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ctags(1) [bsd man page]

CTAGS(1)						      General Commands Manual							  CTAGS(1)

NAME
ctags - create a tags file SYNOPSIS
ctags [ -BFatuwvx ] [ -f tagsfile ] name ... DESCRIPTION
Ctags makes a tags file for ex(1) from the specified C, Pascal, Fortran, YACC, lex, and lisp sources. A tags file gives the locations of specified objects (in this case functions and typedefs) in a group of files. Each line of the tags file contains the object name, the file in which it is defined, and an address specification for the object definition. Functions are searched with a pattern, typedefs with a line number. Specifiers are given in separate fields on the line, separated by blanks or tabs. Using the tags file, ex can quickly find these objects definitions. If the -x flag is given, ctags produces a list of object names, the line number and file name on which each is defined, as well as the text of that line and prints this on the standard output. This is a simple index which can be printed out as an off-line readable function index. If the -v flag is given, an index of the form expected by vgrind(1) is produced on the standard output. This listing contains the function name, file name, and page number (assuming 64 line pages). Since the output will be sorted into lexicographic order, it may be desired to run the output through sort -f. Sample use: ctags -v files | sort -f > index vgrind -x index Normally ctags places the tag descriptions in a file called tags; this may be overridden with the -f option. Files whose names end in .c or .h are assumed to be C source files and are searched for C routine and macro definitions. Files whose names end in .y are assumed to be YACC source files. Files whose names end in .l are assumed to be either lisp files if their first non-blank character is `;', `(', or `[', or lex files otherwise. Other files are first examined to see if they contain any Pascal or Fortran routine definitions; if not, they are processed again looking for C definitions. Other options are: -F use forward searching patterns (/.../) (default). -B use backward searching patterns (?...?). -a append to tags file. -t create tags for typedefs. -w suppressing warning diagnostics. -u causing the specified files to be updated in tags, that is, all references to them are deleted, and the new values are appended to the file. (Beware: this option is implemented in a way which is rather slow; it is usually faster to simply rebuild the tags file.) The tag main is treated specially in C programs. The tag formed is created by prepending M to the name of the file, with a trailing .c removed, if any, and leading pathname components also removed. This makes use of ctags practical in directories with more than one pro- gram. FILES
tags output tags file SEE ALSO
ex(1), vi(1) AUTHOR
Ken Arnold; FORTRAN added by Jim Kleckner; Bill Joy added Pascal and -x, replacing cxref; C typedefs added by Ed Pelegri-Llopart. BUGS
Recognition of functions, subroutines and procedures for FORTRAN and Pascal is done is a very simpleminded way. No attempt is made to deal with block structure; if you have two Pascal procedures in different blocks with the same name you lose. The method of deciding whether to look for C or Pascal and FORTRAN functions is a hack. Does not know about #ifdefs. Should know about Pascal types. Relies on the input being well formed to detect typedefs. Use of -tx shows only the last line of type- defs. 4th Berkeley Distribution May 30, 1985 CTAGS(1)

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CTAGS(1)						    BSD General Commands Manual 						  CTAGS(1)

NAME
ctags -- create a tags file SYNOPSIS
ctags [-BFTaduwvx] [-f tagsfile] file ... DESCRIPTION
The ctags utility makes a tags file for ex(1) from the specified C, Pascal, Fortran, yacc(1), lex(1), and Lisp sources. A tags file gives the locations of specified objects in a group of files. Each line of the tags file contains the object name, the file in which it is defined, and a search pattern for the object definition, separated by white-space. Using the tags file, ex(1) can quickly locate these object definitions. Depending upon the options provided to ctags, objects will consist of subroutines, typedefs, defines, structs, enums and unions. The following options are available: -B Use backward searching patterns (?...?). -F Use forward searching patterns (/.../) (the default). -T Do not create tags for typedefs, structs, unions, and enums. -a Append to tags file. -d Create tags for #defines that do not take arguments; #defines that take arguments are tagged automatically. -f Place the tag descriptions in a file called tagsfile. The default behaviour is to place them in a file called tags. -u Update the specified files in the tags file, that is, all references to them are deleted, and the new values are appended to the file. (Beware: this option is implemented in a way which is rather slow; it is usually faster to simply rebuild the tags file.) -v An index of the form expected by vgrind(1) is produced on the standard output. This listing contains the object name, file name, and page number (assuming 64 line pages). Since the output will be sorted into lexicographic order, it may be desired to run the output through sort(1). Sample use: ctags -v files | sort -f > index vgrind -x index -w Suppress warning diagnostics. -x ctags produces a list of object names, the line number and file name on which each is defined, as well as the text of that line and prints this on the standard output. This is a simple index which can be printed out as an off-line readable function index. Files whose names end in .c or .h are assumed to be C source files and are searched for C style routine and macro definitions. Files whose names end in .y are assumed to be yacc(1) source files. Files whose names end in .l are assumed to be Lisp files if their first non-blank character is ';', '(', or '[', otherwise, they are treated as lex(1) files. Other files are first examined to see if they contain any Pascal or Fortran routine definitions, and, if not, are searched for C style definitions. The tag ``main'' is treated specially in C programs. The tag formed is created by prepending 'M' to the name of the file, with the trailing .c and any leading pathname components removed. This makes use of ctags practical in directories with more than one program. The yacc(1) and lex(1) files each have a special tag. ``yyparse'' is the start of the second section of the yacc(1) file, and ``yylex'' is the start of the second section of the lex(1) file. FILES
tags default output tags file EXIT STATUS
The ctags utility exits with a value of 1 if an error occurred, 0 otherwise. Duplicate objects are not considered errors. COMPATIBILITY
The -t option is a no-op for compatibility with previous versions of ctags that did not create tags for typedefs, enums, structs and unions by default. SEE ALSO
ex(1), vi(1) STANDARDS
The ctags utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1''). HISTORY
The ctags utility appeared in 3.0BSD. BUGS
Recognition of functions, subroutines and procedures for Fortran and Pascal is done in a very simpleminded way. No attempt is made to deal with block structure; if you have two Pascal procedures in different blocks with the same name you lose. The ctags utility does not under- stand about Pascal types. The method of deciding whether to look for C, Pascal or Fortran functions is a hack. The ctags utility relies on the input being well formed, and any syntactical errors will completely confuse it. It also finds some legal syntax confusing; for example, since it does not understand #ifdef's (incidentally, that is a feature, not a bug), any code with unbalanced braces inside #ifdef's will cause it to become somewhat disoriented. In a similar fashion, multiple line changes within a definition will cause it to enter the last line of the object, rather than the first, as the searching pattern. The last line of multiple line typedef's will similarly be noted. BSD
June 6, 1993 BSD

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