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OpenSolaris 2009.06 - man page for nispasswd (opensolaris section 1)

nispasswd(1)				  User Commands 			     nispasswd(1)

       nispasswd - change NIS+ password information

       nispasswd [-ghs] [-D domainname] [username]

       nispasswd -a

       nispasswd [-D domainname] [-d [username]]

       nispasswd [-l] [-f] [-n min] [-x max] [-w warn]
	    [-D domainname] username

       The  nispasswd utility changes a password,  gecos (finger) field (-g option),  home direc-
       tory (-h option),  or login shell (-s option) associated with  the  username  (invoker  by
       default) in the NIS+ passwd table.

       Additionally,  the command can be used to view or modify aging information associated with
       the user specified  if the invoker has the right NIS+ privileges.

       nispasswd uses secure RPC to communicate with the NIS+ server,  and therefore, never sends
       unencrypted passwords over  the communication medium.

       nispasswd does not read or modify the local password information stored in the /etc/passwd
       and  /etc/shadow files.

       When used to change a password, nispasswd prompts non-privileged users for their old pass-
       word.   It  then prompts for the new password twice to forestall typing mistakes. When the
       old password is entered, nispasswd checks to see if it has "aged" sufficiently. If "aging"
       is insufficient, nispasswd terminates; see getspnam(3C).

       The  old  password  is used to decrypt the username's secret key. If the password does not
       decrypt the secret key,	nispasswd prompts for the old secure-RPC password.  It uses  this
       password  to decrypt the secret key. If this fails, it gives the user one more chance. The
       old password is also used to ensure that the new password differs from the old by at least
       three  characters.  Assuming  aging is sufficient, a check is made to ensure that  the new
       password meets construction requirements described below. When the new password is entered
       a  second  time,   the two copies of the new password are compared.  If the two copies are
       not identical, the cycle of prompting for  the new password is  repeated  twice.  The  new
       password  is  used  to	re-encrypt  the  user's  secret key. Hence, it also becomes their
       secure-RPC password. Therefore, the secure-RPC password is no longer a different  password
       from the user's password.

       Passwords must be constructed to meet the following requirements:

	   o	  Each	password must have at least six characters.  Only the first eight charac-
		  ters are significant.

	   o	  Each password must contain at least two alphabetic characters and at least  one
		  numeric or special character. In this case, "alphabetic" refers to all upper or
		  lower case letters.

	   o	  Each password must differ from the  user's login  username and any  reverse  or
		  circular  shift  of that login username. For comparison purposes, an upper case
		  letter  and its corresponding lower case letter are equivalent.

	   o	  New passwords must differ from the  old by at least three characters. For  com-
		  parison purposes, an upper  case letter and its corresponding lower case letter
		  are equivalent.

       Network administrators,	who  own  the  NIS+  password  table,  may  change  any  password
       attributes   if	they  establish their credentials (see keylogin(1)) before invoking  nis-
       passwd. Hence, nispasswd does not prompt these privileged-users	for the old password  and
       they are not forced to comply with password aging and password construction requirements.

       Any  user  may  use  the -d option to display password attributes for his or her own login
       name. The format of the display will be:

	 username status mm/dd/yy min max warn

       or, if password aging information is not present,

	 username status


       username    The login ID of the user.

       status	   The password status of username: "PS" stands for password  exists  or  locked,
		   "LK" stands for locked, and "NP" stands for no password.

       mm/dd/yy    The date password was last changed for username. (Note that all password aging
		   dates are determined using Greenwich Mean Time (Universal  Time)  and,  there-
		   fore, may differ by as much as a day in other time zones.)

       min	   The minimum number of days required between password changes for username.

       max	   The maximum number of days the password is valid for username.

       warn	   The	number of days relative to max before the password expires that the user-
		   name will be warned.

       The use of nispasswd is strongly discouraged. It is a wrapper around  the  passwd(1)  com-

       Using  passwd(1)  with the -r nisplus option will achieve the same result and will be con-
       sistent across all the different name services available. This is the recommended  way  to
       change the password in NIS+.

       The login program, file access display programs (for example, ls -l), and network programs
       that require user passwords, for example, rlogin(1), ftp(1), and so on, use  the  standard
       getpwnam(3C)  and getspnam(3C) interfaces to get password information. These programs will
       get the NIS+ password information, which is modified by nispasswd, only	if  the   passwd:
       entry  in  the	/etc/nsswitch.conf  file  includes nisplus. See nsswitch.conf(4) for more

       The following options are supported:

       -a		Shows the password attributes for all entries. This will  show	only  the
			entries  in the NIS+ passwd table in the local domain that the invoker is
			authorized to "read".

       -d [username]	Displays password attributes for the caller or the user specified if  the
			invoker has the right privileges.

       -D domainname	Consults  the  passwd.org_dir  table in domainname. If this option is not
			specified, the default domainname returned by nis_local_directory()  will
			be used. This domainname is the same as that returned by  domainname(1M).

       -f		Forces	the  user  to  change password at the next login  by expiring the
			password for username.

       -g		Changes the gecos (finger) information.

       -h		Changes the home directory.

       -l		Locks the password entry for username. Subsequently,  login(1) would dis-
			allow logins with this NIS+ password entry.

       -n min		Sets  minimum field for username. The min field contains the minimum num-
			ber of days  between password changes for username.  If  min  is  greater
			than  max,  the  user may not change the password. Always use this option
			with the -x option, unless max is set  to -1 (aging turned off).  In that
			case, min need not be set.

       -s		Changes  the  login  shell.  By  default, only the NIS+ administrator can
			change the login shell. The user will  be  prompted  for  the  new  login

       -w warn		Sets  warn field for username. The warn field contains the number of days
			before the password expires that the user will be warned whenever  he  or
			she attempts to login.

       -x max		Sets  maximum  field  for  username. The max field contains the number of
			days that  the password is valid for username.	The  aging  for  username
			will  be turned off immediately  if max is set to -1.  If it is set to 0,
			then the user is forced to change the password	at the next login session
			and aging is turned off.

       The following exit values are returned:

       0     Success.

       1     Permission denied.

       2     Invalid combination of options.

       3     Unexpected failure. NIS+ passwd table unchanged.

       4     NIS+ passwd table missing.

       5     NIS+ is busy. Try again later.

       6     Invalid argument to option.

       7     Aging is disabled.

       8     No memory.

       9     System error.

       10    Account expired.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |      ATTRIBUTE TYPE	     |	    ATTRIBUTE VALUE	   |
       |Availability		     |SUNWnisu			   |

       keylogin(1),  login(1),	NIS+(1), nistbladm(1), passwd(1), rlogin(1), domainname(1M), nis-
       server(1M),  getpwnam(3C),  getspnam(3C),   nis_local_directory(3NSL),	nsswitch.conf(4),
       passwd(4), shadow(4), attributes(5)

       NIS+  might  not be supported in future releases of the Solaris operating system. Tools to
       aid the migration from NIS+ to LDAP are available in the current Solaris release. For more
       information, visit http://www.sun.com/directory/nisplus/transition.html.

SunOS 5.11				    2 Dec 2005				     nispasswd(1)

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