Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #272
Difficulty: Easy
Alan Turing, while working at Bletchley, occasionally ran the 40 miles to London when he was needed for meetings there.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

fnmatch(3c) [opensolaris man page]

fnmatch(3C)						   Standard C Library Functions 					       fnmatch(3C)

NAME
fnmatch - match filename or path name SYNOPSIS
#include <fnmatch.h> int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags); DESCRIPTION
The fnmatch() function matches patterns as described on the fnmatch(5) manual page. It checks the string argument to see if it matches the pattern argument. The flags argument modifies the interpretation of pattern and string. It is the bitwise inclusive OR of zero or more of the following flags defined in the header <fnmatch.h>. FNM_PATHNAME If set, a slash (/) character in string will be explicitly matched by a slash in pattern; it will not be matched by either the asterisk (*) or question-mark (?) special characters, nor by a bracket ([]) expression. If not set, the slash character is treated as an ordinary character. FNM_NOESCAPE If not set, a backslash character () in pattern followed by any other character will match that second character in string. In particular, "\" will match a backslash in string. If set, a backslash character will be treated as an ordinary character. FNM_PERIOD If set, a leading period in string will match a period in pattern; where the location of "leading" is indicated by the value of FNM_PATHNAME: o If FNM_PATHNAME is set, a period is "leading" if it is the first character in string or if it immediately fol- lows a slash. o If FNM_PATHNAME is not set, a period is "leading" only if it is the first character of string. If not set, no special restrictions are placed on matching a period. RETURN VALUES
If string matches the pattern specified by pattern, then fnmatch() returns 0. If there is no match, fnmatch() returns FNM_NOMATCH, which is defined in the header <fnmatch.h>. If an error occurs, fnmatch() returns another non-zero value. USAGE
The fnmatch() function has two major uses. It could be used by an application or utility that needs to read a directory and apply a pattern against each entry. The find(1) utility is an example of this. It can also be used by the pax(1) utility to process its pattern operands, or by applications that need to match strings in a similar manner. The name fnmatch() is intended to imply filename match, rather than pathname match. The default action of this function is to match file- names, rather than path names, since it gives no special significance to the slash character. With the FNM_PATHNAME flag, fnmatch() does match path names, but without tilde expansion, parameter expansion, or special treatment for period at the beginning of a filename. The fnmatch() function can be used safely in multithreaded applications, as long as setlocale(3C) is not being called to change the locale. ATTRIBUTES
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ | ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |CSI |Enabled | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |Interface Stability |Standard | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ |MT-Level |MT-Safe with exceptions | +-----------------------------+-----------------------------+ SEE ALSO
find(1), pax(1), glob(3C), setlocale(3C), wordexp(3C), attributes(5), fnmatch(5), standards(5) SunOS 5.11 24 Jul 2002 fnmatch(3C)

Check Out this Related Man Page

FNMATCH(3)						   BSD Library Functions Manual 						FNMATCH(3)

NAME
fnmatch -- test whether a filename or pathname matches a shell-style pattern LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <fnmatch.h> int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags); DESCRIPTION
The fnmatch() function matches patterns according to the rules used by the shell. It checks the string specified by the string argument to see if it matches the pattern specified by the pattern argument. The flags argument modifies the interpretation of pattern and string. The value of flags is the bitwise inclusive OR of any of the following constants, which are defined in the include file <fnmatch.h>. FNM_NOESCAPE Normally, every occurrence of a backslash ('') followed by a character in pattern is replaced by that character. This is done to negate any special meaning for the character. If the FNM_NOESCAPE flag is set, a backslash character is treated as an ordi- nary character. FNM_PATHNAME Slash characters in string must be explicitly matched by slashes in pattern. If this flag is not set, then slashes are treated as regular characters. FNM_PERIOD Leading periods in string must be explicitly matched by periods in pattern. If this flag is not set, then leading periods are treated as regular characters. The definition of ``leading'' is related to the specification of FNM_PATHNAME. A period is always ``leading'' if it is the first character in string. Additionally, if FNM_PATHNAME is set, a period is leading if it immediately follows a slash. FNM_LEADING_DIR Ignore ``/*'' rest after successful pattern matching. FNM_CASEFOLD Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the string. RETURN VALUES
The fnmatch() function returns zero if string matches the pattern specified by pattern. It returns the value FNM_NOMATCH if no match is found. Otherwise, another non-zero value is returned on error. LEGACY RETURN VALUES
The fnmatch() function returns zero if string matches the pattern specified by pattern; otherwise, it returns the value FNM_NOMATCH. SEE ALSO
sh(1), glob(3), regex(3) STANDARDS
The current implementation of the fnmatch() function does not conform to IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2''). Collating symbol expressions, equiv- alence class expressions and character class expressions are not supported. HISTORY
The fnmatch() function first appeared in 4.4BSD. BUGS
The pattern '*' matches the empty string, even if FNM_PATHNAME is specified. BSD
July 18, 2004 BSD

Featured Tech Videos