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Just getting started (beyond newbie)


 
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# 1  
Old 08-24-2002
Computer Just getting started (beyond newbie)

Is there a downloadable set of UNIX commands available?

It seems that with OS X installed, I'm going to have to learn this stuff in order to efficiently and effectively manage my system.

Any help will be greatly appreciated.

I'm sure I'll have more technical questions after I have screwed around in the system and thoroughly messed it up.

Thanks,
F.O.G. [Fat Old Geek]
# 2  
Old 08-24-2002
Bug

Code:
some commands:

ls ................. show directory, in alphabetical order
logout ............. logs off system
mkdir .............. make a directory
rmdir .............. remove directory (rm -r to delete folders with files)
rm ................. remove files
cd ................. change current directory
man (command) ...... shows help on a specific command
talk (user) ........ pages user for chat - (user) is a email address
write (user) ....... write a user on the local system (control-c to end)

pico (filename) .... easy to use text editor to edit files
pine ............... easy to use mailer
more (file) ........ views a file, pausing every screenful

sz ................. send a file (to you) using zmodem
rz ................. recieve a file (to the unix system) using zmodem

telnet (host) ...... connect to another Internet site
ftp (host) ......... connects to a FTP site
archie (filename) .. search the Archie database for a file on a FTP site
irc ................ connect to Internet Relay Chat
lynx ............... a textual World Wide Web browset
gopher ............. a Gopher database browser
tin, trn ........... read Usenet newsgroups

passwd ............. change your password
chfn ............... change your "Real Name" as seen on finger
chsh ............... change the shell you log into

grep ............... search for a string in a file
tail ............... show the last few lines of a file
who ................ shows who is logged into the local system
w .................. shows who is logged on and what they're doing
finger (emailaddr).. shows more information about a user
df ................. shows disk space available on the system
du ................. shows how much disk space is being used up by folders
chmod .............. changes permissions on a file
bc ................. a simple calculator

make ............... compiles source code
gcc (file.c) ....... compiles C source into a file named 'a.out'

gzip ............... best compression for UNIX files
zip ................ zip for IBM files
tar ................ combines multiple files into one or vice-versa
lharc, lzh, lha .... un-arc'ers, may not be on your system

dos2unix (file) (new) - strips CR's out of dos text files
unix2dos (file) (new) - adds CR's to unix text files

----------------
oombera: i added code tags for readability

Last edited by oombera; 02-05-2004 at 03:23 PM..
raju
# 3  
Old 08-24-2002
Computer Thanks

Much appreciated. That should give me enough ammo to fire randomly into the root directory for awhile.

OS X is far too stable. I've been using it for over a year, now, and I still haven't been able to crash it. If I can't blow it up by noodling around in Unix, my self-esteem will be ruined.

Happy Saturday,

F.O.G.
# 4  
Old 08-25-2002
Welcome to the world of Unix. Smilie

Are you just using OS X are you trying some of the other Unix OS's out there?
# 5  
Old 08-25-2002
Computer Good Morning

Just OS X for now. If I get proficient enough fooling round in this OS, I might install a Linux system in one of my old machines, just for fun.

For now, though, it will be enough if I can manage my Hard Drive all by myself.

I've been dinking around in computers' innards since my TS-1000 in 1981. This is the first time I haven't had full access privileges to my own system. That's the only bad thing about OS X that I've seen so far. I understand why it has to be like that, but I don't have to accept it.

Happy Sunday,

F.O.G.
 

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