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CentOS 7.0 - man page for wnb (centos section 1)

WNB(1)				     WordNettm User Commands				   WNB(1)

NAME
       wnb - WordNet window-based browser interface

SYNOPSIS
       wnb

DESCRIPTION
       wnb()  provides	a  window-based  interface  for  browsing  the WordNet database, allowing
       synsets and relations to be displayed as formatted text.  For each search word,	different
       searches  are available based on syntactic category and information available in the data-
       base.

       wnb is written in Tcl/Tk, which is available for Unix and Windows platforms.  This  allows
       the same code to work on all supported WordNet platforms without modification.

WNB WINDOWS
       wnb()  was  developed  with  the  philosophy that only those searches and buttons that are
       applicable at the current time are displayed.  As a result, the appearance of  the  inter-
       face changes as it is used.  Use the standard windowing system mouse functions to open and
       close the WordNet Browser Window, move the window, and change its size.

       The WordNet Browser Window contains the following areas, from top to bottom:

       Menubar		   A menubar runs along the top of the browser window with pulldown menus
			   and button entitled File, History, Options, and Help.

       Search Word Entry   Below  the  Menubar	is a line for entering the search word.  A search
			   word can be a single word, hyphenated string, or a collocation.   Case
			   is  ignored.   Although  only  uninflected  forms of words are usually
			   stored in WordNet, users may search for  inflected  forms.	WordNet's
			   morphological processor finds the base form automatically.

       Search Selection    Below  the  Search Word Entry line is an area for selecting the search
			   type and senses to search.  Until a search word is entered  this  area
			   is  blank.  After a search word is entered, buttons appear correspond-
			   ing to each syntactic category  (Noun,  Verb,  Adjective,  Adverb)  in
			   which the search string is defined in WordNet.

			   At  the  right edge of the Search Selection line is a box for entering
			   sense numbers.  When this box is empty, search results for all  senses
			   of  the  search  word  that	match the search type are displayed.  The
			   search may be restricted to one or more specific senses by entering	a
			   comma  or  space  separated	list  of sense numbers in the Senses box.
			   These sense numbers remain in effect until either the user changes  or
			   deletes them, or a new search word is entered.

       Results Window	   Most  of  the  browser window consists of a large text buffer for dis-
			   playing the results of  WordNet  searches.	Horizontal  and  vertical
			   scroll bars are present for scrolling through the output.

       Status Line	   A  status  line  is	at the bottom of the browser window.  When search
			   results are displayed in the Results Window, this status line reflects
			   the	type  of  search selected.  When there is no search word entered,
			   your are prompted to "Enter search word and	press  return."   If  the
			   search  word entered is not in WordNet, the message "Sorry, no matches
			   found." is displayed.

SEARCHING THE DATABASE
       The WordNet browser navigates through WordNet in  two  steps.   First  a  search  word  is
       entered	and an overview of all the senses of the word in all syntactic categories is dis-
       played in the Results Window.  The senses are grouped  by  syntactic  category,	and  each
       synset  is annotated as described above with synset_offset, lex_filename, and sense_number
       as dictated by the advanced search options set.	The overview search  also  indicates  how
       many  of  the senses in each syntactic category are represented in the tagged texts.  This
       is a way for the user to determine whether a sense's sense number  is  based  on  semantic
       tagging	data,  or  was	arbitrarily  assigned.	 For each sense that has appeared in such
       texts, the number of semantic tags to that sense are indicated in  parentheses  after  the
       sense number.

       Then,  within  a syntactic category, a specific search is selected.  The desired search is
       performed and the search results are displayed in the Results Window.  Additional searches
       on the same word can be performed, or a new search word can be entered.

       To  enter a search word, click the mouse in the horizontal box labeled Search Word, type a
       single word, hyphenated string, or collocation and press RETURN.

       wnb() responds by making a set of Part of Speech buttons appear in  the	Search	Selection
       line.   Each  button  corresponds  to  a  syntactic category in which the search string is
       defined in WordNet.  At the same time, an Overview of the synsets for all  senses  of  the
       search  word is displayed in the Results Window.  The Overview includes the gloss for each
       synset and also indicates which of the senses have appeared  in	the  semantically  tagged
       texts.	For  each  sense  that has appeared in such texts, the number of semantic tags to
       that sense are indicated in parentheses after the sense number.

       The pulldown menus in the Search Selection line list all of the WordNet searches that  can
       be performed for the search word in that part of speech.  To select a search, highlight it
       by dragging the mouse to it, and release the mouse while  it  is  highlighted.	Drag  the
       mouse  outside  of  the pulldown list and release to hide the menu without making a selec-
       tion.  Dragging the mouse across  the  Part  of	Speech	buttons  displays  the	available
       searches for each syntactic category.

       To  restrict  a search to one or more senses within a syntactic category, enter a comma or
       space separated list of sense numbers in the Senses box before selecting a search.

       After a search is selected, wnb() performs the search on the WordNet database and displays
       the  formatted  results	in  the Results Window.  Whenever search results are displayed, a
       button entitled Redisplay Overview is present at the right edge of the Search  Word  Entry
       line.   Clicking on this button redisplays the Overview of all synsets for the search word
       in the Results Window.

   Changing the Search Word
       A new search word can be entered at any time by moving to the Search Word  Entry  box,  if
       necessary highlighting it by clicking, erasing the old string, typing a new one and press-
       ing RETURN.  The Senses box is cleared if necessary, the Part of Speech buttons applicable
       to the new search word appear, and the Overview for the new search word is displayed.

       The  middle mouse button can also be used to select a new search word by placing the mouse
       over any word in the Results Window and clicking.  The selected word will replace the text
       in  the	Search	Word Entry box, and the overview for that word will automatically be dis-
       played.

       To select a new search string collocation from text in the Results Window,  highlight  the
       text with the mouse and press CONTROL-S.

   Interrupting a Search
       When  a	search	is  in progress the message "Searching...(press escape to abort)" is dis-
       played in the Status Line.  Note that most searches return very quickly, so  this  message
       isn't  noticeable.   As indicated, pressing the ESCAPE key will interrupt the search.  The
       results of the search obtained before the time the search was interrupted are displayed in
       the Results Window.

MENUS
   File Menu
	      Find keywords by substring
		     Display  a popup window for specifying a search of WordNet for words or col-
		     locations that contain a specific substring.  If a search word is	currently
		     entered in the Search Word box, it is used as the substring to search for by
		     default.  The Substring Search Window contains a box  for	entering  a  sub-
		     string,  a  pulldown  menu to its right for specifying the part of speech to
		     search, a large area for displaying the search results, and  action  buttons
		     at the bottom entitled Search, Save, Print Dismiss.

		     Once  a  substring is entered and a part of speech selected, clicking on the
		     Search button causes a search to be done for all words and  collocations  in
		     WordNet, in that syntactic category, that contain the substring according to
		     the following criteria:

		     1. The substring can appear at the beginning or end of  a	word,  hyphenated
		     string o collocation.

		     2. The substring can appear in the middle of a hyphenated string or colloca-
		     tion, but only delimited on both sides by spaces or hyphens.

		     The search results are displayed in the large buffer.  Clicking on  an  item
		     from  the	search results list causes wnb() to automatically enter that word
		     in the Search Word box of the WordNet Browser Window and perform  the  Over-
		     view search.

		     Clicking  the Save button generates a popup dialog for specifying a filename
		     to save the substring search results to.  Clicking the Print  button  gener-
		     ates a popup dialog in which a print command can be specified.

		     Selecting Dismiss closes the Substring Search Window.

	      Save current display
		     Display a popup dialog for specifying a filename to save the current Results
		     Window contents to.

	      Print current display
		     Display a popup dialog in which to specify a print command to which the cur-
		     rent Results Window contents can be piped. Note - this option does not exist
		     in the Windows version.

	      Clear current display
		     Clear the Search Word and Senses boxes, and Results Window.

	      Exit   Does what you would expect.

   History
       This pulldown menu contains a list of the last searches performed.  Selecting an item from
       this  list  performs that search again.	The maximum number of searches stored in the list
       can be adjusted from the Options menu.  The default is 10.

   Options
	      Show help with each search
		     When this checkbox is selected search results are preceded by some  explana-
		     tory text about the type of search selected. This is off by default.

	      Show descriptive gloss
		     When  this  checkbox is selected, synset glosses are displayed in all search
		     results.  This is set by default.	Note that glosses are always displayed in
		     the Overview.

	      Wrap Lines
		     When  this  checkbox is selected, lines in the Results Window that are wider
		     than the window are automatically wrapped.  This is set by default.  If  not
		     selected,	a  horizontal  scroll bar is present if any lines are longer than
		     the width of the window.

	      Set advanced search options...
		     Selecting this item displays a popup window for setting the following search
		     options:	Lexical file information; Synset location in database file; Sense
		     number.  Choices for each are:

			  Don't show (default)
			  Show with searches
			  Show with searches and overview

		     When lexical file information is shown, the name of the  lexicographer  file
		     is printed before each synset, enclosed in angle brackets (<  ...	>).  When
		     both lexical file information and synset location information are displayed,
		     the  synset location information appears first.  If within one lexicographer
		     file more than one sense of a word is entered, an integer lex_id is appended
		     onto  all	but one of the word's instances to uniquely identify it.  In each
		     synset, each word having a non-zero lex_id is printed with the lex_id  value
		     printed  immediately  following the word.	If both lexicographer information
		     and sense numbers are displayed, lex_ids, if present, precede sense numbers.

		     When synset location is shown, the byte offset of the synset in the database
		     "data" file corresponding to the syntactic category of the synset is printed
		     before each synset, enclosed in curly braces ({  ...  }).	When both lexical
		     file  information	and synset location information are displayed, the synset
		     location information appears first.

		     When sense numbers are shown, the sense number of each word in  each  synset
		     is printed immediately after the word, and is preceded by a number sign (#).

	      Set maximum history length...
		     Display  a  popup dialog in which the maximum number of previous searches to
		     be kept on the History list can be set.

	      Set font...
		     Display a popup window for setting the font (typeface) and font size to  use
		     for  the  Results Window.	Choices for typeface are: Courier, Helvetica, and
		     Times (default).  Font size can be small, medium (default), or large.

	      Save current options as default
		     Save the currently set options.  Next time the  browser  is  started,  these
		     options will be used as the user defaults.

   Help
	      Help on using the WordNet browser
		     Display this manual page.

	      Help on WordNet terminology
		     Display the wngloss(7) manual page.

	      Display the WordNet license
		     Display the WordNet copyright notice and license agreement.

	      About the WordNet browser
		     Information about this application.

SHORCUTS
       Clicking  on  any  word in the Results Window while holding down the SHIFT key on the key-
       board causes the browser to replace Search Word with the word and display its Overview and
       available searches.  Clicking on any word in the Results Window with the middle mouse but-
       ton does the same thing.

       Pressing the CONTROL-S keys causes the browser to do as above on the  text  that  is  cur-
       rently highlighted.  Under Unix, this will work even if the highlighted text is in another
       window.	This works on hyphenated strings and collocations, as well as individual words.

       Pressing the CONTROL-G keys displays the Substring Search Window.

SEARCH RESULTS
       The results of a search of the WordNet database are displayed in the Results Window.  Hor-
       izontal and vertical scroll bars are present for scrolling through the search results.

       All  searches  other  than the Overview list all senses matching the search results in the
       following general format.  Items enclosed in italicized square brackets ([ ... ]) may  not
       be present.

       If a search cannot be performed on some senses of searchstr, the search results are headed
       by a string of the form:
	    X of Y senses of searchstr

	      One line listing the number of senses matching the search selected.

	      Each sense matching the search selected displayed as follows:

		   Sense n
		   [{synset_offset}] [<lex_filename>]  word1[#sense_number][,  word2...]

	      Where n is the sense number of the search word, synset_offset is the byte offset of
	      the  synset in the data.pos file corresponding to the syntactic category, lex_file-
	      name is the name of the lexicographer file that the synset comes from, word1 is the
	      first  word  in  the synset (note that this is not necessarily the search word) and
	      sense_number  is	the  WordNet  sense  number  assigned  to  the	preceding   word.
	      synset_offset,  lex_filename,  and  sense_number	are  generated if the appropriate
	      Options are specified.

	      The synsets matching the search selected are printed below each sense's synset out-
	      put  described  above.   Each  line of output is preceded by a marker (usually =>),
	      then a synset, formatted as described above.  If a search traverses more one  level
	      of  the  tree,  then  successive	lines are indented by spaces corresponding to its
	      level in the hierarchy.  Glosses are displayed in parentheses at the  end  of  each
	      synset if the appropriate Option is set.	Each synset is printed on one line.

	      Senses  are  ordered from most to least frequently used, with the most common sense
	      numbered 1.  Frequency of use is determined by the  number  of  times  a	sense  is
	      tagged in the various semantic concordance texts.  Senses that are not semantically
	      tagged follow the ordered senses. Note that this ordering is only an estimate based
	      on usage in a small corpus.

	      Verb  senses  can  be grouped by similarity of meaning, rather than ordered by fre-
	      quency of use.  When the "Synonyms, grouped  by  similarity"  search  is	selected,
	      senses  that are close in meaning are printed together, with a line of dashes indi-
	      cating the end of a group.   See	wngroups(7)  for  a  discussion  how  senses  are
	      grouped.

	      The  output  of the "Derivationally Related Forms" search shows word forms that are
	      morphologically related to searchstr. Each word form pointed to from  searchstr  is
	      displayed,  preceded  by	RELATED TO-> and the syntactic category of the link, fol-
	      lowed, on the next line, by its synset.  Printed after the word form is #n where	n
	      indicates the WordNet sense number of the term pointed to.

	      The  "Domain"  and  "Domain  Terms" searches show the domain that a synset has been
	      classified in and, conversely, all of the terms that have been assigned to  a  spe-
	      cific  domain.   A  domain  is either a TOPIC, REGION or USAGE, as reflected in the
	      specific pointer character stored in the database, and displayed in the output.	A
	      Domain  search  on  a  term  shows  the domain, if any, that each synset containing
	      searchstr has been classified in.  The output display shows the domain type (TOPIC,
	      REGION  or  USAGE), followed by the syntactic category of the domain synset and the
	      terms in the synset.  Each term is followed by #n where  n  indicates  the  WordNet
	      sense  number  of  the  term.   The converse search, Domain Terms, shows all of the
	      synsets that have been placed into the domain searchstr, with analogous markers.

	      When the "Sentence Frames" search is specified, sample illustrative  sentences  and
	      generic  sentence  frames  are  displayed.  If a sample sentence is found, the base
	      form of the search word is substituted into the sentence, and it is  printed  below
	      the  synset, preceded with the EX: marker.  When no sample sentences are found, the
	      generic sentence frames are displayed.  Sentence frames that are acceptable for all
	      words  in a synset are preceded by the marker *>.  If a frame is acceptable for the
	      search word only, it is preceded by the marker =>.

	      Search results for adjectives are slightly different from those for other parts  of
	      speech.	When  an adjective is printed, its direct antonym, if it has one, is also
	      printed in parentheses.  When the search word is in a head synset, all of the  head
	      synset's	satellites  are also displayed.  The position of an adjective in relation
	      to the noun may be restricted to the prenominal, postnominal or  predicative  posi-
	      tion.  Where present, these restrictions are noted in parentheses.

	      When an adjective is a participle of a verb, the output indicates the verb and dis-
	      plays its synset.

	      When an adverb is derived from an adjective, the specific adjectival sense on which
	      it is based is indicated.

	      The  morphological  transformations performed by the search code may result in more
	      than one word to search for.  wnb() automatically performs the requested search  on
	      all  of the strings and returns the results grouped by word.  For example, the verb
	      saw is both the present tense of saw and the past tense of see.  When there is more
	      than one word to search for, search results are grouped by word.

DIAGNOSTICS
       If  the	WordNet  database  files cannot be opened, error messages are displayed.  This is
       usually corrected by setting the environment variables described below to the proper loca-
       tion of the WordNet database for your installation.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES (UNIX)
       WNHOME		   Base directory for WordNet.	Default is /usr/local/WordNet-3.0.

       WNSEARCHDIR	   Directory  in  which the WordNet database has been installed.  Default
			   is WNHOME/dict.

REGISTRY (WINDOWS)
       HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\WordNet\3.0\WNHome
			   Base directory for WordNet.	Default is C:\Program Files\WordNet\3.0.

       HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\WordNet\3.0\wnres
			   User's default browser options.

FILES
       index.pos	   database index files

       data.pos 	   database data files

       *.vrb		   files of sentences illustrating the use of verbs

       pos.exc		   morphology exception lists

SEE ALSO
       wnintro(1), wn(1), wnintro(3), lexnames(5), senseidx(5), wndb(5),  wninput(5),  morphy(7),
       wngloss(7), wngroups(7).

BUGS
       Please reports bugs to wordnet@princeton.edu.

WordNet 3.0				     Dec 2006					   WNB(1)


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