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tmpwatch(8) [redhat man page]

TMPWATCH(8)						   System Administrator's Manual					       TMPWATCH(8)

NAME
tmpwatch - removes files which haven't been accessed for a period of time SYNOPSIS
tmpwatch [-u|-m|-c] [-faqstv] [--verbose] [--force] [--all] [--test] [--fuser ] [--atime|--mtime|--ctime] [--quiet] <hours> <dirs> DESCRIPTION
tmpwatch recursively removes files which haven't been accessed for a given number of hours. Normally, it's used to clean up directories which are used for temporary holding space such as /tmp. When changing directories, tmpwatch is very sensitive to possible race conditions and will exit with an error if one is detected. It does not follow symbolic links in the directories it's cleaning (even if a symbolic link is given as its argument), will not switch filesystems, and only removes empty directories and regular files. By default, tmpwatch dates files by their atime (access time), not their mtime (modification time). If files aren't being removed when ls -l implies they should be, use ls -u to examine their atime to see if that explains the problem. If the --atime, --ctime or --mtime options are used in combination, the decision about deleting a file will be based on the maximum of this times. The hours parameter defines the threshold for removing files. If the file has not been accessed for hours hours, the file is removed. Fol- lowing this, one or more directories may be given for tmpwatch to clean up. OPTIONS
-u, --atime Make the decision about deleting a file based on the file's atime (access time). This is the default. -m, --mtime Make the decision about deleting a file based on the file's mtime (modification time) instead of the atime. -c, --ctime Make the decision about deleting a file based on the file's ctime (inode change time) instead of the atime; for directories, make the decision based on the mtime. -a, --all Remove all file types, not just regular files and directories. -d, --nodirs Do not attempt to remove directories, even if they are empty. -f, --force Remove files even if root doesn't have write access (akin to rm -f). -t, --test Doesn't remove files, but goes through the motions of removing them. This implies -v. -s, --fuser Attempt to use the "fuser" command to see if a file is already open before removing it. Not enabled by default. Does help in some circumstances, but not all. Dependent on fuser being installed in /sbin. -v, --verbose Print a verbose display. Two levels of verboseness are available -- use this option twice to get the most verbose output. SEE ALSO
cron(1), ls(1), rm(1), fuser(1) WARNINGS
GNU-style long options are not supported on HP-UX. AUTHORS
Erik Troan <ewt@redhat.com> Preston Brown <pbrown@redhat.com> Nalin Dahyabhai <nalin@redhat.com> 4th Berkeley Distribution Wed Nov 28 2001 TMPWATCH(8)

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apache_mod_perl-108~358::mod_perl-2.0.7::docs::api::APR:UserfContributed Perl Docapache_mod_perl-108~358::mod_perl-2.0.7::docs::api::APR::Finfo(3)

NAME
APR::Finfo - Perl API for APR fileinfo structure Synopsis use APR::Finfo (); use APR::Const -compile => qw(FINFO_NORM); my $finfo = APR::Finfo::stat("/tmp/test", APR::Const::FINFO_NORM, $pool); $device = $finfo->device; # (stat $file)[0] $inode = $finfo->inode; # (stat $file)[1] # stat returns an octal number while protection is hex $prot = $finfo->protection; # (stat $file)[2] $nlink = $finfo->nlink; # (stat $file)[3] $gid = $finfo->group; # (stat $file)[4] $uid = $finfo->user; # (stat $file)[5] $size = $finfo->size; # (stat $file)[7] $atime = $finfo->atime; # (stat $file)[8] $mtime = $finfo->mtime; # (stat $file)[9] $ctime = $finfo->ctime; # (stat $file)[10] $csize = $finfo->csize; # consumed size: not portable! $filetype = $finfo->filetype; # file/dir/socket/etc $fname = $finfo->fname; $name = $finfo->name; # in filesystem case: # valid fields that can be queried $valid = $finfo->valid; Description APR fileinfo structure provides somewhat similar information to Perl's "stat()" call, but you will want to use this module's API to query an already "stat()'ed" filehandle to avoid an extra system call or to query attributes specific to APR file handles. During the HTTP request handlers coming after "PerlMapToStorageHandler", "$r->finfo" already contains the cached values from the apr's "stat()" call. So you don't want to perform it again, but instead get the "ARP::Finfo" object via: my $finfo = $r->finfo; API
"APR::Finfo" provides the following functions and/or methods: "atime" Get the time the file was last accessed: $atime = $finfo->atime; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $atime ( integer ) Last access time in seconds since the epoch since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[8] Note that this method may not be reliable on all platforms, most notably Win32 -- FAT32 filesystems appear to work properly, but NTFS filesystems do not. "csize" Get the storage size consumed by the file $csize = $finfo->csize; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $csize ( integer ) since: 2.0.00 Chances are that you don't want to use this method, since its functionality is not supported on most platforms (in which case it always returns 0). "ctime" Get the time the file was last changed $ctime = $finfo->ctime; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $ctime ( integer ) Inode change time in seconds since the epoch since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[10] The ctime field is non-portable. In particular, you cannot expect it to be a "creation time", see "Files and Filesystems" in the perlport manpage for details. "device" Get the id of the device the file is on. $device = $finfo->device; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $device ( integer ) since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[0] Note that this method is non-portable. It doesn't work on all platforms, most notably Win32. "filetype" Get the type of file. $filetype = $finfo->filetype; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $filetype ( ":filetype constant" ) since: 2.0.00 For example: use APR::Pool; use APR::Finfo; use APR::Const -compile => qw(FILETYPE_DIR FILETYPE_REG FINFO_NORM); my $pool = APR::Pool->new(); my $finfo = APR::Finfo::stat("/tmp", APR::Const::FINFO_NORM, $pool); my $finfo = $finfo->filetype; if ($finfo == APR::Const::FILETYPE_REG) { print "regular file"; } elsif ($finfo == APR::Const::FILETYPE_REG) { print "directory"; } else { print "other file"; } Since /tmp is a directory, this will print: directory "fname" Get the pathname of the file (possibly unrooted) $fname = $finfo->fname; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $filetype ( string ) since: 2.0.00 "group" Get the group id that owns the file: $gid = $finfo->group; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $gid ( number ) since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[5] Note that this method may not be meaningful on all platforms, most notably Win32. Incorrect results have also been reported on some versions of OSX. "inode" Get the inode of the file. $inode = $finfo->inode; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $inode ( integer ) since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[1] Note that this method may not be meaningful on all platforms, most notably Win32. "mtime" The time the file was last modified $mtime = $finfo->mtime; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $mtime ( integer ) Last modify time in seconds since the epoch since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[9] "name" Get the file's name (no path) in filesystem case: $name = $finfo->name; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $device ( string ) since: 2.0.00 "nlink" Get the number of hard links to the file. $nlink = $finfo->nlink; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $nlink ( integer ) since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[3] "protection" Get the access permissions of the file. Mimics Unix access rights. $prot = $finfo->protection; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $prot ( ":fprot constant" ) since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[2] Note: Perl's stat returns an octal number while mod_perl's "protection" returns a hex number. See perldoc -f stat and APR's file_io for more information on each. "size" Get the size of the file $size = $finfo->size; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $size ( integer ) Total size of file, in bytes since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[7] "stat" Get the specified file's stats. $finfo = APR::Finfo::stat($fname, $wanted_fields, $p); arg1: $fname ( string ) The path to the file to "stat()". arg2: $wanted_fields ( ":finfo constant" ) The desired fields, as a bitmask flag of "APR::FINFO_*" constants. Notice that you can also use the constants that already combine several elements in one. For example "APR::Const::FINFO_PROT" asks for all protection bits, "APR::Const::FINFO_MIN" asks for the following fields: type, mtime, ctime, atime, size and "APR::Const::FINFO_NORM" asks for all atomic unix "apr_stat()" fields (similar to perl's "stat()"). arg3: $p ( "APR::Pool object" ) the pool to use to allocate the file stat structure. ret: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) since: 2.0.00 For example, here is how to get most of the "stat" fields: use APR::Pool (); use APR::Finfo (); use APR::Const -compile => qw(FINFO_NORM); my $pool = APR::Pool->new(); my $finfo = APR::Finfo::stat("/tmp/test", APR::Const::FINFO_NORM, $pool); "user" Get the user id that owns the file: $uid = $finfo->user; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) return: $uid ( number ) since: 2.0.00 This method returns the same value as Perl's: (stat $filename)[4] Note that this method may not be meaningful on all platforms, most notably Win32. "valid" The bitmask describing valid fields of this apr_finfo_t structure including all available 'wanted' fields and potentially more $valid = $finfo->valid; obj: $finfo ( "APR::Finfo object" ) arg1: $valid ( bitmask ) This bitmask flag should be bit-OR'ed against ":finfo constant" constants. since: 2.0.00 See Also mod_perl 2.0 documentation. Copyright mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache Software License, Version 2.0. Authors The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors. perl v5.16.2 2011-02-07 apache_mod_perl-108~358::mod_perl-2.0.7::docs::api::APR::Finfo(3)

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