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virt-filesystems(1)		      Virtualization Support		      virt-filesystems(1)

NAME
       virt-filesystems - List filesystems, partitions, block devices, LVM in a virtual machine
       or disk image

SYNOPSIS
	virt-filesystems [--options] -d domname

	virt-filesystems [--options] -a disk.img [-a disk.img ...]

DESCRIPTION
       This tool allows you to discover filesystems, partitions, logical volumes, and their sizes
       in a disk image or virtual machine.  It is a replacement for virt-list-filesystems(1) and
       virt-list-partitions(1).

       One use for this tool is from shell scripts to iterate over all filesystems from a disk
       image:

	for fs in $(virt-filesystems -a disk.img); do
	  # ...
	done

       Another use is to list partitions before using another tool to modify those partitions
       (such as virt-resize(1)).  If you are curious about what an unknown disk image contains,
       use this tool along with virt-inspector(1).

       Various command line options control what this program displays.  You need to give either
       -a or -d options to specify the disk image or libvirt guest respectively.  If you just
       specify that then the program shows filesystems found, one per line, like this:

	$ virt-filesystems -a disk.img
	/dev/sda1
	/dev/vg_guest/lv_root

       If you add -l or --long then the output includes extra information:

	$ virt-filesystems -a disk.img -l
	Name		       Type	    VFS   Label  Size
	/dev/sda1	       filesystem   ext4  boot	 524288000
	/dev/vg_guest/lv_root  filesystem   ext4  root	 10212081664

       If you add --extra then non-mountable (swap, unknown) filesystems are shown as well:

	$ virt-filesystems -a disk.img --extra
	/dev/sda1
	/dev/vg_guest/lv_root
	/dev/vg_guest/lv_swap
	/dev/vg_guest/lv_data

       If you add --partitions then partitions are shown instead of filesystems:

	$ virt-filesystems -a disk.img --partitions
	/dev/sda1
	/dev/sda2

       Similarly you can use --logical-volumes, --volume-groups, --physical-volumes,
       --block-devices to list those items.

       You can use these options in combination as well (if you want a combination including
       filesystems, you have to add --filesystems).  Notice that some items fall into several
       categories (eg. "/dev/sda1" might be both a partition and a filesystem).  These items are
       listed several times.  To get a list which includes absolutely everything that virt-
       filesystems knows about, use the --all option.

       UUIDs (because they are quite long) are not shown by default.  Add the --uuid option to
       display device and filesystem UUIDs in the long output.

       --all --long --uuid is a useful combination to display all possible information about
       everything.

	$ virt-filesystems -a win.img --all --long --uuid -h
	Name	  Type	     VFS  Label 	  Size Parent	UUID
	/dev/sda1 filesystem ntfs System Reserved 100M -	F81C92571C92112C
	/dev/sda2 filesystem ntfs -		  20G  -	F2E8996AE8992E3B
	/dev/sda1 partition  -	  -		  100M /dev/sda -
	/dev/sda2 partition  -	  -		  20G  /dev/sda -
	/dev/sda  device     -	  -		  20G  -	-

       For machine-readable output, use --csv to get Comma-Separated Values.

OPTIONS
       --help
	   Display brief help.

       -a file
       --add file
	   Add file which should be a disk image from a virtual machine.  If the virtual machine
	   has multiple block devices, you must supply all of them with separate -a options.

	   The format of the disk image is auto-detected.  To override this and force a
	   particular format use the --format=.. option.

       -a URI
       --add URI
	   Add a remote disk.  See "ADDING REMOTE STORAGE" in guestfish(1).

       --all
	   Display everything.	This is currently the same as specifying these options:
	   --filesystems, --extra, --partitions, --block-devices, --logical-volumes,
	   --volume-groups, --physical-volumes.  (More may be added to this list in future).

	   See also --long.

       --blkdevs
       --block-devices
	   Display block devices.

       -c URI
       --connect URI
	   If using libvirt, connect to the given URI.	If omitted, then we connect to the
	   default libvirt hypervisor.

	   If you specify guest block devices directly (-a), then libvirt is not used at all.

       --csv
	   Write out the results in CSV format (comma-separated values).  This format can be
	   imported easily into databases and spreadsheets, but read "NOTE ABOUT CSV FORMAT"
	   below.

       -d guest
       --domain guest
	   Add all the disks from the named libvirt guest.  Domain UUIDs can be used instead of
	   names.

       --echo-keys
	   When prompting for keys and passphrases, virt-filesystems normally turns echoing off
	   so you cannot see what you are typing.  If you are not worried about Tempest attacks
	   and there is no one else in the room you can specify this flag to see what you are
	   typing.

       --extra
	   This causes filesystems that are not ordinary, mountable filesystems to be displayed.
	   This category includes swapspace, and filesystems that are empty or contain unknown
	   data.

	   This option implies --filesystems.

       --filesystems
	   Display mountable filesystems.  If no display option was selected then this option is
	   implied.

	   With --extra, non-mountable filesystems are shown too.

       --format=raw|qcow2|..
       --format
	   The default for the -a option is to auto-detect the format of the disk image.  Using
	   this forces the disk format for -a options which follow on the command line.  Using
	   --format with no argument switches back to auto-detection for subsequent -a options.

	   For example:

	    virt-filesystems --format=raw -a disk.img

	   forces raw format (no auto-detection) for "disk.img".

	    virt-filesystems --format=raw -a disk.img --format -a another.img

	   forces raw format (no auto-detection) for "disk.img" and reverts to auto-detection for
	   "another.img".

	   If you have untrusted raw-format guest disk images, you should use this option to
	   specify the disk format.  This avoids a possible security problem with malicious
	   guests (CVE-2010-3851).

       -h
       --human-readable
	   In --long mode, display sizes in human-readable format.

       --keys-from-stdin
	   Read key or passphrase parameters from stdin.  The default is to try to read
	   passphrases from the user by opening "/dev/tty".

       -l
       --long
	   Display extra columns of data ("long format").

	   A title row is added unless you also specify --no-title.

	   The extra columns displayed depend on what output you select, and the ordering of
	   columns may change in future versions.  Use the title row, --csv output and/or
	   csvtool(1) to match columns to data in external programs.

	   Use -h if you want sizes to be displayed in human-readable format.  The default is to
	   show raw numbers of bytes.

	   Use --uuid to display UUIDs too.

       --lvs
       --logvols
       --logical-volumes
	   Display LVM logical volumes.  In this mode, these are displayed irrespective of
	   whether the LVs contain filesystems.

       --no-title
	   In --long mode, don't add a title row.

	   Note that the order of the columns is not fixed, and may change in future versions of
	   virt-filesystems, so using this option may give you unexpected surprises.

       --parts
       --partitions
	   Display partitions.	In this mode, these are displayed irrespective of whether the
	   partitions contain filesystems.

       --pvs
       --physvols
       --physical-volumes
	   Display LVM physical volumes.

       --uuid
       --uuids
	   In --long mode, display UUIDs as well.

       -v
       --verbose
	   Enable verbose messages for debugging.

       -V
       --version
	   Display version number and exit.

       --vgs
       --volgroups
       --volume-groups
	   Display LVM volume groups.

       -x  Enable tracing of libguestfs API calls.

COLUMNS
       Note that columns in the output are subject to reordering and change in future versions of
       this tool.

       Name
	   The filesystem, partition, block device or LVM name.

	   For device and partition names these are displayed as canonical libguestfs names, so
	   that for example "/dev/sda2" is the second partition on the first device.

	   If the --long option is not specified, then only the name column is shown in the
	   output.

       Type
	   The object type, for example "filesystem", "lv", "device" etc.

       VFS If there is a filesystem, then this column displays the filesystem type if one could
	   be detected, eg. "ext4".

       Label
	   If the object has a label (used for identifying and mounting filesystems) then this
	   column contains the label.

       MBR The partition type byte, displayed as a two digit hexadecimal number.  A comprehensive
	   list of partition types can be found here:
	   http://www.win.tue.nl/~aeb/partitions/partition_types-1.html

	   This is only applicable for DOS (MBR) partitions.

       Size
	   The size of the object in bytes.  If the --human option is used then the size is
	   displayed in a human-readable form.

       Parent
	   The parent column records the parent relationship between objects.

	   For example, if the object is a partition, then this column contains the name of the
	   containing device.  If the object is a logical volume, then this column is the name of
	   the volume group.

	   If there is more than one parent, then this column is (internal to the column) a
	   comma-separated list, eg. "/dev/sda,/dev/sdb".

       UUID
	   If the object has a UUID (used for identifying and mounting filesystems and block
	   devices) then this column contains the UUID as a string.

	   The UUID is only displayed if the --uuid option is given.

NOTE ABOUT CSV FORMAT
       Comma-separated values (CSV) is a deceptive format.  It seems like it should be easy to
       parse, but it is definitely not easy to parse.

       Myth: Just split fields at commas.  Reality: This does not work reliably.  This example
       has two columns:

	"foo,bar",baz

       Myth: Read the file one line at a time.	Reality: This does not work reliably.  This
       example has one row:

	"foo
	bar",baz

       For shell scripts, use "csvtool" (http://merjis.com/developers/csv also packaged in major
       Linux distributions).

       For other languages, use a CSV processing library (eg. "Text::CSV" for Perl or Python's
       built-in csv library).

       Most spreadsheets and databases can import CSV directly.

SHELL QUOTING
       Libvirt guest names can contain arbitrary characters, some of which have meaning to the
       shell such as "#" and space.  You may need to quote or escape these characters on the
       command line.  See the shell manual page sh(1) for details.

EXIT STATUS
       This program returns 0 if successful, or non-zero if there was an error.

SEE ALSO
       guestfs(3), guestfish(1), virt-cat(1), virt-df(1), virt-list-filesystems(1),
       virt-list-partitions(1), csvtool(1), http://libguestfs.org/.

AUTHOR
       Richard W.M. Jones http://people.redhat.com/~rjones/

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE
       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

BUGS
       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       o   The version of libguestfs.

       o   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       o   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       o   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
	   report.

libguestfs-1.22.6			    2013-08-24			      virt-filesystems(1)
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