perl - how do i find out if a file doesn't contain a pattern?

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# 1  
Old 09-18-2007
perl - how do i find out if a file doesn't contain a pattern?

how do i check a file for a pattern and perform an action if it doesn't exist?

i know how to search a file for a pattern. you just place it in an array like so.
my $data_file = "file.txt";
open DATA, "$data_file";
my @array_of_data = <DATA>;
        if ($_ =~ m/pattern/i) {
        print "\nfile contains pattern";
close DATA

however, if you want to find out if a pattern doesn't exist, the search will always be true because each line is read separately and not all lines in the file contain the pattern.

how do search the whole file for the non-existence of the pattern?

hope i've made sense?
# 2  
Old 09-18-2007
Hammer & Screwdriver Read this one

Perl regular expressions

[^something] matches any character except those that [something] denotes; that is, immediately after the leading “[”, the circumflex “^” means “not” applied to all of the rest

[^abc]+ any (nonempty) string which does not contain any of a, b and c (such as defg)

# 3  
Old 09-18-2007
You can search the file for the pattern, and set a variable to a certain value when a match is found. If the variable is not assigned this value, then there is no match. Does that make any sense to you?
# 4  
Old 09-18-2007
thanks guys.

i can use either of those ideas but cbkihong's will be easier to read.

bit annoyed that i didn't think of that myself. i've written loads of unix shell scripts using the 'set variable' method.
# 5  
Old 09-19-2007
i've figured out a better solution.

i didn't know there was a 'grep' command until i curiously typed into google "perl +grep". i'm very new to perl by the way.

my $data_file = "file.txt";
open CHK_ARRAY, $data_file;
my @chk_array = <CHK_ARRAY>;
close CHK_ARRAY;
if (grep(/pattern/,@chk_array) eq 0) {
    print "\npattern not here!";

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