx C2500A 3332 SCSI
ScanJet IIp C1790A SCSI
ScanJet 3C C2520A 3503 SCSI
ScanJet 3P C2570A 3406 SCSI
ScanJet 4C C2520A SCSI
ScanJet 4P C1130A 3540 SCSI
ScanJet 4100C C6290A USB
ScanJet 5P C5110A SCSI
ScanJet 5100C C5190A parallel port
ScanJet 5200C C7190A 3846 parallel port/USB
ScanJet 6100C C2520A 3644 SCSI
ScanJet 6200C C6270A 3828 SCSI/USB
ScanJet 6250C C6270A 3828 SCSI/USB
ScanJet 6300C C7670A SCSI/USB
ScanJet 6350C C7670A SCSI/USB
ScanJet 6390C C7670A SCSI/USB
PhotoSmart C5100A R029,R030,R032 SCSI
Support for models 5100C/5200C connected to the parallel port requires the ppSCSI driver
available at http://www.torque.net/parport/ppscsi.html (under development)
Support for models 5200C/62X0C/63X0C connected to the USB require the kernel scanner
driver or libusb. See sane-usb(5) for more details.
The "hp" backend no longer supports OfficeJet multi-function peripherals. For these
devices use the external "hpoj" backend in version 0.90 and later of the "HP OfficeJet
Linux driver", available at
Because Hewlett-Packard does no longer produce scanners that support SCL (beside the
OfficeJets), the above list of supported scanners is complete. Other HP scanners are not
supported by the "hp" backend, but might be supported by another one. See
http://www.mostang.com/sane. You can also watch the sane-devel mailinglist at
More details about the hp backend can be found on its homepage http://www.kirchgess-
This backend expects device names of the form:
Where special is the UNIX path-name for the special device that corresponds to the scan-
ner. For SCSI scanners the special device name must be a generic SCSI device or a symlink
to such a device. Under Linux, such a device name could be /dev/sga or /dev/sg2, for
example. If the special device name contains "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", it is assumed
that the scanner is connected by USB. For the HP ScanJet Plus the special device name
must be the device that corresponds to the parallel interface card that was shipped with
the scanner. That is /dev/hpscan. A special driver is required for this card. See
ftp://rvs.ctrl-c.liu.se/pub/wingel/hpscan for details. If the link does not work, try
The contents of the hp.conf file is a list of options and device names that correspond to
HP ScanJet scanners. Empty lines and lines starting with a hash mark (#) are ignored. See
sane-scsi(5) and sane-usb(5) on details of what constitutes a valid device name.
Options specified in front of the first line that contains a device name are defaults for
all devices. Options specified below a line that contains a device name apply just to the
most recently mentioned device.
Supported options are connect-scsi, connect-device, enable-image-buffering, and dumb-read.
Option connect-scsi specifies that the scanner is connected to the system by SCSI.
Input/output is performed using SCSI-commands. This is the default. But if your SCSI
device name contains "usb", "uscanner" or "ugen", option connect-scsi must be specified.
Otherwise it is assumed that the scanner is connected by USB.
Option connect-device specifies that the scanner is connected to the system by a special
device. Input/output is performed by read()/write()-operations on the device. This option
must be used for HP ScanJet Plus or scanners connected to USB which are accessed through a
named device (e.g. /dev/usb/scanner0). For device names that contain "usb", "uscanner" or
"ugen", it is not necessary to specify option connect-device.
Option enable-image-buffering stores the scanned image in memory before passing it to the
frontend. Could be used in case of forward/backward moving scanner lamp.
Option dumb-read can be used to work around problems with "Error during device I/O". These
problems may occur with certain SCSI-to-USB convertors or Buslogic SCSI cards. The option
should not be used for SCSI devices which are working correctly. Otherwise startup of
frontends and changing parameters might be slower.
A sample configuration file is shown below:
# this is a comment
/dev/scanner is typically a symlink to the actual SCSI scanner device.
The backend configuration file (see also description of SANE_CONFIG_DIR below).
The static library implementing this backend.
The shared library implementing this backend (present on systems that support
Calibration data for HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner that is retrieved from the scanner
after calibration. The data is uploaded to the scanner at start of the backend if
it is in media mode 'print media' or if the media mode is changed to 'print media'.
This environment variable specifies the list of directories that may contain the
configuration file. Under UNIX, the directories are separated by a colon (`:'),
under OS/2, they are separated by a semi-colon (`;'). If this variable is not set,
the configuration file is searched in two default directories: first, the current
working directory (".") and then in /etc/sane.d. If the value of the environment
variable ends with the directory separator character, then the default directories
are searched after the explicitly specified directories. For example, setting
SANE_CONFIG_DIR to "/tmp/config:" would result in directories "tmp/config", ".",
and "/etc/sane.d" being searched (in this order).
If the library was compiled with debug support enabled, this environment variable
controls the debug level for this backend. E.g., a value of 128 requests all debug
output to be printed. Smaller levels reduce verbosity.
HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner
In media mode 'slide' and 'negative', scan resolutions are rounded to multiple of
300 dpi. The scanner does not scale the data correctly on other resolutions. Some
newer models (firmware code R030 and later) do not support adjustment of con-
trast/intensity level and tone map. The backend will simulate this by software,
but only for gray and 24 bit color.
Automatic Document Feeder (ADF)
For use of the ADF with xscanimage(1), first place paper in the ADF and then change
option scan source to 'ADF'. Press 'change document' to load a sheet. Then press
'scan' to start a scan. Maybe it is sufficient to press 'scan' without 'change
document' for repeated scans. The use of the preview window is not recommended when
working with the ADF. Setting a window to scan from ADF is not supported with
xscanimage(1). Try xsane(1).
Some actions in xscanimage(1) (i.e. unload, select media, calibrate) have an imme-
diate effect on the scanner without starting a scan. These options can not be used
HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner
PhotoScanners with firmware release R030 and up have no firmware support for con-
trast/brightness/gamma table. In the current backend this is simulated by software
on 24 bits data. Simulation on 30 bits should give better results.
Data widths greater than 8 bits
Custom gamma table does not work.
Parallel scanner support
Beside the ScanJet Plus which came with its own parallel interface card, currently
only the HP ScanJet 5100C/5200C are supported. These scanners are using an inter-
nal parallel-to-SCSI converter which is supported by the ppSCSI-driver (see above).
sane(7), sane-scsi(5), sane-usb(5)
The sane-hp backend was written by Geoffrey T. Dairiki. HP PhotoSmart PhotoScanner support
by Peter Kirchgessner.
@PACKAGEVERSION@ 06 Dec 2002 sane-hp(5)