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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for wpi (netbsd section 4)

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WPI(4)				   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			   WPI(4)

NAME
     wpi -- Intel PRO/Wireless 3945ABG IEEE 802.11a/b/g wireless network driver

SYNOPSIS
     wpi* at pci? dev ? function ?

DESCRIPTION
     The wpi driver provides support for Intel PRO/Wireless 3945ABG Mini PCI Express network
     adapters.

     These are the modes the wpi driver can operate in:

     BSS mode
	     Also known as infrastructure mode, this is used when associating with an access
	     point, through which all traffic passes.  This mode is the default.

     monitor mode
	     In this mode the driver is able to receive packets without associating with an
	     access point.  This disables the internal receive filter and enables the card to
	     capture packets from networks to which it wouldn't normally have access, or to scan
	     for access points.

     wpi supports software WEP.  Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) is the de facto encryption stan-
     dard for wireless networks.  It can be typically configured in one of three modes: no
     encryption; 40-bit encryption; or 104-bit encryption.  Unfortunately, due to serious weak-
     nesses in the WEP protocol it is strongly recommended that it not be used as the sole mecha-
     nism to secure wireless communication.  WEP is not enabled by default.

CONFIGURATION
     The wpi driver can be configured at runtime with ifconfig(8) using the following parameters:

     bssid bssid
	     Set the desired BSSID.

     -bssid  Unset the desired BSSID.  The interface will automatically select a BSSID in this
	     mode, which is the default.

     chan n  Set the channel (radio frequency) to be used by the driver based on the given chan-
	     nel ID n.

     -chan   Unset the desired channel to be used by the driver.  The driver will automatically
	     select a channel in this mode, which is the default.

     media media
	     The wpi driver supports the following media types:

	     autoselect  Enable autoselection of the media type and options.

     mediaopt opts
	     The wpi driver supports the following media options:

	     monitor  Select monitor mode.

     -mediaopt opts
	     Disable the specified media options on the driver and return it to the default mode
	     of operation (BSS).

     mode mode
	     The wpi driver supports the following modes:

	     11a  Force 802.11a operation.
	     11b  Force 802.11b operation.
	     11g  Force 802.11g operation.

     nwid id
	     Set the network ID.  The id can either be any text string up to 32 characters in
	     length, or a series of hexadecimal digits up to 64 digits.  An empty id string
	     allows the interface to connect to any available access points.  By default the wpi
	     driver uses an empty string.  Note that network ID is synonymous with Extended Ser-
	     vice Set ID (ESSID).

     nwkey key
	     Enable WEP encryption using the specified key.  The key can either be a string, a
	     series of hexadecimal digits (preceded by '0x'), or a set of keys of the form
	     ``n:k1,k2,k3,k4'', where 'n' specifies which of the keys will be used for transmit-
	     ted packets, and the four keys, ``k1'' through ``k4'', are configured as WEP keys.
	     If a set of keys is specified, a comma (',') within the key must be escaped with a
	     backslash.  Note that if multiple keys are used, their order must be the same within
	     the network.  wpi is capable of using both 40-bit (5 characters or 10 hexadecimal
	     digits) or 104-bit (13 characters or 26 hexadecimal digits) keys.

     -nwkey  Disable WEP encryption.  This is the default mode of operation.

FILES
     The driver needs at least version 2.14.4 of the following firmware file, which is loaded
     when an interface is brought up:

	   /libdata/if_wpi/iwlwifi-3945.ucode

EXAMPLES
	   # ifconfig wpi0 nwkey 0x1deadbeef1

     Return wpi0 to its default settings:

	   # ifconfig wpi0 -bssid -chan media autoselect \
		   nwid "" -nwkey

     Join an existing BSS network, ``my_net'':

	   # ifconfig wpi0 192.168.1.1 netmask 0xffffff00 nwid my_net

DIAGNOSTICS
     wpi%d: device timeout  A frame dispatched to the hardware for transmission did not complete
     in time.  The driver will reset the hardware.  This should not happen.

     wpi%d: fatal firmware error  For some reason, the firmware crashed.  The driver will reset
     the hardware.  This should not happen.

     wpi%d: Radio transmitter is off  The radio transmitter is off and thus no packet can go out.
     The driver will reset the hardware.  Make sure the laptop radio switch is on.

     wpi%d: could not read firmware file  For some reason, the driver was unable to read the
     firmware image from the filesystem.  The file might be missing or corrupted.

     wpi%d: firmware file too short: %d bytes  The firmware image is corrupted and can't be
     loaded into the adapter.

     wpi%d: could not load firmware  An attempt to load the firmware into the adapter failed.
     The driver will reset the hardware.

NOTES
     On some laptops the radio transmitter button must be pushed twice to get the driver working,
     or you will get a wpi%d: fatal firmware error when the interface will be set to up

SEE ALSO
     arp(4), ifmedia(4), intro(4), netintro(4), pci(4), ifconfig(8), firmload(9)

     The IPW Web Page, http://damien.bergamini.free.fr/ipw/.

AUTHORS
     The wpi driver was originally written by Damien Bergamini <damien@openbsd.org>.  NetBSD
     porting was done by
     Jean-Baptiste Campesato <camjelemon@gmail.com>.

BSD					 February 4, 2009				      BSD
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