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edit(1) 				  User Commands 				  edit(1)

       edit - text editor (variant of ex for casual users)

       /usr/bin/edit [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]]
	    [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C]
	    [+command | -c command] filename...

       /usr/xpg4/bin/edit [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]]
	    [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C]
	    [+command | -c command] filename...

       /usr/xpg6/bin/edit [-| -s] [-l] [-L] [-R] [-r [filename]]
	    [-t tag] [-v] [-V] [-x] [-wn] [-C]
	    [+command | -c command] filename...

       The  edit  utility  is a variant of the text editor ex recommended for new or casual users
       who wish to use a command-oriented editor. It operates precisely as ex with the	following
       options automatically set:

       novice	   ON

       report	   ON

       showmode    ON

       magic	   OFF

       The following brief introduction should help you get started with edit. If you are using a
       CRT terminal you might want to learn about the display editor vi.

       To edit the contents of an existing file you begin with	the  command  edit  name  to  the
       shell.  edit makes a copy of the file that you can then edit, and tells you how many lines
       and characters are in the file. To create a new file, you also begin with the command edit
       with a filename: edit name; the editor tells you it is a [New File].

       The  edit command prompt is the colon (:), which you should see after starting the editor.
       If you are editing an existing file, then you have some lines in edit's buffer  (its  name
       for  the  copy  of  the file you are editing). When you start editing, edit makes the last
       line of the file the current line. Most commands to edit use the current line  if  you  do
       not  tell  them	which line to use. Thus if you say print (which can be abbreviated p) and
       type carriage return (as you should after all edit commands), the current line is printed.
       If you delete (d) the current line, edit prints the new current line, which is usually the
       next line in the file. If you delete the last line, then the new  last  line  becomes  the
       current one.

       If you start with an empty file or wish to add some new lines, then the append (a) command
       can be used. After you execute this command (typing  a  carriage  return  after	the  word
       append),  edit  reads  lines from your terminal until you type a line consisting of just a
       dot (.); it places these lines after the current line. The last line you type then becomes
       the  current  line.  The  insert (i) command is like append, but places the lines you type
       before, rather than after, the current line.

       The edit utility numbers the lines in the buffer, with the first line having number 1.  If
       you  execute the command 1, then edit types the first line of the buffer. If you then exe-
       cute the command d, edit deletes the first line, line 2 becomes line 1,	and  edit  prints
       the  current  line  (the new line 1) so you can see where you are. In general, the current
       line is always the last line affected by a command.

       You can make a change to some text within the current line by  using  the  substitute  (s)
       command:  s/old/new/  where old is the string of characters you want to replace and new is
       the string of characters you want to replace old with.

       The filename (f) command tells you how many lines there are in the buffer you are  editing
       and  says  [Modified] if you have changed the buffer. After modifying a file, you can save
       the contents of the file by executing a write (w) command. You can  leave  the  editor  by
       issuing	a  quit  (q)  command. If you run edit on a file, but do not change it, it is not
       necessary (but does no harm) to write the file back. If you try to quit	from  edit  after
       modifying  the  buffer without writing it out, you receive the message No write since last
       change (:quit! overrides), and edit waits for another command. If you do not want to write
       the  buffer  out, issue the quit command followed by an exclamation point (q!). The buffer
       is then irretrievably discarded and you return to the shell.

       By using the d and a commands and giving line numbers to see lines in the  file,  you  can
       make  any  changes  you want. You should learn at least a few more things, however, if you
       use edit more than a few times.

       The change (c) command changes the current line to a sequence of lines you supply  (as  in
       append,	you  type lines up to a line consisting of only a dot (.). You can tell change to
       change more than one line by giving the line numbers of the lines you want to change, that
       is, 3,5c. You can print lines this way too: 1,23p prints the first 23 lines of the file.

       The undo (u) command reverses the effect of the last command you executed that changed the
       buffer. Thus if you execute a substitute command that does not do what you  want,  type	u
       and  the  old  contents	of the line are restored. You can also undo an undo command. edit
       gives you a warning message when a command affects more than one line of the buffer.  Note
       that commands such as write and quit cannot be undone.

       To  look  at  the  next	line  in the buffer, type carriage return. To look at a number of
       lines, type ^D (while holding down the control key, press d) rather than carriage  return.
       This shows you a half-screen of lines on a CRT or 12 lines on a hardcopy terminal. You can
       look at nearby text by executing the z command. The current line appears in the middle  of
       the text displayed, and the last line displayed becomes the current line; you can get back
       to the line where you were before you executed the z command by typing ''. The  z  command
       has  other  options:  z-  prints  a  screen of text (or 24 lines) ending where you are; z+
       prints the next screenful. If you want less than a screenful of lines, type z.11  to  dis-
       play  five  lines before and  five lines after the current line. (Typing z.n, when n is an
       odd number, displays a total of n lines, centered about the current line;  when	n  is  an
       even  number,  it  displays n-1 lines, so that the lines displayed are centered around the
       current line.) You can give counts after other commands; for example,  you  can	delete	5
       lines starting with the current line with the command d5.

       To find things in the file, you can use line numbers if you happen to know them; since the
       line numbers change when you insert and delete lines this is somewhat unreliable. You  can
       search  backwards  and  forwards  in  the  file for strings by giving commands of the form
       /text/ to search forward for text or ?text? to search  backward	for  text.  If	a  search
       reaches	the end of the file without finding text, it wraps around and continues to search
       back to the line where you are. A useful feature here is a  search  of  the  form  /^text/
       which searches for text at the beginning of a line. Similarly /text$/ searches for text at
       the end of a line. You can leave off the trailing / or ? in these commands.

       The current line has the symbolic name dot (.); this is most useful in a range of lines as
       in  .,$p  which prints the current line plus the rest of the lines in the file. To move to
       the last line in the file, you can refer to it by its symbolic name $. Thus the command $d
       deletes	the  last  line  in the file, no matter what the current line is. Arithmetic with
       line references is also possible. Thus the line $-5 is the fifth before the last and  .+20
       is 20 lines after the current line.

       You  can  find  out the current line by typing `.='. This is useful if you wish to move or
       copy a section of text within a file or between files. Find the first and last  line  num-
       bers  you wish to copy or move. To move lines 10 through 20, type 10,20d a to delete these
       lines from the file and place them in a buffer named a. edit has 26 such buffers  named	a
       through z. To put the contents of buffer a after the current line, type put a. If you want
       to move or copy these lines to another file, execute an edit (e) command after copying the
       lines;  following the e command with the name of the other file you wish to edit, that is,
       edit chapter2. To copy lines without deleting them, use yank (y) in place  of  d.  If  the
       text  you  wish	to  move or copy is all within one file, it is not necessary to use named
       buffers. For example, to move lines 10 through 20 to the end of the file, type 10,20m $.

       These options can be turned on or off using the set command in ex(1).

       -C			 Encryption option; same as the -x option, except that	vi  simu-
				 lates	the  C command of ex. The C command is like the X command
				 of ex, except that all text read in  is  assumed  to  have  been

       -l			 Set up for editing LISP programs.

       -L			 List  the  name of all files saved as the result of an editor or
				 system crash.

       -R			 Readonly mode; the readonly flag is set,  preventing  accidental
				 overwriting of the file.

       -r filename		 Edit  filename  after	an  editor or system crash. (Recovers the
				 version of filename that  was	in  the  buffer  when  the  crash

       -t tag			 Edit  the file containing the tag and position the editor at its

       -v			 Start up in display editing state using vi. You can achieve  the
				 same effect by simply typing the vi command itself.

       -V			 Verbose.  When  ex commands are read by means of standard input,
				 the input is echoed to standard error. This can be  useful  when
				 processing ex commands within shell scripts.

       -x			 Encryption option; when used, edit simulates the X command of ex
				 and prompts the user for a key. This key is used to encrypt  and
				 decrypt  text	using  the  algorithm of the crypt command. The X
				 command makes an educated guess to determine whether  text  read
				 in  is  encrypted or not. The temporary buffer file is encrypted
				 also, using a transformed version of the key typed in for the -x

       -wn			 Set  the default window size to n. This is useful when using the
				 editor over a slow speed line.

       +command | -c  command	 Begin editing by executing the specified editor command (usually
				 a search or positioning command).

       - | -s			 Suppress  all	interactive  user  feedback.  This is useful when
				 processing editor scripts.

       The filename argument indicates one or more files to be edited.

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability		      SUNWcsu			   |
       |CSI			      Enabled			   |

       |Availability		      SUNWxcu4			   |
       |CSI			      Enabled			   |

       |Availability		      SUNWxcu6			   |
       |CSI			      Enabled			   |

       ed(1), ex(1), vi(1), attributes(5), XPG4(5)

       The encryption options are provided with the Security  Administration  Utilities  package,
       which is available only in the United States.

SunOS 5.11				   11 Jun 2004					  edit(1)
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