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animate(1)									       animate(1)

       animate - animate a sequence of images

       animate [ options ...] file [ [ options ...] file ...]

       Animate displays a sequence of images on any workstation display running an X server. ani-
       mate first determines the hardware capabilities of  the	workstation.  If  the  number  of
       unique colors in an image is less than or equal to the number the workstation can support,
       the image is displayed in an X window. Otherwise the number of  colors  in  the	image  is
       first reduced to match the color resolution of the workstation before it is displayed.

       This  means  that a continuous-tone 24 bits-per-pixel image can display on a 8 bit pseudo-
       color device or monochrome device. In most  instances  the  reduced  color  image  closely
       resembles  the  original.  Alternatively,  a monochrome or pseudo-color image sequence can
       display on a continuous-tone 24 bits-per-pixel device.

       To help prevent color flashing on X server visuals that have colormaps, animate creates	a
       single  colormap from the image sequence. This can be rather time consuming. You can speed
       this operation up by reducing the colors in the	image  before  you  "animate"  them.  Use
       mogrify	to  color  reduce  the	images	to a single colormap. See mogrify(1) for details.
       Alternatively, you can use a Standard Colormap; or a static, direct, or true color visual.
       You can define a Standard Colormap with xstdcmap. See xstdcmap(1) for details. This method
       is recommended for colormapped X server because it eliminates the need to compute a global

       To animate a set of images of a cockatoo, use:

	   animate cockatoo.*

       To animate a cockatoo image sequence while using the Standard Colormap best, use:

	   xstdcmap -best
	   animate -map best cockatoo.*

       To animate an image of a cockatoo without a border centered on a backdrop, use:

	   animate +borderwidth -backdrop cockatoo.*

       For a more detailed description of each option, see ImageMagick(1).

       -backdrop <color>
	      display the image centered on a backdrop.

       -background <color>
	      the background color

       -bordercolor <color>
	      the border color

       -borderwidth <geometry>
	      the border width

       -cache <threshold>
	      megabytes of memory available to the pixel cache

       -chop <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}
	      remove pixels from the interior of an image

       -colormap <type>
	      define the colormap type

       -colors <value>
	      preferred number of colors in the image

       -colorspace <value>
	      the type of colorspace

       -crop <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}
	      preferred size and location of the cropped image

       -debug enable debug printout

       -delay <1/100ths of a second>
	      display the next image after pausing

       -density <width>x<height>
	      vertical and horizontal resolution in pixels of the image

       -depth <value>
	      depth of the image

       -display <host:display[.screen]>
	      specifies the X server to contact

       -dispose <method>
	      GIF disposal method

	      apply Floyd/Steinberg error diffusion to the image

       -font <name>
	      use this font when annotating the image with text

       -foreground <color>
	      define the foreground color

       -gamma <value>
	      level of gamma correction

       -geometry <width>x<height>{+-}<x>{+-}<y>{%}{@} {!}{<}{>}
	      preferred size and location of the Image window.

       -help  print usage instructions

       -iconGeometry <geometry>
	      specify the icon geometry

	      iconic animation

       -interlace <type>
	      the type of interlacing scheme

       -map <type>
	       display image using this type.

       -matte store matte channel if the image has one

       -mattecolor <color>
	      specify the matte color

	      transform the image to black and white

       -name  name an image

       -noop  NOOP (no option)

       -pause <seconds>
	      pause between animation loops [animate]

	      perform a remote operation

       -rotate <degrees>{<}{>}
	      apply Paeth image rotation to the image

       -sampling_factor <horizontal_factor>x<vertical_factor>
	      sampling factors used by JPEG or MPEG-2 encoder and YUV decoder/encoder.

       -scenes <value-value>
	      range of image scene numbers to read

	      use shared memory

       -size <width>x<height>{+offset}
	      width and height of the image

       -text_font <name>
	      font for writing fixed-width text

       -title <string>
	      assign title to displayed image [animate, display, montage]

       -treedepth <value>
	      tree depth for the color reduction algorithm

       -trim  trim an image

	      print detailed information about the image

       -visual <type>
	      animate images using this X visual type

       -window <id>
	      make image the background of a window

	      For a more detailed description of each option, see ImageMagick(1).

	      Any  option  you	specify  on  the  command line remains in effect for the group of
	      images following it, until the group is terminated by the appearance of any  option
	      or -noop.  For example, to animate three images, the first with 32 colors, the sec-
	      ond with an unlimited number of colors, and the third with only 16 colors, use:

		   animate -colors 32 cockatoo.1 -noop cockatoo.2
			   -colors 16 cockatoo.3

	      Animate options can appear on the command line or in your  X  resources  file.  See
	      X(1).  Options  on  the command line supersede values specified in your X resources
	      file.  Image filenames may appear in any order on the command  line  if  the  image
	      format  is  MIFF (refer to miff(5) and the scene keyword is specified in the image.
	      Otherwise the images will display in the order they appear on the command line.

       Press any button to map or unmap the Command widget. See the next section for more  infor-
       mation about the Command widget.

       The Command widget lists a number of sub-menus and commands. They are


	       Auto Reverse





	   Image Info

       Menu  items  with  a  indented triangle have a sub-menu. They are represented above as the
       indented items. To access a sub-menu item, move the pointer to the  appropriate	menu  and
       press  a  button and drag. When you find the desired sub-menu item, release the button and
       the command is executed.  Move the pointer away from the sub-menu if  you  decide  not  to
       execute a particular command.


		    Press to load an image from a file.

		    Press to display the next image in the sequence.

		    Press to speed-up the display of the images.  Refer to -delay for more infor-

		    Press to slow the display of the images.  Refer to -delay for  more  informa-

		    Press  to  display	information  about the image.  Press any key or button to
		    erase the information.
		    This information is printed: image name;  image size; and the total number of
		    unique colors in the image.

		    Press to display helpful information about animate(1).

		    Press to discard all images and exit program.

       Animate	options can appear on the command line or in your X resource file. Options on the
       command line supersede values specified in your X resource file. See X(1) for more  infor-
       mation on X resources.

       All animate options have a corresponding X resource. In addition, the animate program uses
       the following X resources:

	       background (class Background)

		    Specifies the preferred color to use for the  Image  window  background.  The
		    default is #ccc.
	       borderColor (class BorderColor)

		    Specifies the preferred color to use for the Image window border. The default
		    is #ccc.
	       borderWidth (class BorderWidth)

		    Specifies the width in pixels of the Image window border. The default is 2.
	       font (class Font or FontList)

		    Specifies the name of the preferred font to use  in  normal  formatted  text.
		    The default is 14 point Helvetica.
	       foreground (class Foreground)

		    Specifies  the  preferred color to use for text within the Image window.  The
		    default is black.
	       geometry (class geometry)

		    Specifies the preferred size and position of the image window. It is not nec-
		    essarily  obeyed by all window managers.  Offsets, if present, are handled in
		    X(1) style.  A negative x offset is measured  from	the  right  edge  of  the
		    screen  to	the  right  edge of the icon, and a negative y offset is measured
		    from the bottom edge of the screen to the bottom edge of the icon.
	       iconGeometry (class IconGeometry)

		    Specifies the preferred size and position of the application when  iconified.
		    It	is  not  necessarily obeyed by all window managers.  Offsets, if present,
		    are handled in the same manner as in class Geometry.
	       iconic (class Iconic)

		    This resource indicates that you would prefer that the application's  windows
		    initially  not  be	visible as if the windows had be immediately iconified by
		    you. Window managers may choose not to honor the application's request.
	       matteColor (class MatteColor)

		    Specify the color of windows. It is used  for  the	backgrounds  of  windows,
		    menus,  and  notices.  A  3D effect is achieved by using highlight and shadow
		    colors derived from this color. Default value: #ddd.
	       name (class Name)

		    This resource specifies the name under which resources  for  the  application
		    should  be	found.	This  resource	is useful in shell aliases to distinguish
		    between invocations of an application, without resorting to creating links to
		    alter the executable file name. The default is the application name.
	       sharedMemory (class SharedMemory)

		    This  resource specifies whether animate should attempt use shared memory for
		    pixmaps. ImageMagick must be compiled with shared  memory  support,  and  the
		    display  must  support  the  MIT-SHM  extension.  Otherwise, this resource is
		    ignored. The default is True.
	       text_font (class textFont)

		    Specifies the name of the preferred font to use in fixed  (typewriter  style)
		    formatted text. The default is 14 point Courier.
	       title (class Title)

		    This  resource  specifies  the  title  to  be used for the Image window. This
		    information is sometimes used by a window manager to  provide  some  sort  of
		    header identifying the window. The default is the image file name.

	      To get the default host, display number, and screen.


		    The MIT X Consortium for making network transparent graphics a reality.

		    Michael  Halle,  Spatial Imaging Group at MIT, for the initial implementation
		    of Alan Paeth's image rotation algorithm.

		    David Pensak, duPont, for providing a computing environment  that  made  this
		    program possible.
		     Paul Raveling, USC Information Sciences Institute.

		    The  spatial  subdivision color reduction algorithm is based on his Img soft-

       display(1), composite(1), conjure(1), convert(1), identify(1), ImageMagick(1),  import(1),
       mogrify(1), montage(1)

       Copyright (C) 2002 ImageMagick Studio

       Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this soft-
       ware and associated documentation files ("ImageMagick"), to deal  in  ImageMagick  without
       restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
       distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of ImageMagick, and to permit persons  to  whom
       the ImageMagick is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

       The  above  copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or
       substantial portions of ImageMagick.

       The software is provided "as is", without  warranty  of	any  kind,  express  or  implied,
       including  but  not limited to the warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular
       purpose and noninfringement.In no event shall ImageMagick Studio be liable for any  claim,
       damages	or  other liability, whether in an action of contract, tort or otherwise, arising
       from, out of or in connection with ImageMagick or the use or other dealings  in	ImageMag-

       Except  as  contained  in this notice, the name of the ImageMagick Studio LLC shall not be
       used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealings in ImageMagick
       without prior written authorization from the ImageMagick Studio.

	John Cristy, ImageMagick Studio LLC,
       Glenn Randers-Pehrson, ImageMagick Studio LLC.

ImageMagick			    Date: 2002/02/15 01:00:00			       animate(1)
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