timed - time server daemon
timed [ -t ] [ -M ] [ -n network ] [ -i network ]
Timed is the time server daemon and is normally invoked at boot time from the rc(8) file.
It synchronizes the host's time with the time of other machines in a local area network
running timed(8). These time servers will slow down the clocks of some machines and speed
up the clocks of others to bring them to the average network time. The average network
time is computed from measurements of clock differences using the ICMP timestamp request
The service provided by timed is based on a master-slave scheme. When timed(8) is
started on a machine, it asks the master for the network time and sets the host's clock to
that time. After that, it accepts synchronization messages periodically sent by the mas-
ter and calls adjtime(2) to perform the needed corrections on the host's clock.
It also communicates with date(1) in order to set the date globally, and with timedc(8), a
timed control program. If the machine running the master crashes, then the slaves will
elect a new master from among slaves running with the -M flag. A timed running without
the -M flag will remain a slave. The -t flag enables timed to trace the messages it
receives in the file /usr/adm/timed.log. Tracing can be turned on or off by the program
timedc(8). Timed normally checks for a master time server on each network to which it is
connected, except as modified by the options described below. It will request synchro-
nization service from the first master server located. If permitted by the -M flag, it
will provide synchronization service on any attached networks on which no current master
server was detected. Such a server propagates the time computed by the top-level master.
The -n flag, followed by the name of a network which the host is connected to (see net-
works(5)), overrides the default choice of the network addresses made by the program.
Each time the -n flag appears, that network name is added to a list of valid networks.
All other networks are ignored. The -i flag, followed by the name of a network to which
the host is connected (see networks(5)), overrides the default choice of the network
addresses made by the program. Each time the -i flag appears, that network name is added
to a list of networks to ignore. All other networks are used by the time daemon. The -n
and -i flags are meaningless if used together.
/usr/adm/timed.log tracing file for timed
/usr/adm/timed.masterlog log file for master timed
date(1), adjtime(2), gettimeofday(2), icmp(4P), timedc(8),
TSP: The Time Synchronization Protocol for UNIX 4.3BSD, R. Gusella and S. Zatti
4.3 Berkeley Distribution November 17, 1996 TIMED(8)