Direct the invalid lines to a separate files

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# 1  
Old 10-10-2009
Data Direct the invalid lines to a separate files


I have a pipe delimited file with 1 million records. I need to validate each line by counting the number of delimiters, if any line fails to have the specified number of delimiters, taat line has to be sent to a reject file.

Kindly suggest.
if code provided, it is highly appreciated, and helpful.
Please let me know if I can provide any further information
# 2  
Old 10-10-2009

awk -F"|" 'NF != 10 { print > "reject_file" }' input_file

In this example, 10 is the number of fields. This is one more than the number of delimeters (so if you have 10 delimeters, the number of fields would be 11)
# 3  
Old 10-10-2009
awk -F":" 'NF != 10{print > "reject.file"}' infile

: delimiter
10 number of delimiters + 1
reject.file Smilie
# 4  
Old 10-10-2009
$ sed -n cat t.txt 
$ sed -n '/\([^:]*:\)\{2\}/!p' t.txt 

It prints all the lines which dont have 2 delimiters. Hope this helped ?!
# 5  
Old 10-13-2009
gawk alternative for huge file

Thanks Scottn and Danmero

Your answers wonderfully wonderfully on sample files. But I have very huge files (>7GB) with more than 150 fields. For such cases, I learnt from this forum that, I can go for gawk. Unfortunately gawk command is not present in my shell, but I have nawk.

so could you please suggest, if you find any other alternative to the above question except gawk.

Thanks Thegeek,
Could you help me in achieving the below task?
sending records with unexpected number of fields to a reject file


Last edited by anandapani; 10-13-2009 at 03:39 PM..
# 6  
Old 10-13-2009
Originally Posted by anandapani

I have a pipe delimited file with 1 million records. I need to validate each line by counting the number of delimiters, if any line fails to have the specified number of delimiters, taat line has to be sent to a reject file.
"sent" to a reject file is somewhat ambiguous, do you mean write a copy of the line to the reject file or delete it from the original and write it to the reject file?

You can use the split shell command to split the file into manageable chunks if it is too big for awk. See the man file for split: -

man split

# 7  
Old 10-13-2009
This is probably a good moment to mention exactly what Operating System and version you have.

A 7 Gigabyte file with a million records implies a record size of about 7 Kilobytes. This file size and record size is way beyond what is normal for processing in unix shell script or basic awk programming. I am assuming that whatever program you used to count the records was able to report the statistics accurately.

Do you have a high level programming language available? Preferably one which can deal with flat files above 2 Gigabytes in size.
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