if...elif...fi condition in Unix

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# 1  
Old 09-02-2002
if...elif...fi condition in Unix

Hey guyes!

i have a little problem in if condition, can anybody please solve my problem?

Here what i am doing.
if [ $int1 = $int2 ]
       echo "int1 is equal to int2"
elif [ $int1 > $int2 ]
       echo "int1 is greater than int2"
     echo "int1 is smaller than int2"

No, matter int1 is smaller than int2 it says int1 is greater than int2, even thoug i put small value for int1.

it did not go to last "else" part (int1 is smaller than int2) why ?
am i doing something wrong ? please help me.

Abid Malik

added code tags for readability --oombera

Last edited by oombera; 02-19-2004 at 05:26 PM..
# 2  
Old 09-03-2002
You should use the 'gt' function...(greater than)...or 'lt' less than.

elif [ $int1 -gt $int2 ]
then echo "int one is greater than..........
# 3  
Old 09-03-2002
Just for reference:

is equal to: eq
is not equal to: ne
is greater than: gt
is less than: lt
is greater than or equal to: ge
is less than or equal to: le
# 4  
Old 09-03-2002
I belive that = is usually only used for assigning a value to a variable in most programming languages.

Oombera is right for shell programming. You might need a - in front of those options like -eq, -ne, -gt, etc... .

BTW, the "test" structure that you are using can be used without the "if", if you are not using the if/elif/if/else structure. You can use the [ ] test statement by itself with the else statement. I might be wrong, I haven't used that in a long time. A bit fuzzy on the syntax.

test [ ]

My brain is your Brain...
# 5  
Old 09-03-2002
In most languages, using the = sign in a test statement will simply test whether some number is able to be stored in the variable... resulting in an answer of TRUE and the variable being changed.

Also, I haven't seen "test" be used all by itself. I have seen it be used like:

if test intA -eq intB; then ...

but the brackets are shorter:

if [ intA -eq intB ]; then ...
# 6  
Old 09-03-2002
In the man page it shows an example. But you are correct that test statement is usually used with another structure.

It is usually used in conjuction with some type of conditional statement like while, for, if, until, etc...

while test -r <myfile> # if the file exists


[ ! -f thisfile ] && echo default > thisfile

My brain is your brain....

# 7  
Old 09-03-2002
What shell is this?
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