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CentOS 7.0 - man page for wn (centos section 1)

WN(1)				     WordNettm User Commands				    WN(1)

       wn - command line interface to WordNet lexical database

       wn [ searchstr ] [ -h] [ -g ] [ -a ] [ -l ] [ -o ] [ -s ] [ -n# ] [ search_option... ]

       wn() provides a command line interface to the WordNet database, allowing synsets and rela-
       tions to be displayed as formatted text.  For each word, different searches are	provided,
       based on syntactic category and pointer types.  Although only base forms of words are usu-
       ally stored in WordNet, users may search for inflected forms.  A morphological process  is
       applied to the search string to generate a form that is present in WordNet.

       The  command  line  interface  is often useful when writing scripts to extract information
       from the WordNet database.  Post-processing of the output with various scripting tools can
       reformat the results as desired.

       -h	      Print help text before search results.

       -g	      Display textual glosses associated with synsets.

       -a	      Display lexicographer file information.

       -o	      Display synset offset of each synset.

       -s	      Display each word's sense numbers in synsets.

       -l	      Display the WordNet copyright notice, version number, and license.

       -n#	      Perform search on sense number # only.

       -over	      Display overview of all senses of searchstr in all syntactic categories.

   Search Options
       Note  that  the last letter of search_option generally denotes the part of speech that the
       search applies to: n for nouns, v for verbs, a for adjectives, and r for adverbs.   Multi-
       ple  searches may be done for searchstr with a single command by specifying all the appro-
       priate search options.

       -syns(n | v | a | r)
		      Display synonyms and immediate hypernyms of synsets  containing  searchstr.
		      Synsets  are  ordered  by  estimated  frequency of use.  For adjectives, if
		      searchstr is in a head synset, the cluster's  satellite  synsets	are  dis-
		      played  in  place of hypernyms.  If searchstr is in a satellite synset, its
		      head synset is also displayed.

       -simsv	      Display verb synonyms and immediate hypernyms of synsets containing search-
		      str.  Synsets are grouped by similarity of meaning.

       -ants(n | v | a | r)
		      Display  synsets	containing  antonyms  of  searchstr.   For adjectives, if
		      searchstr is in a head synset, searchstr has a direct  antonym.	The  head
		      synset  for the direct antonym is displayed along with the direct antonym's
		      satellite synsets.  If searchstr is in a satellite synset, searchstr has an
		      indirect antonym via the head synset, which is displayed.

       -faml(n | v | a | r)
		      Display familiarity and polysemy information for searchstr.

       -hype(n | v)   Recursively  display hypernym (superordinate) tree for searchstr (searchstr
		      IS A KIND OF _____ relation).

       -hypo(n | v)   Display immediate hyponyms (subordinates) for searchstr (_____ IS A KIND OF
		      searchstr relation).

       -tree(n | v)   Display  hyponym	(subordinate)  tree  for  searchstr.  This is a recursive
		      search that finds the hyponyms of each hyponym.

       -coor(n | v)   Display the coordinates (sisters) of searchstr.	This  search  prints  the
		      immediate  hypernym  for each synset that contains searchstr and the hyper-
		      nym's immediate hyponyms.

       -deri(n | v)   Display derivational morphology links between noun and verb forms.

       -domn(n | v | a | r)
		      Display domain that searchstr has been classified in.

       -domt(n | v | a | r)
		      Display all terms classified as members of the searchstr's domain.

       -subsn	      Display substance meronyms of searchstr (HAS SUBSTANCE relation).

       -partn	      Display part meronyms of searchstr (HAS PART relation).

       -membn	      Display member meronyms of searchstr (HAS MEMBER relation).

       -meron	      Display all meronyms of searchstr (HAS  PART,  HAS  MEMBER,  HAS	SUBSTANCE

       -hmern	      Display  meronyms  for  searchstr  tree.	 This  is a recursive search that
		      prints all the meronyms of searchstr and all of its hypernyms.

       -sprtn	      Display part of holonyms of searchstr (PART OF relation).

       -smemn	      Display member of holonyms of searchstr (MEMBER OF relation).

       -ssubn	      Display substance of holonyms of searchstr (SUBSTANCE OF relation).

       -holon	      Display all holonyms of searchstr (PART OF, MEMBER OF, SUBSTANCE	OF  rela-

       -hholn	      Display  holonyms  for  searchstr  tree.	 This  is a recursive search that
		      prints all the holonyms of searchstr and all of each holonym's holonyms.

       -entav	      Display entailment relations of searchstr.

       -framv	      Display applicable verb sentence frames for searchstr.

       -causv	      Display cause to relations of searchstr.

	-pert(a | r)  Display pertainyms of searchstr.

	-attr(n | a)  Display adjective values for noun attribute, or noun attributes  of  adjec-
		      tive values.

       -grep(n | v | a | r)
		      List compound words containing searchstr as a substring.

       The  results  of a search are written to the standard output.  For each search, the output
       consists a one line description of the search, followed by the search results.

       All searches other than -over list all senses matching the search results in the following
       general	format.   Items  enclosed  in  italicized  square  brackets  ([ ... ]) may not be

	      One line listing the number of senses matching the search request.

	      Each sense matching the search requested displayed as follows:

		   Sense n
		   [{synset_offset}] [<lex_filename>]  word1[#sense_number][,  word2...]

	      Where n is the sense number of the search word, synset_offset is the byte offset of
	      the  synset in the data.pos file corresponding to the syntactic category, lex_file-
	      name is the name of the lexicographer file that the synset comes from, word1 is the
	      first  word  in  the synset (note that this is not necessarily the search word) and
	      sense_number  is	the  WordNet  sense  number  assigned  to  the	preceding   word.
	      synset_offset, lex_filename, and sense_number are generated when the -o, -a, and -s
	      options, respectively, are specified.

	      The synsets matching the search requested are printed  below  each  sense's  synset
	      output  described above.	Each line of output is preceded by a marker (usually =>),
	      then a synset, formatted as described above.  If a search traverses more one  level
	      of  the  tree,  then  successive	lines are indented by spaces corresponding to its
	      level in the hierarchy.  When the -g option is specified, synset glosses	are  dis-
	      played  in  parentheses  at  the end of each synset.  Each synset is printed on one

	      Senses are generally ordered from most to least frequently used, with the most com-
	      mon  sense  numbered  1.	 Frequency  of use is determined by the number of times a
	      sense is tagged in the various semantic concordance texts.   Senses  that  are  not
	      semantically  tagged follow the ordered senses.  Note that this ordering is only an
	      estimate based on usage in a small corpus.

	      Verb senses can be grouped by similarity of meaning, rather than	ordered  by  fre-
	      quency  of  use.	 The  -simsv  search  prints all senses that are close in meaning
	      together, with a line of dashes indicating the end of a group.  See wngroups(7) for
	      a discussion of how senses are grouped.

	      The  -over  search displays an overview of all the senses of the search word in all
	      syntactic categories.  The results of this search are similar to the -syns  search,
	      however  no additional (ex. hypernym) synsets are displayed, and synset glosses are
	      always printed.  The senses are grouped by syntactic category, and each  synset  is
	      annotated  as described above with synset_offset, lex_filename, and sense_number as
	      dictated by the -o, -a, and -s options.  The overview  search  also  indicates  how
	      many  of the senses in each syntactic category are represented in the tagged texts.
	      This is a way for the user to determine whether a sense's sense number is based  on
	      semantic	tagging  data,	or  was  arbitrarily  assigned.   For each sense that has
	      appeared in such texts, the number of semantic tags to that sense are indicated  in
	      parentheses after the sense number.

	      If a search cannot be performed on some senses of searchstr, the search results are
	      headed by a string of the form:
		   X of Y senses of searchstr

	      The output of the -deri search shows word forms that are morphologically related to
	      searchstr.  Each	word  form  pointed  to  from searchstr is displayed, preceded by
	      RELATED TO-> and the syntactic category of the link, followed, on the next line, by
	      its  synset.  Printed after the word form is #n where n indicates the WordNet sense
	      number of the term pointed to.

	      The -domn and -domt searches show the domain that a synset has been  classified  in
	      and,  conversely, all of the terms that have been assigned to a specific domain.	A
	      domain is either a TOPIC, REGION or USAGE, as reflected  in  the	specific  pointer
	      character stored in the database, and displayed in the output.  A -domn search on a
	      term shows the domain, if any, that each synset containing searchstr has been clas-
	      sified in.  The output display shows the domain type (TOPIC, REGION or USAGE), fol-
	      lowed by the syntactic category of the domain synset and the terms in  the  synset.
	      Each term is followed by #n where n indicates the WordNet sense number of the term.
	      The converse search, -domt, shows all of the synsets that have been placed into the
	      domain searchstr, with analogous markers.

	      When -framv is specified, sample illustrative sentences and generic sentence frames
	      are displayed.  If a sample sentence is found, the base form of search  is  substi-
	      tuted  into the sentence, and it is printed below the synset, preceded with the EX:
	      marker.  When no sample sentences are found, the generic sentence frames	are  dis-
	      played.  Sentence frames that are acceptable for all words in a synset are preceded
	      by the marker *>.  If a frame is acceptable for the search word only,  it  is  pre-
	      ceded by the marker =>.

	      Search  results for adjectives are slightly different from those for other parts of
	      speech.  When an adjective is printed, its direct antonym, if it has one,  is  also
	      printed  in  parentheses.   When	searchstr  is  in  a head synset, all of the head
	      synset's satellites are also displayed.  The position of an adjective  in  relation
	      to  the  noun may be restricted to the prenominal, postnominal or predicative posi-
	      tion.  Where present, these restrictions are noted in parentheses.

	      When an adjective is a participle of a verb, the output indicates the verb and dis-
	      plays its synset.

	      When an adverb is derived from an adjective, the specific adjectival sense on which
	      it is based is indicated.

	      The morphological transformations performed by the search code may result  in  more
	      than  one  word to search for.  WordNet automatically performs the requested search
	      on all of the strings and returns the results grouped by word.   For  example,  the
	      verb  saw  is both the present tense of saw and the past tense of see.  When passed
	      searchstr saw, WordNet performs the desired search first on saw and  next  on  see,
	      returning the list of saw senses and search results, followed by those for see.

       wn()  normally  exits  with the number of senses displayed.  If searchword is not found in
       WordNet, it exits with 0.

       If the WordNet database cannot be opened, an error messages is displayed  and  wn()  exits
       with -1.

       WNHOME		   Base directory for WordNet.	Default is /usr/local/WordNet-3.0.

       WNSEARCHDIR	   Directory  in  which the WordNet database has been installed.  Default
			   is WNHOME/dict.

			   Base directory for WordNet.	Default is C:\Program Files\WordNet\3.0.

       index.pos	   database index files

       data.pos 	   database data files

       *.vrb		   files of sentences illustrating the use of verbs

       pos.exc		   morphology exception lists

       wnintro(1), wnb(1), wnintro(3), lexnames(5), senseidx(5) wndb(5),  wninput(5),  morphy(7),
       wngloss(7), wngroups(7).

       Please report bugs to wordnet@princeton.edu.

WordNet 3.0				     Dec 2006					    WN(1)

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