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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for d_passwd (opensolaris section 4)

d_passwd(4)				   File Formats 			      d_passwd(4)

NAME
       d_passwd - dial-up password file

SYNOPSIS
       /etc/d_passwd

DESCRIPTION
       A  dial-up  password  is  an additional password required of users who access the computer
       through a modem or dial-up port. The correct password must be entered before the  user  is
       granted access to the computer.

       d_passwd  is an ASCII file which contains a list of executable programs (typically shells)
       that require a dial-up password and  the  associated  encrypted	passwords.  When  a  user
       attempts  to  log  in on any of the ports listed in the dialups file (see dialups(4)), the
       login program looks at the user's login entry stored in the passwd file	(see  passwd(4)),
       and  compares  the  login  shell field to the entries in d_passwd. These entries determine
       whether the user will be required to supply a dial-up password.

       Each entry in d_passwd is a single line of the form:

	 login-shell:password:

       where

       login-shell    The name of the login program that will require an additional dial-up pass-
		      word.

       password       An encrypted password. Users accessing the computer through a  dial-up port
		      or modem using login-shell  will be required to enter this password  before
		      gaining access to the computer.

       d_passwd  should  be  owned by the root user and the root group. The file should have read
       and write permissions for the owner (root) only.

       If the user's login program in the passwd file is not found in d_passwd or  if  the  login
       shell  field  in  passwd  is empty, the user must supply the default password. The default
       password is the entry for /usr/bin/sh. If d_passwd has  no  entry  for  /usr/bin/sh,  then
       those  users  whose  login  shell  field in passwd is empty or does not match any entry in
       d_passwd will not be prompted for a dial-up password.

       Dial-up logins are disabled if d_passwd has only the following entry:

	 /usr/bin/sh:*:

EXAMPLES
       Example 1 Sample d_passwd file.

       Here is a sample d_passwd file:

	 /usr/lib/uucp/uucico:q.mJzTnu8icF0:
	 /usr/bin/csh:6k/7KCFRPNVXg:
	 /usr/bin/ksh:9df/FDf.4jkRt:
	 /usr/bin/sh:41FuGVzGcDJlw:

   Generating An Encrypted Password
       The passwd (see passwd(1)) utility can be used to generate the encrypted password for each
       login  program.	passwd generates encrypted passwords for users and places the password in
       the shadow (see shadow(4)) file. Passwords for the d_passwd file will need to be generated
       by  first  adding  a  temporary	user  id  using useradd (see useradd(1M)), and then using
       passwd(1) to generate the desired password in the shadow file. Once the encrypted  version
       of the password has been created, it can be copied to the d_passwd file.

       For example:

	   1.	  Type useradd tempuser and press Return. This creates a user named tempuser.

	   2.	  Type	passwd	tempuser and press Return. This creates an encrypted password for
		  tempuser and places it in the shadow file.

	   3.	  Find the entry for tempuser in the shadow file and copy the encrypted  password
		  to the desired entry in the d_passwd file.

	   4.	  Type userdel tempuser and press Return to delete tempuser.

       These steps must be executed as the root user.

FILES
       /etc/d_passwd	dial-up password file

       /etc/dialups	list of dial-up ports requiring dial-up passwords

       /etc/passwd	password file

       /etc/shadow	shadow password file

SEE ALSO
       passwd(1), useradd(1M), dialups(4), passwd(4), shadow(4)

WARNINGS
       When creating a new dial-up password, be sure to remain logged in on at least one terminal
       while testing the new password. This ensures that there	is  an	available  terminal  from
       which you can correct any mistakes that were made when the new password was added.

SunOS 5.11				    2 Sep 2004				      d_passwd(4)


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