Allow user without dir write permission to execute a script that creates files

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# 15  
Old 01-08-2014
I think sudo is successful because it is setuid-root.
Then it can do a setuid(0) to remove restrictions, maybe along with some other magic, and finally it can setuid(user) to switch to a user and run an unrestricted exec().
If you have time, study the sudo source files (sudo.c etc.)!
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_ENV(3) 								 1								   _ENV(3)

$_ENV - Environment variables

	An associative array of variables passed to the current script via the environment method.

	These  variables are imported into PHP's global namespace from the environment under which the PHP parser is running. Many are provided by
       the shell under which PHP is running and different systems are likely running different kinds of shells, a definitive list  is  impossible.
       Please see your shell's documentation for a list of defined environment variables.

	Other environment variables include the CGI variables, placed there regardless of whether PHP is running as a server module or CGI proces-

       $HTTP_ENV_VARS contains the same initial information, but is not a superglobal. (Note that $HTTP_ENV_VARS and $_ENV are different variables
       and that PHP handles them as such)

       |Version |						    |
       |	|						    |
       |	|		     Description		    |
       |	|						    |
       | 4.1.0	|						    |
       |	|						    |
       |	|  Introduced $_ENV that deprecated $HTTP_ENV_VARS. |
       |	|						    |
       Example #1

	      $_ENV example

	      echo 'My username is ' .$_ENV["USER"] . '!';

	       Assuming "bjori" executes this script

	      The above example will output something similar to:

	      My username is bjori!


	      This  is	a  'superglobal', or automatic global, variable. This simply means that it is available in all scopes throughout a script.
	      There is no need to do global $variable; to access it within functions or methods.

       getenv(3), The filter extension.

PHP Documentation Group 														   _ENV(3)