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# 1  
Old 08-20-2002
placeholders in file names

I am writing a script that looks for files. I need to know if there is a placeholder character when doing this. I know that you can user a wildcard (*) character, but I would prefer to be a bit more specific. When I get files in a specific directory, I know part of the name, but not the rest and I'm interested in determining if a file was placed there today. The naming convention for the files are:



cc is the century
yy is the year
mm is the month
dd is the day

hh is the hour
ii is the minute
ss is the second

The problem is that I can figure out the day, but I have no earthly idea what the time will be! As and example, I could get a file that is named:


This would be a file that was sent on 8/19/2002 at 2:20:30 pm. What I have in my script is:
if [ -f /export/home/INCOME-20020819-*T.zip ]
  echo "Found the file."
  echo "ERROR: Could not find file."

What I would like to know is if there is a placeholder so I could make the if statement something like:

if [ -f /export/home/INCOME-20020819-$$$$$$T.zip ]

where the $$$$$$ represents the time (just a placeholder, not a wildcard).

Please advise.


added code tags for readability --oombera

Last edited by oombera; 02-19-2004 at 03:31 PM..
# 2  
Old 08-20-2002

maybe this can help:

foreach FILE (`ls -1 /export/home/INCOME-20020819-*T.zip )

if -f (/export/home/$FILE) then
    echo "Found the file." 
    echo "ERROR: Could not find file." 


you can modify it to run it in your own shell

added code tags for readability --oombera

Last edited by oombera; 02-19-2004 at 03:31 PM..
# 3  
Old 08-20-2002
if [ -f /export/home/INCOME-20020819-??????T.zip ]

? is a wildcard, but it is a single character. But frankly, I don't understand why you object to:
if [ -f /export/home/INCOME-20020819-*T.zip ]

Do you really have some unwanted files that would match that?
# 4  
Old 08-20-2002
if [ -f /export/home/INCOME-20020819-*T.zip ] works and I found out before I got any replies. I also need the ? placeholder for other things (since this one won't require it, thanks!). One more question. Now that I can tell there's a file there (since the logic said it found the file), how can I determine the real name of the file (the wildcard lets me know there's a match, but doesn't tell me exactly what the name is of the file it found (should never be but one match))? Please advise.

# 5  
Old 08-20-2002
You can just use that pattern where ever you need the name. If you want to store the name in a variable, you could do:
variable=`echo /export/home/INCOME-20020819-$$$$$$T.zip`
# 6  
Old 08-20-2002
When I tried that, it gave me:


There is a file there and it's called:


It almost looks like it duplicated 15531 three times. What I am specifically looking to do is the get the actual name of the file (INCOME-20020819-172152T.zip) so I can unzip it then ftp it somewhere. I know how to do the unzipping and ftping, just don't know how to get the actual name of the file. Please help!


Sorry this is so confusing Smilie
# 7  
Old 08-20-2002
Happened to me too when I tried it.

echo $file

will work, but it gives you the path along with the name...
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