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CentOS 7.0 - man page for gnutls-serv (centos section 1)

gnutls-serv(1)				  User Commands 			   gnutls-serv(1)

NAME
       gnutls-serv - GnuTLS server

SYNOPSIS
       gnutls-serv [-flag [value]]... [--opt-name[[=| ]value]]...

       All arguments must be options.

DESCRIPTION
       Server program that listens to incoming TLS connections.

OPTIONS
       -d number, --debug=number
	      Enable debugging..  This option takes an integer number as its argument.	The value
	      of number is constrained to being:
		  in the range	0 through 9999

	      Specifies the debug level.

       --noticket
	      Don't accept session tickets.

       -g, --generate
	      Generate Diffie-Hellman and RSA-export parameters.

       -q, --quiet
	      Suppress some messages.

       --nodb Do not use a resumption database.

       --http Act as an HTTP server.

       --echo Act as an Echo server.

       -u, --udp
	      Use DTLS (datagram TLS) over UDP.

       --mtu=number
	      Set MTU for datagram TLS.  This option takes an integer number as its argument.
	      The value of number is constrained to being:
		  in the range	0 through 17000

       --srtp-profiles=string
	      Offer SRTP profiles.

       -a, --disable-client-cert
	      Do not request a client certificate.

       -r, --require-client-cert
	      Require a client certificate.

       -b, --heartbeat
	      Activate heartbeat support.

	      Regularly ping client via heartbeat extension messages

       --x509fmtder
	      Use DER format for certificates to read from.

       --priority=string
	      Priorities string.

	      TLS algorithms and protocols to enable. You can use predefined sets of ciphersuites
	      such as PERFORMANCE, NORMAL, SECURE128, SECURE256.

	      Check  the  GnuTLS  manual  on  section  "Priority strings" for more information on
	      allowed keywords

       --dhparams=file
	      DH params file to use.

       --x509cafile=string
	      Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --x509crlfile=file
	      CRL file to use.

       --pgpkeyfile=file
	      PGP Key file to use.

       --pgpkeyring=file
	      PGP Key ring file to use.

       --pgpcertfile=file
	      PGP Public Key (certificate) file to use.

       --x509keyfile=string
	      X.509 key file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --x509certfile=string
	      X.509 Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --x509dsakeyfile=string
	      Alternative X.509 key file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --x509dsacertfile=string
	      Alternative X.509 Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --x509ecckeyfile=string
	      Alternative X.509 key file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --x509ecccertfile=string
	      Alternative X.509 Certificate file or PKCS #11 URL to use.

       --pgpsubkey=string
	      PGP subkey to use (hex or auto).

       --srppasswd=file
	      SRP password file to use.

       --srppasswdconf=file
	      SRP password configuration file to use.

       --pskpasswd=file
	      PSK password file to use.

       --pskhint=string
	      PSK identity hint to use.

       --ocsp-response=file
	      The OCSP response to send to client.

	      If the client requested an OCSP response, return data from this file to the client.

       -p number, --port=number
	      The port to connect to.  This option takes an integer number as its argument.

       -l, --list
	      Print a list of the supported algorithms and modes.

	      Print a list of the supported algorithms and modes. If a priority string is given
	      then only the enabled ciphersuites are shown.

       -h, --help
	      Display usage information and exit.

       -!, --more-help
	      Pass the extended usage information through a pager.

       -v [{v|c|n}], --version[={v|c|n}]
	      Output version of program and exit.  The default mode is `v', a simple version.
	      The `c' mode will print copyright information and `n' will print the full copyright
	      notice.

EXAMPLES
       Running your own TLS server based on GnuTLS can be useful when debugging clients and/or
       GnuTLS itself.  This section describes how to use gnutls-serv as a simple HTTPS server.

       The most basic server can be started as:

	   gnutls-serv --http

       It will only support anonymous ciphersuites, which many TLS clients refuse to use.

       The next step is to add support for X.509.  First we generate a CA:

	   $ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-ca-key.pem
	   $ echo 'cn = GnuTLS test CA' > ca.tmpl
	   $ echo 'ca' >> ca.tmpl
	   $ echo 'cert_signing_key' >> ca.tmpl
	   $ certtool --generate-self-signed --load-privkey x509-ca-key.pem   --template ca.tmpl --outfile x509-ca.pem

       Then generate a server certificate.  Remember to change the dns_name value to the name of
       your server host, or skip that command to avoid the field.

	   $ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-server-key.pem
	   $ echo 'organization = GnuTLS test server' > server.tmpl
	   $ echo 'cn = test.gnutls.org' >> server.tmpl
	   $ echo 'tls_www_server' >> server.tmpl
	   $ echo 'encryption_key' >> server.tmpl
	   $ echo 'signing_key' >> server.tmpl
	   $ echo 'dns_name = test.gnutls.org' >> server.tmpl
	   $ certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey x509-server-key.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-ca-key.pem	--template server.tmpl --outfile x509-server.pem

       For use in the client, you may want to generate a client certificate as well.

	   $ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-client-key.pem
	   $ echo 'cn = GnuTLS test client' > client.tmpl
	   $ echo 'tls_www_client' >> client.tmpl
	   $ echo 'encryption_key' >> client.tmpl
	   $ echo 'signing_key' >> client.tmpl
	   $ certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey x509-client-key.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-ca-key.pem	--template client.tmpl --outfile x509-client.pem

       To be able to import the client key/certificate into some applications, you will need to
       convert them into a PKCS#12 structure.  This also encrypts the security sensitive key with
       a password.

	   $ certtool --to-p12 --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem   --load-privkey x509-client-key.pem --load-certificate x509-client.pem   --outder --outfile x509-client.p12

       For icing, we'll create a proxy certificate for the client too.

	   $ certtool --generate-privkey > x509-proxy-key.pem
	   $ echo 'cn = GnuTLS test client proxy' > proxy.tmpl
	   $ certtool --generate-proxy --load-privkey x509-proxy-key.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-client.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-client-key.pem	 --load-certificate x509-client.pem --template proxy.tmpl   --outfile x509-proxy.pem

       Then start the server again:

	   $ gnutls-serv --http 	    --x509cafile x509-ca.pem		 --x509keyfile x509-server-key.pem	       --x509certfile x509-server.pem

       Try connecting to the server using your web browser.  Note that the server listens to port
       5556 by default.

       While you are at it, to allow connections using DSA, you can also create a DSA key and
       certificate for the server.  These credentials will be used in the final example below.

	   $ certtool --generate-privkey --dsa > x509-server-key-dsa.pem
	   $ certtool --generate-certificate --load-privkey x509-server-key-dsa.pem   --load-ca-certificate x509-ca.pem --load-ca-privkey x509-ca-key.pem   --template server.tmpl --outfile x509-server-dsa.pem

       The next step is to create OpenPGP credentials for the server.

	   gpg --gen-key

       Make a note of the OpenPGP key identifier of the newly generated key, here it was
       5D1D14D8.  You will need to export the key for GnuTLS to be able to use it.

	   gpg -a --export 5D1D14D8 > openpgp-server.txt
	   gpg --export 5D1D14D8 > openpgp-server.bin
	   gpg --export-secret-keys 5D1D14D8 > openpgp-server-key.bin
	   gpg -a --export-secret-keys 5D1D14D8 > openpgp-server-key.txt

       Let's start the server with support for OpenPGP credentials:

	   gnutls-serv --http		  --pgpkeyfile openpgp-server-key.txt		  --pgpcertfile openpgp-server.txt

       The next step is to add support for SRP authentication. This requires an SRP password file
       created with srptool.  To start the server with SRP support:

	   gnutls-serv --http		  --srppasswdconf srp-tpasswd.conf	       --srppasswd srp-passwd.txt

       Let's also start a server with support for PSK. This would require a password file created
       with psktool.

	   gnutls-serv --http		  --pskpasswd psk-passwd.txt

       Finally, we start the server with all the earlier parameters and you get this command:

	   gnutls-serv --http		  --x509cafile x509-ca.pem	       --x509keyfile x509-server-key.pem	     --x509certfile x509-server.pem		--x509dsakeyfile x509-server-key-dsa.pem	     --x509dsacertfile x509-server-dsa.pem	       --pgpkeyfile openpgp-server-key.txt	       --pgpcertfile openpgp-server.txt 	    --srppasswdconf srp-tpasswd.conf		 --srppasswd srp-passwd.txt		--pskpasswd psk-passwd.txt

EXIT STATUS
       One of the following exit values will be returned:

       0 (EXIT_SUCCESS)
	      Successful program execution.

       1 (EXIT_FAILURE)
	      The operation failed or the command syntax was not valid.

       70 (EX_SOFTWARE)
	      libopts had an internal operational error.  Please report it to autogen-
	      users@lists.sourceforge.net.  Thank you.

SEE ALSO
       gnutls-cli-debug(1), gnutls-cli(1)

AUTHORS
       Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos, Simon Josefsson and others; see /usr/share/doc/gnutls-bin/AUTHORS
       for a complete list.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2000-2012 Free Software Foundation all rights reserved.  This program is
       released under the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 3 or later.

BUGS
       Please send bug reports to: bugs@gnutls.org

NOTES
       This manual page was AutoGen-erated from the gnutls-serv option definitions.

3.1.18					   20 Dec 2013				   gnutls-serv(1)


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