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cardslot(4) [netbsd man page]

CARDBUS(4)						   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						CARDBUS(4)

cardbus, cardslot, cbb -- CardBus driver SYNOPSIS
cbb* at pci? dev? function ? cardslot* at cbb? cardbus* at cardslot? pcmcia* at cardslot? XX* at cardbus? function ? DESCRIPTION
NetBSD provides machine-independent bus support and drivers for CardBus devices. The cbb device represents the CardBus controller. Each controller has a number of slots, represented by the cardslot devices. A slot can have either a CardBus card or a PCMCIA card, which are attached with the cardbus or pcmcia devices, respectively. SUPPORTED DEVICES
NetBSD includes the following machine-independent CardBus drivers, sorted by function and driver name: Network interfaces ath Atheros 5210/5211/5212 802.11 atw ADMtek ADM8211 (802.11) ex 3Com 3c575TX and 3c575BTX fxp Intel i8255x ral Ralink Technology RT25x0 (802.11) rtk Realtek 8129/8139 rtw Realtek 8180L (802.11) tlp DECchip 21143 Serial interfaces com Modems and serial cards SCSI controllers adv AdvanSys 1200[A,B], 9xx[U,UA] ahc Adaptec ADP-1480 njs Workbit NinjaSCSI-32 USB controllers ehci Enhanced Host Controller (2.0) ohci Open Host Controller uhci Universal Host Controller IEEE1394 controllers fwohci OHCI controller Disk and tape controllers siisata Silicon Image SATA-II controllers. DIAGNOSTICS
cbb devices may not be properly handled by the system BIOS on i386-family systems. If, on an i386-family system, the cbb driver reports cbb0: NOT USED because of unconfigured interrupt then enabling options PCI_ADDR_FIXUP options PCI_BUS_FIXUP options PCI_INTR_FIXUP or (if ACPI is in use) options PCI_INTR_FIXUP_DISABLED in the kernel configuration might be of use. SEE ALSO
adv(4), ahc(4), ath(4), atw(4), com(4), ehci(4), ex(4), fxp(4), njs(4), ohci(4), options(4), pci(4), pcmcia(4), ral(4), rtk(4), rtw(4), siisata(4), tlp(4), uhci(4) HISTORY
The cardbus driver appeared in NetBSD 1.5. BUGS
Memory space conflicts NetBSD maps memory on Cardbus and PCMCIA cards in order to access the cards (including reading CIS tuples on PCMCIA cards) and access the devices using the RBUS abstraction. When the mapping does not work, PCMCIA cards are typically ignored on insert, and Cardbus cards are rec- ognized but nonfunctional. On i386, the kernel has a heuristic to choose a memory address for mapping, defaulting to 1 GB, but choosing 0.5 GB on machines with less than 192 MB RAM and 2 GB on machines with more than 1 GB of RAM. The intent is to use an address that is larger than available RAM, but low enough to work; some systems seem to have trouble with addresses requiring more than 20 address lines. On i386, the following kernel configuration line disables the heuristics and forces Cardbus memory space to be mapped at 512M; this value makes Card- bus support (including PCMCIA attachment under a cbb) work on some notebook models, including the IBM Thinkpad 600E (2645-4AU) and the Compaq ARMADA M700: options RBUS_MIN_START="0x20000000" BSD
July 19, 2009 BSD

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PCMCIA(4)						   BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual 						 PCMCIA(4)

pcmcia -- introduction to PCMCIA (PC Card) support SYNOPSIS
pcmcia* at pcic? controller ? socket ? pcmcia* at tcic? controller ? socket ? pcmcia* at cardslot? options PCMCIAVERBOSE amiga pcmcia* at pccard0 hpcmips pcmcia* at it8368e? controller ? socket ? pcmcia* at plumpcmcia? controller ? socket ? hpcsh pcmcia* at hd64461pcmcia? controller ? socket ? sh3 pcmcia* at shpcic? controller ? socket ? sparc pcmcia* at nell? DESCRIPTION
NetBSD provides machine-independent bus support and drivers for PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) a.k.a. PC Card, CardBus devices. HARDWARE
NetBSD includes the following machine-independent PCMCIA drivers, sorted by function and driver name: Serial interfaces and modems com 8250/16450/16550-compatible PCMCIA serial cards and modems. Network interfaces an Aironet 4500/4800 and Cisco 340 series 802.11 controller. awi 802.11 controller based on the AMD PCnetMobile chipset. cnw Netwave AirSurfer Wireless LAN interface. ep 3Com 3c589 EtherLink III Ethernet card. mbe Ethernet card based on the Fujitsu MB86960A/MB86965A chipset. mhzc Megahertz Ethernet/Modem combo cards ne NE2000 compatible cards. ray Raytheon Raylink and WebGear Aviator2.4 802.11 controller. sm Megahertz Ethernet card. wi Lucent WaveLAN/IEEE and PRISM-II based 802.11 controller. xi Xircom CreditCard Ethernet SCSI controllers aic Adaptec APA-1460 SCSI controller card. esp NCR 53C9x, Emulex ESP406, and Qlogic FAS408 SCSI controllers. spc Fujitsu MB87030/MB89352 SCSI controllers. IDE controllers wdc Digital Hinote Ultra Mobile Media Adapter Bluetooth devices bt3c 3Com 3CRWB6096 Bluetooth PC Card driver. btbc AnyCom Bluetooth BlueCard driver. USB Controller slhci Cypress/ScanLogic SL811HS USB Host Controller driver. SEE ALSO
aic(4), an(4), awi(4), bt3c(4), btbc(4), cardbus(4), cnw(4), com(4), ep(4), esp(4), intro(4), isa(4), mbe(4), mhzc(4), ne(4), options(4), pcic(4), pcmcom(4), ray(4), slhci(4), sm(4), spc(4), tcic(4), wi(4), xi(4) HISTORY
The pcmcia driver appeared in NetBSD 1.3. BUGS
IO space conflicts NetBSD probes the PCMCIA IO bus width and uses that information to decide where to map PCMCIA IO space. For 10-bit wide cards, 0x300-0x3ff is used. For 12-bit wide cards, 0x400-0x4ff is used. Neither choice is perfect. In the 12-bit case, 0x400 appears to work in substantially more devices than 0x300. In the event that PCMCIA devices are mapped in 0x400-0x4ff and appear to be nonfunctional, remapping to 0x300-0x3ff may be appropriate; consult options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOBASE and options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOSIZE in options(4). Example: # Avoid PCMCIA bus space conflicts with the default IO space # allocation on 12-bit wide busses (base 0x300 size 0xff). options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOBASE=0x300 options PCIC_ISA_ALLOC_IOSIZE=0x0ff Interrupt conflicts NetBSD attempts to probe for available interrupts to assign to PCMCIA devices. In some cases, it is not possible to detect all interrupts in use; in such cases, use of options PCIC_ISA_INTR_ALLOC_MASK may be necessary. See options(4). Unconfigured devices During autoconfiguration, if a message is displayed saying that your card is "not configured" it indicates that there isn't support for your card compiled into the kernel. To fix this problem, it may simply be a matter of adding the manufacturer and product IDs to the PCMCIA data- base or adding a front-end attachment to an existing driver. In the latter case, it is normally always necessary to get a dump of the CIS table from the card. You can do this by adding options PCMCIACISDEBUG and options PCMCIADEBUG into your kernel config file. Additionally, you will have to patch the kernel to enable run-time debugging. This can be done in the source by changing the variables pcmcia_debug and pcmciacis_debug to 0xff. Alternatively, you can patch the same variables at run-time using ddb(4). For most drivers you should also con- sider enabling any driver-specific debugging options. BSD
January 3, 2009 BSD
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