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cardbus(4) [netbsd man page]

CARDBUS(4)						   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						CARDBUS(4)

cardbus, cardslot, cbb -- CardBus driver SYNOPSIS
cbb* at pci? dev? function ? cardslot* at cbb? cardbus* at cardslot? pcmcia* at cardslot? XX* at cardbus? function ? DESCRIPTION
NetBSD provides machine-independent bus support and drivers for CardBus devices. The cbb device represents the CardBus controller. Each controller has a number of slots, represented by the cardslot devices. A slot can have either a CardBus card or a PCMCIA card, which are attached with the cardbus or pcmcia devices, respectively. SUPPORTED DEVICES
NetBSD includes the following machine-independent CardBus drivers, sorted by function and driver name: Network interfaces ath Atheros 5210/5211/5212 802.11 atw ADMtek ADM8211 (802.11) ex 3Com 3c575TX and 3c575BTX fxp Intel i8255x ral Ralink Technology RT25x0 (802.11) rtk Realtek 8129/8139 rtw Realtek 8180L (802.11) tlp DECchip 21143 Serial interfaces com Modems and serial cards SCSI controllers adv AdvanSys 1200[A,B], 9xx[U,UA] ahc Adaptec ADP-1480 njs Workbit NinjaSCSI-32 USB controllers ehci Enhanced Host Controller (2.0) ohci Open Host Controller uhci Universal Host Controller IEEE1394 controllers fwohci OHCI controller Disk and tape controllers siisata Silicon Image SATA-II controllers. DIAGNOSTICS
cbb devices may not be properly handled by the system BIOS on i386-family systems. If, on an i386-family system, the cbb driver reports cbb0: NOT USED because of unconfigured interrupt then enabling options PCI_ADDR_FIXUP options PCI_BUS_FIXUP options PCI_INTR_FIXUP or (if ACPI is in use) options PCI_INTR_FIXUP_DISABLED in the kernel configuration might be of use. SEE ALSO
adv(4), ahc(4), ath(4), atw(4), com(4), ehci(4), ex(4), fxp(4), njs(4), ohci(4), options(4), pci(4), pcmcia(4), ral(4), rtk(4), rtw(4), siisata(4), tlp(4), uhci(4) HISTORY
The cardbus driver appeared in NetBSD 1.5. BUGS
Memory space conflicts NetBSD maps memory on Cardbus and PCMCIA cards in order to access the cards (including reading CIS tuples on PCMCIA cards) and access the devices using the RBUS abstraction. When the mapping does not work, PCMCIA cards are typically ignored on insert, and Cardbus cards are rec- ognized but nonfunctional. On i386, the kernel has a heuristic to choose a memory address for mapping, defaulting to 1 GB, but choosing 0.5 GB on machines with less than 192 MB RAM and 2 GB on machines with more than 1 GB of RAM. The intent is to use an address that is larger than available RAM, but low enough to work; some systems seem to have trouble with addresses requiring more than 20 address lines. On i386, the following kernel configuration line disables the heuristics and forces Cardbus memory space to be mapped at 512M; this value makes Card- bus support (including PCMCIA attachment under a cbb) work on some notebook models, including the IBM Thinkpad 600E (2645-4AU) and the Compaq ARMADA M700: options RBUS_MIN_START="0x20000000" BSD
July 19, 2009 BSD

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PCI(4)							   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						    PCI(4)

pci -- introduction to machine-independent PCI bus support and drivers SYNOPSIS
pci* at mainbus? bus ? pci* at pchb? bus ? pci* at ppb? bus ? options PCIVERBOSE options PCI_CONFIG_DUMP options PCI_ADDR_FIXUP options PCI_BUS_FIXUP options PCI_INTR_FIXUP DESCRIPTION
Other pci attachments are machine-dependent and depend on the bus topology and PCI bus interface of your system. See intro(4) for your sys- tem for details. NetBSD includes a machine-independent PCI bus subsystem and several machine-independent PCI device drivers. Your system may support additional PCI devices. Drivers for PCI devices not listed here are machine-dependent. Consult your system's intro(4) for additional information. OPTIONS
PCI_ADDR_FIXUP Fixup PCI I/O and memory addresses. Some i386 and amd64 BIOS implementations don't allocate I/O space and memory space for some PCI devices -- primarily BIOS in PnP mode, or laptops that expect devices to be configured via ACPI. Since necessary space isn't allocated, those devices will not work without special handling. This option allocates I/O space and memory space instead of relying upon the BIOS to do so. If necessary space is already correctly assigned to the devices, this option leaves the space as is. PCI_BUS_FIXUP Fixup PCI bus numbering; needed for many cardbus(4) bridges. Each PCI bus and CardBus should have a unique bus number. But some BIOS implementations don't assign a bus number for subordinate PCI buses. And many BIOS implementations don't assign a bus number for CardBuses. A typical symptom of this is the following boot message: cardbus0 at cardslot0: bus 0 device 0... Please note that this cardbus0 has a bus number '0', but normally the bus number 0 is used by the machine's primary PCI bus. Thus, this bus number for cardbus is incorrect (not assigned). In this situation, a device located in cardbus0 doesn't show correct device ID, because its bus number 0 incorrectly refers to the primary PCI bus, and a device ID in the primary PCI bus is shown in the boot message instead of the device's ID in the cardbus0. This option assigns bus numbers for all subordinate PCI buses and CardBuses. Since this option renumbers all PCI buses and CardBuses, all bus numbers of subordinate buses become different when this option is enabled. PCI_INTR_FIXUP Fixup PCI interrupt routing via PCIBIOS or ACPI. Some i386 and amd64 BIOS implementations don't assign an interrupt for some devices. This option assigns an interrupt for such devices instead of relying upon the BIOS to do so. If a valid interrupt has already been assigned to a device, this option leaves the interrupt as is. HARDWARE
NetBSD includes machine-independent PCI drivers, sorted by device type and driver name: SCSI interfaces ahc Adaptec 29xx, 39xx, and other AIC-7xxx-based SCSI interfaces. adv Advansys SCSI interfaces. adw Advansys Ultra Wide SCSI interfaces. bha Buslogic BT-9xx SCSI interfaces. dpt DPT SmartCache/SmartRAID III and IV SCSI interfaces. iha Initio INIC-940/950 SCSI interfaces. isp QLogic ISP-1020, ISP-1040, and ISP-2100 SCSI and FibreChannel interfaces. mfi LSI Logic & Dell MegaRAID SAS RAID controllers. mly Mylex AcceleRAID and eXtremeRAID controllers with v6 firmware. nca Domex 536 SCSI interfaces. pcscp Advanced Micro Devices Am53c974 PCscsi-PCI SCSI interfaces. siop Symbios Logic/NCR 53c8xx-family SCSI interfaces. trm Tekram TRM-S1040 ASIC based SCSI interfaces. Disk and tape controllers aac The Adaptec AAC family of RAID controllers. ahcisata AHCI 1.0 and 1.1 compliant SATA controllers. amr The AMI and LSI Logic MegaRAID family of RAID controllers. cac Compaq array controllers. icp ICP Vortex GDT and Intel Storage RAID controllers. mlx Mylex DAC960 and DEC SWXCR RAID controllers. pciide IDE disk controllers. twe 3Ware Escalade RAID controllers. Network interfaces an Aironet 4500/4800 and Cisco 340 series 802.11 interfaces. bnx Broadcom NetXtreme II 10/100/1000 Ethernet interfaces. de DEC DC21x4x (Tulip) based Ethernet interfaces, including the DE435, DE450, and DE500, and Znyx, SMC, Cogent/Adaptec, and Asante single- and multi-port Ethernet interfaces. en Midway-based Efficient Networks Inc. and Adaptec ATM interfaces. ep 3Com 3c590, 3c595, 3c900, and 3c905 Ethernet interfaces. epic SMC83C170 (EPIC/100) Ethernet interfaces. esh RoadRunner-based HIPPI interfaces. ex 3Com 3c900, 3c905, and 3c980 Ethernet interfaces. fpa DEC DEFPA FDDI interfaces. fxp Intel EtherExpress PRO 10+/100B Ethernet interfaces. gsip National Semiconductor DP83820 based Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. hme Sun Microelectronics STP2002-STQ Ethernet interfaces. le PCNet-PCI Ethernet interfaces. Note, the pcn(4) driver supersedes this driver. lmc LAN Media Corp WAN interfaces. msk Marvell Yukon 2 based Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. ne NE2000-compatible Ethernet interfaces. nfe NVIDIA nForce Ethernet interfaces. ntwoc SDL Communications N2pci and WAN/ic 400 synchronous serial interfaces. pcn AMD PCnet-PCI family of Ethernet interfaces. ral Ralink Technology RT2500/RT2600-based 802.11a/b/g wireless network interfaces. rtk Realtek 8129/8139 based Ethernet interfaces. sf Adaptec AIC-6915 10/100 Ethernet interfaces. sip Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900, SiS 7016, and National Semiconductor DP83815 based Ethernet interfaces. sk SysKonnect SK-98xx based Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. ste Sundance ST-201 10/100 based Ethernet interfaces. stge Sundance/Tamarack TC9021 based Gigabit Ethernet interfaces. ti Alteon Networks Tigon I and Tigon II Gigabit Ethernet driver. tl Texas Instruments ThunderLAN-based Ethernet interfaces. tlp DECchip 21x4x and clone Ethernet interfaces. vge VIA Networking Technologies VT6122 PCI Gigabit Ethernet adapter driver. vr VIA VT3043 (Rhine) and VT86C100A (Rhine-II) Ethernet interfaces. wi WaveLAN/IEEE and PRISM-II 802.11 wireless interfaces. wm Intel i8254x Gigabit Ethernet driver. Serial interfaces cy Cyclades Cyclom-4Y, -8Y, and -16Y multi-port serial interfaces. cz Cyclades-Z series multi-port serial interfaces. Audio devices auacer Acer Labs M5455 I/O Controller Hub integrated AC'97 audio device. auich Intel I/O Controller Hub integrated AC'97 audio device. auvia VIA VT82C686A integrated AC'97 audio device. autri Trident 4DWAVE-DX/NX, SiS 7018, ALi M5451 AC'97 audio device. clcs Cirrus Logic CS4280 audio device. clct Cirrus Logic CS4281 audio device. cmpci C-Media CMI8x38 audio device. eap Ensoniq AudioPCI audio device. emuxki Creative Labs SBLive! and PCI 512 audio device. esa ESS Technology Allegro-1 / Maestro-3 audio device. esm ESS Maestro-1/2/2e PCI AC'97 Audio Accelerator audio device. eso ESS Solo-1 PCI AudioDrive audio device. fms Forte Media FM801 audio device. neo NeoMagic MagicMedia 256 audio device. sv S3 SonicVibes audio device. yds Yamaha YMF724/740/744/754-based audio device. Bridges cbb PCI Yenta compatible CardBus bridges. ppb Generic PCI-PCI bridges, including PCI expansion backplanes. Miscellaneous devices bktr Brooktree 848 compatible TV cards. ehci USB EHCI host controllers. iop I2O I/O processors. mr Guillemot Maxi Radio FM 2000 FM radio device. oboe Toshiba OBOE IrDA SIR/FIR controller. ohci USB OHCI host controllers. pcic PCI PCMCIA controllers, including the Cirrus Logic GD6729. puc PCI ``universal'' communications cards, containing com(4) and lpt(4) communications ports. uhci USB UHCI host controllers. viapm VIA VT82C686A hardware monitors. vga VGA graphics boards. SEE ALSO
aac(4), adv(4), adw(4), agp(4), ahc(4), ahcisata(4), amr(4), an(4), auich(4), autri(4), auvia(4), bha(4), bktr(4), bnx(4), cac(4), cbb(4), clcs(4), cmpci(4), cy(4), cz(4), de(4), dpt(4), eap(4), ehci(4), emuxki(4), en(4), ep(4), epic(4), esa(4), esh(4), esm(4), eso(4), ex(4), fms(4), fpa(4), fxp(4), gsip(4), hme(4), icp(4), iha(4), intro(4), iop(4), isp(4), le(4), lmc(4), mfi(4), mlx(4), mly(4), mpt(4), msk(4), nca(4), ne(4), neo(4), nfe(4), ntwoc(4), oboe(4), ohci(4), pcic(4), pciide(4), pcn(4), pcscp(4), ppb(4), puc(4), ral(4), rtk(4), sf(4), siisata(4), siop(4), sip(4), sk(4), ste(4), stge(4), sv(4), ti(4), tl(4), tlp(4), trm(4), twe(4), uhci(4), vga(4), vge(4), viapm(4), vr(4), wi(4), wm(4), wscons(4), yds(4) HISTORY
The machine-independent PCI subsystem appeared in NetBSD 1.2. BSD
April 1, 2010 BSD

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