refer, lookbib - find and insert literature references in documents
refer [ option ] ...
lookbib [ file ] ...
Lookbib accepts keywords from the standard input and searches a bibliographic data base
for references that contain those keywords anywhere in title, author, journal name, etc.
Matching references are printed on the standard output. Blank lines are taken as delim-
iters between queries.
Refer is a preprocessor for nroff or troff(1) that finds and formats references. The
input files (standard input default) are copied to the standard output, except for lines
between .[ and .] command lines, which are assumed to contain keywords as for lookbib,
and are replaced by information from the bibliographic data base. The user may avoid the
search, override fields from it, or add new fields. The reference data, from whatever
source, are assigned to a set of troff strings. Macro packages such as ms(7) print the
finished reference text from these strings. A flag is placed in the text at the point of
reference; by default the references are indicated by numbers.
The following options are available:
-ar Reverse the first r author names (Jones, J. A. instead of J. A. Jones). If r is
omitted all author names are reversed.
-b Bare mode: do not put any flags in text (neither numbers nor labels).
Capitalize (with CAPS SMALL CAPS) the fields whose key-letters are in string.
-e Instead of leaving the references where encountered, accumulate them until a
sequence of the form
is encountered, and then write out all references collected so far. Collapse refer-
ences to the same source.
-kx Instead of numbering references, use labels as specified in a reference data line
beginning %x; by default x is L.
-lm,n Instead of numbering references, use labels made from the senior author's last name
and the year of publication. Only the first m letters of the last name and the last
n digits of the date are used. If either m or ,n is omitted the entire name or date
respectively is used.
-p Take the next argument as a file of references to be searched. The default file is
-n Do not search the default file.
Sort references by fields whose key-letters are in the keys string; permute refer-
ence numbers in text accordingly. Implies -e. The key-letters in keys may be fol-
lowed by a number to indicate how many such fields are used, with + taken as a very
large number. The default is AD which sorts on the senior author and then date; to
sort, for example, on all authors and then title use -sA+T.
To use your own references, put them in the format described in pubindex(1) They can be
searched more rapidly by running pubindex(1) on them before using refer; failure to index
results in a linear search.
When refer is used with eqn, neqn or tbl, refer should be first, to minimize the volume of
data passed through pipes.
/usr/dict/papers directory of default publication lists and indexes
/usr/lib/refer directory of programs