Converting Unicode file to UTF8 format


 
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# 8  
Old 08-27-2009
Quote:
Originally Posted by CRGreathouse
Code:
file <input file>

should do it.
I found the command
enca
available on Linux
In my case, i installed on CentOS 4 the rpm
enca-1.9-4.el4.rf.i386.rpm
and the command gives following output
a) on a file supposed to be in UTF-8
[root@mini figari]# enca -L none ./fr/texte_titre.html
Universal transformation format 8 bits; UTF-8
b) on a file supposed to be in ISO8859-1
[root@mini figari]# enca -L none ./en/texte_accueil.html
7bit ASCII characters


(but ideally, enca should be configured with french language to help format recognition, unfortunately, french seems not to be included Smilie)
my 2 cents
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unicode(n)						       Unicode normalization							unicode(n)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

NAME
unicode - Implementation of Unicode normalization SYNOPSIS
package require Tcl 8.3 package require unicode 1.0 ::unicode::fromstring string ::unicode::tostring uclist ::unicode::normalize form uclist ::unicode::normalizeS form string _________________________________________________________________ DESCRIPTION
This is an implementation in Tcl of the Unicode normalization forms. COMMANDS
::unicode::fromstring string Converts string to list of integer Unicode character codes which is used in unicode for internal string representation. ::unicode::tostring uclist Converts list of integers uclist back to Tcl string. ::unicode::normalize form uclist Normalizes Unicode characters list ulist according to form and returns the normalized list. Form form takes one of the following values: D (canonical decomposition), C (canonical decomposition, followed by canonical composition), KD (compatibility decomposi- tion), or KC (compatibility decomposition, followed by canonical composition). ::unicode::normalizeS form string A shortcut to ::unicode::tostring [unicode::normalize $form [::unicode::fromstring $string]]. Normalizes Tcl string and returns normalized string. EXAMPLES
% ::unicode::fromstring "u0410u0411u0412u0413" 1040 1041 1042 1043 % ::unicode::tostring {49 50 51 52 53} 12345 % % ::unicode::normalize D {7692 775} 68 803 775 % ::unicode::normalizeS KD "u1d2c" A % REFERENCES
[1] "Unicode Standard Annex #15: Unicode Normalization Forms", (http://unicode.org/reports/tr15/) AUTHORS
Sergei Golovan BUGS, IDEAS, FEEDBACK This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such in the category string- prep of the Tcllib SF Trackers [http://sourceforge.net/tracker/?group_id=12883]. Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation. SEE ALSO
stringprep(n) KEYWORDS
normalization, unicode COPYRIGHT
Copyright (c) 2007, Sergei Golovan <sgolovan@nes.ru> stringprep 1.0.0 unicode(n)