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setjmp(3) [ultrix man page]

setjmp(3)						     Library Functions Manual							 setjmp(3)

Name
       setjmp, longjmp - non-local goto

Syntax
       #include <setjmp.h>

       int setjmp (env)
       jmp_buf env;

       void longjmp (env, val)
       jmp_buf env;
       int val;

Description
       The and functions help deal with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program.

       The function saves its stack environment in env (whose type, jmp_buf, is defined in the <setjmp.h> header file) for later use by It returns
       the value 0.

       The function restores the environment saved by the last call of with the corresponding env argument.   After  finishes,	program  execution
       continues  as if the corresponding call of (which must not itself have returned in the interim) had just returned the value val.  The func-
       tion cannot cause to return the value 0.  If is invoked with a second argument of 0, returns 1.	At the time of the second return from  all
       accessible  data  have  values as of the time is called.  However, global variables have the expected values.  For example, those as of the
       time of the

Examples
       #include <setjmp.h>

       jmp_buf env;
       int i = 0;
       main ()
       {
	    void exit();

	    if(setjmp(env) != 0) {
		 (void) printf("value of i on 2nd return from setjmp: %d0, i);
		 exit(0);
	    }
	    (void) printf("value of i on 1st return from setjmp: %d0, i);
	    i = 1;
	    g();
	    /*NOTREACHED*/
       }

       g()
       {
	    longjmp(env, 1);
	    /*NOTREACHED*/
       }

       If the a.out resulting from this C language code is run, the output is as follows:
       value of i on 1st return from setjmp:0

       value of i on 2nd return from setjmp:1
       Unexpected behavior occurs if is called without a previous call to or when the last such call was in a function which has since returned.

Restrictions
       The values of the registers on the second return from are register values at the time of the first call to not those of the Thus, variables
       in a given function can produce unexpected results in the presence of depending on whether they are register or stack variables.

See Also
       signal(2).

								       RISC								 setjmp(3)

Check Out this Related Man Page

SETJMP(3)							 Library functions							 SETJMP(3)

NAME
setjmp, sigsetjmp - save stack context for non-local goto SYNOPSIS
#include <setjmp.h> int setjmp(jmp_buf env); int sigsetjmp(sigjmp_buf env, int savesigs); DESCRIPTION
setjmp() and longjmp() are useful for dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program. setjmp() saves the stack context/environment in env for later use by longjmp(). The stack context will be invalidated if the function which called setjmp() returns. sigsetjmp() is similar to setjmp(). If savesigs is nonzero, the set of blocked signals is saved in env and will be restored if a sig- longjmp() is later performed with this env. RETURN VALUE
setjmp() and sigsetjmp() return 0 if returning directly, and non-zero when returning from longjmp() using the saved context. CONFORMING TO
POSIX, ISO 9899 (C99) NOTES
POSIX does not specify whether setjmp will save the signal context. (In SYSV it will not. In BSD4.3 it will, and there is a function _setjmp that will not.) If you want to save signal masks, use sigsetjmp. setjmp() and sigsetjmp make programs hard to understand and maintain. If possible an alternative should be used. SEE ALSO
longjmp(3), siglongjmp(3) 1997-03-02 SETJMP(3)

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