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timed(8) [bsd man page]

TIMED(8)						      System Manager's Manual							  TIMED(8)

NAME
timed - time server daemon SYNOPSIS
timed [ -t ] [ -M ] [ -n network ] [ -i network ] DESCRIPTION
Timed is the time server daemon and is normally invoked at boot time from the rc(8) file. It synchronizes the host's time with the time of other machines in a local area network running timed(8). These time servers will slow down the clocks of some machines and speed up the clocks of others to bring them to the average network time. The average network time is computed from measurements of clock differences using the ICMP timestamp request message. The service provided by timed is based on a master-slave scheme. When timed(8) is started on a machine, it asks the master for the net- work time and sets the host's clock to that time. After that, it accepts synchronization messages periodically sent by the master and calls adjtime(2) to perform the needed corrections on the host's clock. It also communicates with date(1) in order to set the date globally, and with timedc(8), a timed control program. If the machine running the master crashes, then the slaves will elect a new master from among slaves running with the -M flag. A timed running without the -M flag will remain a slave. The -t flag enables timed to trace the messages it receives in the file /usr/adm/timed.log. Tracing can be turned on or off by the program timedc(8). Timed normally checks for a master time server on each network to which it is connected, except as modified by the options described below. It will request synchronization service from the first master server located. If permitted by the -M flag, it will provide synchronization service on any attached networks on which no current master server was detected. Such a server propagates the time computed by the top-level master. The -n flag, followed by the name of a network which the host is connected to (see networks(5)), overrides the default choice of the network addresses made by the program. Each time the -n flag appears, that network name is added to a list of valid networks. All other networks are ignored. The -i flag, followed by the name of a network to which the host is connected (see networks(5)), overrides the default choice of the network addresses made by the program. Each time the -i flag appears, that network name is added to a list of networks to ignore. All other networks are used by the time daemon. The -n and -i flags are meaningless if used together. FILES
/usr/adm/timed.log tracing file for timed /usr/adm/timed.masterlog log file for master timed SEE ALSO
date(1), adjtime(2), gettimeofday(2), icmp(4P), timedc(8), TSP: The Time Synchronization Protocol for UNIX 4.3BSD, R. Gusella and S. Zatti 4.3 Berkeley Distribution November 17, 1996 TIMED(8)

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timed(8)						      System Manager's Manual							  timed(8)

Name
       timed - time server daemon

Syntax
       /usr/etc/timed [ -i | -n network ][ -E ][ -M ][ -t ]

Description
       The  daemon  synchronizes a host's time with the time of other machines in a local area network running It is normally invoked at boot time
       from the file.

       Servers running slow down the clocks of some machines and speed up the clocks of others to bring them all to the average network time.  The
       average	network  time is computed from measurements of clock differences with the Internet Communication Message Protocol (ICMP) timestamp
       request message.

       The service provided by is based on a master-slave scheme.  When is started on a machine, it asks the master for the network time and  sets
       the host's clock to that time.  After that, it accepts synchronization messages periodically sent by the master and calls the or routine to
       perform any corrections on the host's clock.

       It also communicates with the command to set the date globally, and with the control program, If the machine running  the  master  crashes,
       then  the  slaves  elect  a new master from among slaves running with the flag set.  The flag provides time synchronization on any attached
       networks where no current master server is detected.  Such a server propagates the time computed by the top-level  master.   At	least  one
       daemon on each network must run with the option set to allow it to become a master.

Options
       -E     Overrides  the input of slaves.  Use the flag in conjunction with the flag.  It specifies that a master should not average the times
	      of the slaves to calculate the network time but should distribute the time of its local host as the network time.  This flag  allows
	      a master to distribute time to a network while the network time is controlled by an outside agent such as the Network Time Protocol.

       [-i | -n] network

	      -i     Specifies	a  network  to ignore.	Each network that appears as an argument to the flag is added to the list of networks that
		     will ignore.  If the flag is used, accesses all networks to which the host is connected except for those  networks  specified
		     as arguments to the flag.

	      -n     Specifies a network to use.  When the is started, it gathers information about all the network devices connected to the local
		     host.  If neither the flag nor the flag is used, tries to access all the network devices connected to the	local  host.   The
		     network argument to the flag is the name of a network that should access.

		     If the switch is used, only those networks specified by the flag are accessed.

		     Do not use the and flags together.

       -M     Allows  a  slave	time  server to become a master time server if the master server crashes.  A system running the daemon without the
	      flag set remains a slave.  The daemon checks for a master time server on each network to which it is connected.	It  requests  syn-
	      chronization service from the first master server it locates.

       -t     Enables to trace the messages it receives in the file Tracing can be enabled or disabled with the program.

Restrictions
       Any  system  running with the and options set is eligible to become the master, and distribute its local time to all systems running on its
       network.  Run the Network Time Protocol daemon, instead of to prevent this behavior.

Files
       Invokes the			  daemon each time the system boots

       Tracing file for

       Log file for master

See Also
       date(1), adjtime(2), gettimeofday(2), networks(5), ntpd(8), timedc(8)
       Introduction to Networking and Distributed System Services

																	  timed(8)

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