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NetBSD 6.1.5 - man page for pcmcia (netbsd section 4)

PCMCIA(4)			   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 			PCMCIA(4)

NAME
     pcmcia -- introduction to PCMCIA (PC Card) support

SYNOPSIS
     pcmcia* at pcic? controller ? socket ?
     pcmcia* at tcic? controller ? socket ?
     pcmcia* at cardslot?

     options PCMCIAVERBOSE

   amiga
     pcmcia* at pccard0

   hpcmips
     pcmcia* at it8368e? controller ? socket ?
     pcmcia* at plumpcmcia? controller ? socket ?

   hpcsh
     pcmcia* at hd64461pcmcia? controller ? socket ?

   sh3
     pcmcia* at shpcic? controller ? socket ?

   sparc
     pcmcia* at nell?

DESCRIPTION
     NetBSD provides machine-independent bus support and drivers for PCMCIA (Personal Computer
     Memory Card International Association) a.k.a.  PC Card, CardBus devices.

HARDWARE
     NetBSD includes the following machine-independent PCMCIA drivers, sorted by function and
     driver name:

   Serial interfaces and modems
	   com	    8250/16450/16550-compatible PCMCIA serial cards and modems.

   Network interfaces
	   an	    Aironet 4500/4800 and Cisco 340 series 802.11 controller.

	   awi	    802.11 controller based on the AMD PCnetMobile chipset.

	   cnw	    Netwave AirSurfer Wireless LAN interface.

	   ep	    3Com 3c589 EtherLink III Ethernet card.

	   mbe	    Ethernet card based on the Fujitsu MB86960A/MB86965A chipset.

	   mhzc     Megahertz Ethernet/Modem combo cards

	   ne	    NE2000 compatible cards.

	   ray	    Raytheon Raylink and WebGear Aviator2.4 802.11 controller.

	   sm	    Megahertz Ethernet card.

	   wi	    Lucent WaveLAN/IEEE and PRISM-II based 802.11 controller.

	   xi	    Xircom CreditCard Ethernet

   SCSI controllers
	   aic	    Adaptec APA-1460 SCSI controller card.

	   esp	    NCR 53C9x, Emulex ESP406, and Qlogic FAS408 SCSI controllers.

	   spc	    Fujitsu MB87030/MB89352 SCSI controllers.

   IDE controllers
	   wdc	    Digital Hinote Ultra Mobile Media Adapter

   Bluetooth devices
	   bt3c     3Com 3CRWB6096 Bluetooth PC Card driver.

	   btbc     AnyCom Bluetooth BlueCard driver.

   USB Controller
	   slhci    Cypress/ScanLogic SL811HS USB Host Controller driver.

SEE ALSO
     aic(4), an(4), awi(4), bt3c(4), btbc(4), cardbus(4), cnw(4), com(4), ep(4), esp(4),
     intro(4), isa(4), mbe(4), mhzc(4), ne(4), options(4), pcic(4), pcmcom(4), ray(4), slhci(4),
     sm(4), spc(4), tcic(4), wi(4), xi(4)

     http://www.pcmcia.org/

HISTORY
     The pcmcia driver appeared in NetBSD 1.3.

BUGS
   IO space conflicts
     NetBSD probes the PCMCIA IO bus width and uses that information to decide where to map
     PCMCIA IO space.  For 10-bit wide cards, 0x300-0x3ff is used.  For 12-bit wide cards,
     0x400-0x4ff is used.

     Neither choice is perfect.  In the 12-bit case, 0x400 appears to work in substantially more
     devices than 0x300.  In the event that PCMCIA devices are mapped in 0x400-0x4ff and appear
     to be nonfunctional, remapping to 0x300-0x3ff may be appropriate; consult options
     PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOBASE and options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOSIZE in options(4).  Example:

	   # Avoid PCMCIA bus space conflicts with the default IO space
	   # allocation on 12-bit wide busses (base 0x300 size 0xff).
	   options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOBASE=0x300
	   options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOSIZE=0x0ff

   Interrupt conflicts
     NetBSD attempts to probe for available interrupts to assign to PCMCIA devices.  In some
     cases, it is not possible to detect all interrupts in use; in such cases, use of options
     PCIC_ISA_INTR_ALLOC_MASK may be necessary.  See options(4).

   Unconfigured devices
     During autoconfiguration, if a message is displayed saying that your card is "not config-
     ured" it indicates that there isn't support for your card compiled into the kernel.  To fix
     this problem, it may simply be a matter of adding the manufacturer and product IDs to the
     PCMCIA database or adding a front-end attachment to an existing driver.  In the latter case,
     it is normally always necessary to get a dump of the CIS table from the card.  You can do
     this by adding options PCMCIACISDEBUG and options PCMCIADEBUG into your kernel config file.
     Additionally, you will have to patch the kernel to enable run-time debugging.  This can be
     done in the source by changing the variables pcmcia_debug and pcmciacis_debug to 0xff.
     Alternatively, you can patch the same variables at run-time using ddb(4).	For most drivers
     you should also consider enabling any driver-specific debugging options.

BSD					 January 3, 2009				      BSD


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