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RedHat 9 (Linux i386) - man page for montage (redhat section 1)

montage(1)			     General Commands Manual			       montage(1)

NAME
       montage - create a composite image by combining several separate images

SYNOPSIS
       montage [ options ...] file [ [ options ...] file ...] output_file

DESCRIPTION
       montage	creates  a  composite  image by combining several separate images. The images are
       tiled on the composite image with the name of the image optionally  appearing  just  below
       the individual tile.

       The composite image is constructed in the following manner. First, each image specified on
       the command line, except for the last, is scaled to fit the maximum tile size. The maximum
       tile size by default is 120x120.  It can be modified with the -geometry command line argu-
       ment or X resource. See Options for more information on command line arguments.	See  X(1)
       for  more  information  on  X  resources.   Note  that the maximum tile size need not be a
       square.

       Next the composite image is initialized with the color specified by the	-background  com-
       mand  line  argument  or X resource. The width and height of the composite image is deter-
       mined by the title specified, the maximum tile size, the number of tiles per row, the tile
       border width and height, the image border width, and the label height. The number of tiles
       per row specifies how many images are to appear in each row of the  composite  image.  The
       default	is  to	have  5 tiles in each row and 4 tiles in each column of the composite.	A
       specific value is specified with -tile. The tile border width and height,  and  the  image
       border  width defaults to the value of the X resource -borderwidth. It can be changed with
       the -borderwidth or -geometry command line argument or X resource.  The	label  height  is
       determined  by the font you specify with the -font command line argument or X resource. If
       you do not specify a font, a font is chosen that allows the name of the image to  fit  the
       maximum	width  of  a  tiled  area.  The label colors is determined by the -background and
       -fill command line argument or X resource. Note, that if the background and pen colors are
       the same, labels will not appear.

       Initially,  the	composite  image title is placed at the top if one is specified (refer to
       -fill). Next, each image is set onto the composite image, surrounded by its border  color,
       with  its name centered just below it. The individual images are left-justified within the
       width of the tiled area.  The order of the images is the same as they appear on	the  com-
       mand  line  unless the images have a scene keyword. If a scene number is specified in each
       image, then the images are tiled onto the composite in the order of  their  scene  number.
       Finally,  the  last  argument  on  the  command line is the name assigned to the composite
       image. By default, the image is written in the MIFF format and can be  viewed  or  printed
       with display(1).

       Note,  that if the number of tiles exceeds the default number of 20 (5 per row, 4 per col-
       umn), more than one composite image is created. To ensure a single image is produced,  use
       -tile to increase the number of tiles to meet or exceed the number of input images.

       Finally,  to  create  one  or  more empty spaces in the sequence of tiles, use the "NULL:"
       image format.

       Note, a composite MIFF image displayed to an X server  with  display  behaves  differently
       than  other  images.  You can think of the composite as a visual image directory. Choose a
       particular tile of the composite and press a button to  display	it.  See  display(1)  and
       miff(5)

EXAMPLES
       To  create  a  montage  of  a cockatoo, a parrot, and a hummingbird and write it to a file
       called birds, use:

	   montage cockatoo.miff parrot.miff hummingbird.miff
		   birds.miff

       To tile several bird images so that they are at most 256 pixels in width and 192 pixels in
       height, surrounded by a red border, and separated by 10 pixels of background color, use:

	   montage -geometry 256x192+10+10 -bordercolor red
		   birds.* montage.miff

       To  create  an  unlabeled  parrot  image, 640 by 480 pixels, and surrounded by a border of
       black, use:

	   montage -geometry 640x480 -bordercolor black
		   -label "" parrot.miff bird.miff

       To create an image of an eagle with a textured background, use:

	   montage -texture bumps.jpg eagle.jpg eagle.png

       To join several GIF images together without any extraneous graphics (e.g.   no  label,  no
       shadowing, no surrounding tile frame), use:

	   montage +frame +shadow +label -tile 5x1
		   -geometry 50x50+0+0 *.png joined.png

OPTIONS
       Any  option you specify on the command line remains in effect for the group of images fol-
       lowing it, until the group is terminated by the appearance of any option  or  -noop.   For
       example,  to  make a montage of three images, the first with 32 colors, the second with an
       unlimited number of colors, and the third with only 16 colors, use:

	    montage -colors 32 cockatoo.1 -noop cockatoo.2
		    -colors 16 cockatoo.3 cockatoos.miff

       For a more detailed description of each option, see ImageMagick(1).

       -adjoin
	      join images into a single multi-image file

       -background <color>
	      the background color

       -blur <radius>x<sigma>
	      blur the image with a gaussian operator

       -bordercolor <color>
	      the border color

       -borderwidth <geometry>
	      the border width

       -cache <threshold>
	      megabytes of memory available to the pixel cache

       -chop <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}
	      remove pixels from the interior of an image

       -colors <value>
	      preferred number of colors in the image

       -colorspace <value>
	      the type of colorspace

       -comment <string>
	      annotate an image with a comment

       -compose <operator>
	      the type of image composition

       -compress <type>
	      the type of image compression

       -crop <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}
	      preferred size and location of the cropped image

       -debug enable debug printout

       -density <width>x<height>
	      vertical and horizontal resolution in pixels of the image

       -depth <value>
	      depth of the image

       -display <host:display[.screen]>
	      specifies the X server to contact

       -dispose <method>
	      GIF disposal method

       -dither
	      apply Floyd/Steinberg error diffusion to the image

       -draw <string>
	      annotate an image with one or more graphic primitives

       -encoding <type>
	      specify the font encoding

       -endian <type>
	      specify endianness (MSB or LSB) of output image

       -fill <color>
	      color to use when filling a graphic primitive

       -filter <type>
	      use this type of filter when resizing an image

       -font <name>
	      use this font when annotating the image with text

       -frame <width>x<height>+<outer bevel width>+<inner bevel width>
	      surround the image with an ornamental border

       -gamma <value>
	      level of gamma correction

       -geometry <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}{@} {!}{<}{>}
	      preferred size and location of the Image window.

       -gravity <type>
	      direction primitive  gravitates to when annotating the image.

       -help  print usage instructions

       -interlace <type>
	      the type of interlacing scheme

       -label <name>
	      assign a label to an image

       -matte store matte channel if the image has one

       -mattecolor <color>
	      specify the matte color

       -mode <value>
	      mode of operation

       -monochrome
	      transform the image to black and white

       -noop  NOOP (no option)

       -page <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}{!}{<}{>}
	      size and location of an image canvas

       -pen <color>
	      specify the pen color for drawing operations

       -pointsize <value>
	      pointsize of the Postscript, OPTION1, or TrueType font

       -quality <value>
	      JPEG/MIFF/PNG compression level

       -resize <width>x<height>{%}{@}{!}{<}{>}
	      resize an image

       -rotate <degrees>{<}{>}
	      apply Paeth image rotation to the image

       -sampling_factor <horizontal_factor>x<vertical_factor>
	      sampling factors used by JPEG or MPEG-2 encoder and YUV decoder/encoder.

       -scenes <value-value>
	      range of image scene numbers to read

       -shadow <radius>x<sigma>
	      shadow the montage

       -sharpen <radius>x<sigma>
	      sharpen the image

       -size <width>x<height>{+offset}
	      width and height of the image

       -stroke <color>
	      color to use when stroking a graphic primitive

       -strokewidth <value>
	      set the stroke width

       -texture <filename>
	      name of texture to tile onto the image background

       -tile <geometry>
	      layout of images [montage]

       -title <string>
	      assign title to displayed image [animate, display, montage]

       -transparent <color>
	      make this color transparent within the image

       -treedepth <value>
	      tree depth for the color reduction algorithm

       -trim  trim an image

       -type <type>
	      the image type

       -verbose
	      print detailed information about the image

	      For a more detailed description of each option, see ImageMagick(1).

X RESOURCES
       Montage options can appear on the command line or in your X resource file. Options on  the
       command	line supersede values specified in your X resource file. See X(1) for more infor-
       mation on X resources.

       All montage options have a corresponding X resource. In addition, montage uses the follow-
       ing X resources:

       background (class Background)
	      background color

	      Specifies  the  preferred  color	to  use  for the composite image background.  The
	      default is #ccc.

       borderColor (class BorderColor)
	      border color

	      Specifies the preferred color to use for the composite image border. The default is
	      #ccc.

       borderWidth (class BorderWidth)
	      border width

	      Specifies the width in pixels of the composite image border. The default is 2.

       font (class Font)
	      font to use

	      Specifies  the  name  of	the preferred font to use when displaying text within the
	      composite image. The default is 9x15, fixed, or 5x8  determined  by  the	composite
	      image size.

       matteColor (class MatteColor)
	      color of the frame

	      Specify the color of an image frame. A 3D effect is achieved by using highlight and
	      shadow colors derived from this color. The default value is #697B8F.

       pen (class Pen)
	      text color

	      Specifies the preferred color to use for text  within  the  composite  image.   The
	      default is black.

       title (class Title)
	      composite image title

	      This  resource  specifies the title to be placed at the top of the composite image.
	      The default is not to place a title at the top of the composite image.

ENVIRONMENT
       DISPLAY
	      To get the default host, display number, and screen.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       The MIT X Consortium for making network transparent graphics a reality.

       Michael Halle, Spatial Imaging Group at	MIT,  for  the	initial  implementation  of  Alan
       Paeth's image rotation algorithm.

       David  Pensak,  ImageMagick  Studio,  for providing a computing environment that made this
       program possible.

SEE ALSO
       display(1), animate(1), import(1), mogrify(1), convert(1), composite(1), ImageMagick(1)

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2002 ImageMagick Studio

       Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this soft-
       ware  and  associated  documentation files ("ImageMagick"), to deal in ImageMagick without
       restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
       distribute,  sublicense,  and/or sell copies of ImageMagick, and to permit persons to whom
       the ImageMagick is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

       The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all  copies  or
       substantial portions of ImageMagick.

       The  software  is  provided  "as  is",  without	warranty of any kind, express or implied,
       including but not limited to the warranties of merchantability, fitness for  a  particular
       purpose	and noninfringement.In no event shall ImageMagick Studio be liable for any claim,
       damages or other liability, whether in an action of contract, tort or  otherwise,  arising
       from,  out  of or in connection with ImageMagick or the use or other dealings in ImageMag-
       ick.

       Except as contained in this notice, the name of the ImageMagick Studio LLC  shall  not  be
       used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealings in ImageMagick
       without prior written authorization from the ImageMagick Studio.

AUTHORS
	John Cristy, ImageMagick Studio LLC,
       Glenn Randers-Pehrson, ImageMagick Studio LLC.

ImageMagick			    Date: 2002/02/15 01:00:00			       montage(1)


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