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virt-cat(1)			      Virtualization Support			      virt-cat(1)

NAME
       virt-cat - Display files in a virtual machine

SYNOPSIS
	virt-cat [--options] -d domname file [file ...]

	virt-cat [--options] -a disk.img [-a disk.img ...] file [file ...]

       Old-style:

	virt-cat domname file

	virt-cat disk.img file

DESCRIPTION
       "virt-cat" is a command line tool to display the contents of "file" where "file" exists in
       the named virtual machine (or disk image).

       Multiple filenames can be given, in which case they are concatenated together.  Each
       filename must be a full path, starting at the root directory (starting with '/').

       "virt-cat" can be used to quickly view a file.  To edit a file, use "virt-edit".  For more
       complex cases you should look at the guestfish(1) tool (see "USING GUESTFISH" below).

EXAMPLES
       Display "/etc/fstab" file from inside the libvirt VM called "mydomain":

	virt-cat -d mydomain /etc/fstab

       List syslog messages from a VM disk image file:

	virt-cat -a disk.img /var/log/messages | tail

       Find out what DHCP IP address a VM acquired:

	virt-cat -d mydomain /var/log/messages | \
	  grep 'dhclient: bound to' | tail

       Find out what packages were recently installed:

	virt-cat -d mydomain /var/log/yum.log | tail

       Find out who is logged on inside a virtual machine:

	virt-cat -d mydomain /var/run/utmp > /tmp/utmp
	who /tmp/utmp

       or who was logged on:

	virt-cat -d mydomain /var/log/wtmp > /tmp/wtmp
	last -f /tmp/wtmp

OPTIONS
       --help
	   Display brief help.

       -a file
       --add file
	   Add file which should be a disk image from a virtual machine.  If the virtual machine
	   has multiple block devices, you must supply all of them with separate -a options.

	   The format of the disk image is auto-detected.  To override this and force a
	   particular format use the --format=.. option.

       -a URI
       --add URI
	   Add a remote disk.  See "ADDING REMOTE STORAGE" in guestfish(1).

       -c URI
       --connect URI
	   If using libvirt, connect to the given URI.	If omitted, then we connect to the
	   default libvirt hypervisor.

	   If you specify guest block devices directly (-a), then libvirt is not used at all.

       -d guest
       --domain guest
	   Add all the disks from the named libvirt guest.  Domain UUIDs can be used instead of
	   names.

       --echo-keys
	   When prompting for keys and passphrases, virt-cat normally turns echoing off so you
	   cannot see what you are typing.  If you are not worried about Tempest attacks and
	   there is no one else in the room you can specify this flag to see what you are typing.

       --format=raw|qcow2|..
       --format
	   The default for the -a option is to auto-detect the format of the disk image.  Using
	   this forces the disk format for -a options which follow on the command line.  Using
	   --format with no argument switches back to auto-detection for subsequent -a options.

	   For example:

	    virt-cat --format=raw -a disk.img file

	   forces raw format (no auto-detection) for "disk.img".

	    virt-cat --format=raw -a disk.img --format -a another.img file

	   forces raw format (no auto-detection) for "disk.img" and reverts to auto-detection for
	   "another.img".

	   If you have untrusted raw-format guest disk images, you should use this option to
	   specify the disk format.  This avoids a possible security problem with malicious
	   guests (CVE-2010-3851).

       --keys-from-stdin
	   Read key or passphrase parameters from stdin.  The default is to try to read
	   passphrases from the user by opening "/dev/tty".

       -v
       --verbose
	   Enable verbose messages for debugging.

       -V
       --version
	   Display version number and exit.

       -x  Enable tracing of libguestfs API calls.

OLD-STYLE COMMAND LINE ARGUMENTS
       Previous versions of virt-cat allowed you to write either:

	virt-cat disk.img [disk.img ...] file

       or

	virt-cat guestname file

       whereas in this version you should use -a or -d respectively to avoid the confusing case
       where a disk image might have the same name as a guest.

       For compatibility the old style is still supported.

WINDOWS PATHS
       "virt-cat" has a limited ability to understand Windows drive letters and paths (eg.
       "E:\foo\bar.txt").

       If and only if the guest is running Windows then:

       o   Drive letter prefixes like "C:" are resolved against the Windows Registry to the
	   correct filesystem.

       o   Any backslash ("\") characters in the path are replaced with forward slashes so that
	   libguestfs can process it.

       o   The path is resolved case insensitively to locate the file that should be displayed.

       There are some known shortcomings:

       o   Some NTFS symbolic links may not be followed correctly.

       o   NTFS junction points that cross filesystems are not followed.

USING GUESTFISH
       guestfish(1) is a more powerful, lower level tool which you can use when "virt-cat"
       doesn't work.

       Using "virt-cat" is approximately equivalent to doing:

	guestfish --ro -i -d domname download file -

       where "domname" is the name of the libvirt guest, and "file" is the full path to the file.
       Note the final "-" (meaning "output to stdout").

       The command above uses libguestfs's guest inspection feature and so does not work on
       guests that libguestfs cannot inspect, or on things like arbitrary disk images that don't
       contain guests.	To display a file from a disk image directly, use:

	guestfish --ro -a disk.img -m /dev/sda1 download file -

       where "disk.img" is the disk image, "/dev/sda1" is the filesystem within the disk image,
       and "file" is the full path to the file.

SHELL QUOTING
       Libvirt guest names can contain arbitrary characters, some of which have meaning to the
       shell such as "#" and space.  You may need to quote or escape these characters on the
       command line.  See the shell manual page sh(1) for details.

EXIT STATUS
       This program returns 0 if successful, or non-zero if there was an error.

SEE ALSO
       guestfs(3), guestfish(1), virt-copy-out(1), virt-edit(1), virt-tar-out(1),
       http://libguestfs.org/.

AUTHOR
       Richard W.M. Jones http://people.redhat.com/~rjones/

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2010-2012 Red Hat Inc.

LICENSE
       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
       Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.

BUGS
       To get a list of bugs against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/buglist.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       To report a new bug against libguestfs, use this link:
       https://bugzilla.redhat.com/enter_bug.cgi?component=libguestfs&product=Virtualization+Tools

       When reporting a bug, please supply:

       o   The version of libguestfs.

       o   Where you got libguestfs (eg. which Linux distro, compiled from source, etc)

       o   Describe the bug accurately and give a way to reproduce it.

       o   Run libguestfs-test-tool(1) and paste the complete, unedited output into the bug
	   report.

libguestfs-1.22.6			    2013-08-24				      virt-cat(1)
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