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pine(1) 										  pine(1)

       pine - a Program for Internet News and Email

       pine [ options ] [ address , address ]

       pinef [ options ] [ address , address ]

       Pine  is  a  screen-oriented  message-handling  tool.   In its default configuration, Pine
       offers an intentionally limited set of functions geared toward the  novice  user,  but  it
       also  has a growing list of optional "power-user" and personal-preference features.  pinef
       is a variant of Pine that uses function keys rather than mnemonic single-letter	commands.
       Pine's basic feature set includes:

	      View, Save, Export, Delete, Print, Reply and Forward messages.

	      Compose  messages  in a simple editor (Pico) with word-wrap and a spelling checker.
	      Messages may be postponed for later completion.

	      Full-screen selection and management of message folders.

	      Address book to keep a list of long or frequently-used addresses.  Personal distri-
	      bution  lists  may  be  defined.	Addresses may be taken into the address book from
	      incoming mail without retyping them.

	      New mail checking and notification occurs automatically every 2.5 minutes and after
	      certain commands, e.g. refresh-screen (Ctrl-L).

	      On-line, context-sensitive help screens.

       Pine  supports MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions), an Internet Standard for rep-
       resenting multipart and multimedia data in email.  Pine allows you to save MIME objects to
       files,  and  in	some cases, can also initiate the correct program for viewing the object.
       It uses the system's mailcap configuration file to determine what program  can  process	a
       particular  MIME  object  type.	Pine's message composer does not have integral multimedia
       capability, but any type of data file --including multimedia-- can be attached to  a  text
       message	and  sent using MIME's encoding rules.	This allows any group of individuals with
       MIME-capable mail software (e.g. Pine, PC-Pine, or many other programs) to  exchange  for-
       matted documents, spread-sheets, image files, etc, via Internet email.

       Pine uses the c-client messaging API to access local and remote mail folders. This library
       provides a variety of low-level message-handling functions, including drivers for a  vari-
       ety  of	different  mail  file formats, as well as routines to access remote mail and news
       servers, using IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) and NNTP	(Network  News	Transport
       Protocol).   Outgoing  mail is usually handed-off to the Unix sendmail, program but it can
       optionally be posted directly via SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).

       The command line options/arguments are:

       address		   Send mail to address.  This will cause Pine to go  directly	into  the
			   message composer.

       -attach file	   Send mail with the listed file as an attachment.

       -attachlist file-list
			   Send mail with the listed file-list as an attachments.

       -attach_and_delete file
			   Send  mail  with the listed file as an attachment, and remove the file
			   after the message is sent.

       -aux local_directory
			   PC-Pine only. When using a remote configuration  (-p  <remote_config>)
			   this  tells	PC-Pine  the local directory to use for storing auxiliary
			   files, like debug files, address books, and signature files.

       -bail		   Exit if the pinerc file does not exist. This might be  useful  if  the
			   config  file is accessed using some remote filesystem protocol. If the
			   remote mount is missing this will cause Pine to quit instead of creat-
			   ing a new pinerc.

       -c context-number   context-number is the number corresponding to the folder-collection to
			   which the -f command line argument should be applied.  By default  the
			   -f argument is applied to the first defined folder-collection.

       -conf		   Produce  a  sample/fresh  copy  of the system-wide configuration file,
			   pine.conf, on the standard output. This is distinct from the  per-user
			   .pinerc file.

       -convert_sigs -p pinerc
			   Convert signature files into literal signatures.

       -copy_abook <local_abook> <remote_abook>
			   Copy the local address book file to a remote address book folder.

       -copy_pinerc <local_pinerc> <remote_pinerc>
			   Copy the local pinerc file to a remote pinerc folder.

       -create_lu addrbook sort-order
			   Creates  auxiliarly	index (look-up) file for addrbook and sorts addr-
			   book in sort-order, which may be dont-sort, nickname, fullname,  nick-
			   name-with-lists-last, or fullname-with-lists-last.  Useful when creat-
			   ing global or shared address books.	After creating the index file  in
			   this  way, the file should be moved or copied in a way which preserves
			   the mtime of the address book file.	The mtime  of  the  address  book
			   file  at  the time the index file was built is stored inside the index
			   file and a comparison between that stored value and the current  mtime
			   of  the  address  book  file  is done when somebody runs pine.  If the
			   mtime has changed since the index file was made, then pine  will  want
			   to rebuild the index file.  In other words, don't build the index file
			   with this option and then copy the address book to its final  destina-
			   tion in a way which changes the file's mtime.

       -d debug-level	   Output  diagnostic  info  at  debug-level  (0-9) to the current .pine-
			   debug[1-4] file.  A value of 0 turns debugging off and suppresses  the
			   .pine-debug file.

       -d key[=val]	   Fine  tuned	output	of diagnostic messages where "flush" causes debug
			   file writing without buffering, "timestamp" appends each message  with
			   a  timestamp, "imap=n" where n is between 0 and 4 representing none to
			   verbose IMAP telemetry reporting, "numfiles=n" where n  is  between	0
			   and	31  corresponding  to  the number of debug files to maintain, and
			   "verbose=n" where n is between 0 and 9 indicating an inverse threshold
			   for message output.

       -f folder	   Open  folder  (in first defined folder collection, use -c n to specify
			   another collection) instead of INBOX.

       -F file		   Open named text file and view with Pine's browser.

       -h		   Help: list valid command-line options.

       -i		   Start up in the FOLDER INDEX screen.

       -I keystrokes	   Initial (comma separated list of) keystrokes which Pine should execute
			   on startup.

       -k		   Use	function  keys for commands. This is the same as running the com-
			   mand pinef.

       -n number	   Start up with current message-number set to number.

       -o		   Open first folder read-only.

       -p config-file	   Use config-file as the personal  configuration  file  instead  of  the
			   default .pinerc.

       -P config-file	   Use	config-file  as the configuration file instead of default system-
			   wide configuration file pine.conf.

       -pinerc file	   Output fresh pinerc configuration to file, preserving the settings  of
			   variables  that the user has made.  Use file set to ``-'' to make out-
			   put go to standard out.  <IP> -registry cmd 20 For PC-Pine only,  this
			   option affects the values of Pine's registry entries.  Possible values
			   for cmd are set, clear, and dump.  Set will always reset  Pine's  reg-
			   istry entries according to its current settings.  Clear will clear the
			   registry values.  Dump will display the  values  of	current  registry
			   settings.   Note that the dump command is currently disabled.  Without
			   the -registry option, PC-Pine will write values into the registry only
			   if there currently aren't any values set.

       -r		   Use	restricted/demo  mode.	 Pine  will  only send mail to itself and
			   functions like save and export are restricted.

       -sort order	   Sort the FOLDER INDEX display in one of the following orders: arrival,
			   date,  subject,  orderedsubj,  thread,  from,  size, score, to, cc, or
			   reverse. Arrival order is the default.  The OrderedSubj  choice  simu-
			   lates a threaded sort.  Any sort may be reversed by adding /reverse to
			   it.	Reverse by itself is the same as arrival/reverse.

       -supported	   Some options may or may not be supported depending  on  how	Pine  was
			   compiled.   This  is a way to determine which options are supported in
			   the particular copy of Pine you are using.

       -url url 	   Open the given url.	Cannot be used with -f, -F, or -attach options.

       -v		   Version: Print version information.

       -version 	   Version: Print version information.

       -x config	   Use configuration exceptions in config.  Exceptions are used to  over-
			   ride  your default pinerc settings for a particular platform, can be a
			   local file or a remote folder.

       -z		   Enable ^Z and SIGTSTP so pine may be suspended.

       -option=value	   Assign value to the config option option e.g. -signature-file=sig1  or
			   -feature-list=signature-at-bottom (Note: feature-list values are addi-

       There are several levels of Pine configuration.	Configuration values  at  a  given  level
       over-ride corresponding values at lower levels.	In order of increasing precedence:

	o built-in defaults.
	o system-wide pine.conf file.
	o personal .pinerc file (may be set via built-in Setup/Config menu.)
	o command-line options.
	o system-wide pine.conf.fixed file.

       There  is one exception to the rule that configuration values are replaced by the value of
       the same option in a higher-precedence file: the feature-list variable has values that are
       additive,  but  can be negated by prepending "no-" in front of an individual feature name.
       Unix Pine also uses the following environment variables:

	 DISPLAY     (determines if Pine can display IMAGE attachments.)
	 SHELL	     (if not set, default is /bin/sh )
	 MAILCAPS    (semicolon delimited list of path names to mailcap files)

       /var/spool/mail/xxxx	   Default folder for incoming mail.
       ~/mail			   Default directory for mail folders.
       ~/.addressbook		   Default address book file.
       ~/.addressbook.lu	   Default address book index file.
       ~/.pine-debug[1-4]	   Diagnostic log for debugging.
       ~/.pinerc		   Personal pine config file.
       ~/.newsrc		   News subscription/state file.
       ~/.signature		   Default signature file.
       ~/.mailcap		   Personal mail capabilities file.
       ~/.mime.types		   Personal file extension to MIME type mapping
       /etc/mailcap		   System-wide mail capabilities file.
       /etc/mime.types		   System-wide file ext. to MIME type mapping
       /usr/lib/pine.info	   Local pointer to system administrator.
       /etc/pine.conf		   System-wide configuration file.
       /etc/pine.conf.fixed	    Non-overridable configuration file.
       /tmp/.\var\spool\mail\xxxx  Per-folder mailbox lock files.
       ~/.pine-interrupted-mail    Message which was interrupted.
       ~/mail/postponed-msgs	   For postponed messages.
       ~/mail/sent-mail 	   Outgoing message archive (FCC).
       ~/mail/saved-messages	   Default destination for Saving messages.

       pico(1), binmail(1), aliases(5), mailaddr(7), sendmail(8), spell(1), imapd(8)

       Newsgroup:  comp.mail.pine
       Pine Information Center:  http://www.washington.edu/pine
       Source distribution:  ftp://ftp.cac.washington.edu/pine/pine.tar.Z
       Pine Technical Notes, included in the source distribution.
       C-Client messaging API library, included in the source distribution.

       The University of Washington Pine development team (part of the UW Office
       of Computing & Communications) includes:

	Project Leader: 	  Mike Seibel
	Principal authors:	  Mike Seibel, Steve Hubert, Laurence Lundblade*
	C-Client library & IMAPd: Mark Crispin
	Pico, the PIne COmposer:  Mike Seibel
	Documentation:		  Many people!
	PC-Pine for Windows:	  Tom Unger, Mike Seibel
	Project oversight:	  Terry Gray, Lori Stevens
	Principal Patrons:	  Ron Johnson, Mike Bryant
	Additional support:	  NorthWestNet
	Initial Pine code base:   Elm, by Dave Taylor & USENET Community Trust
	Initial Pico code base:   MicroEmacs 3.6, by Dave G. Conroy
	User Interface design:	  Inspired by UCLA's "Ben" mailer for MVS
	Suggestions/fixes/ports:  Folks from all over!


       Copyright 1989-2002 by the University of Washington.
       Pine and Pico are trademarks of the University of Washington.

       $Date: 2002/01/08 16:03:14 $

					   Version 4.44 				  pine(1)
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