assitance with sed (repeating patterns)

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# 1  
Old 02-02-2008
assitance with sed (repeating patterns)

I need to write a command to look into a text file, find lines that contain patterns of three or more characters that repeat once, and put perenthesizes around them. so for example, the line "123test123" would be changed to "(123)test(123)" and "abcdeabcde" to "(abcde)(abcde)".
any hint is appreciated.
# 2  
Old 02-02-2008

I can help you with 1st query , where you are trying to change "123test123" to "(123)test(123)" .

This can be done easily using SED .

Syntax: sed -e 's/\(123\)/(\1)/g' :--> g parameter will replace the instance globally in file.

Example: echo 123test123 | sed -e 's/\(123\)/(\1)/g'
Output : (123)test(123)

Try this out in your file and let us know how it goes at your end. Smilie

# 3  
Old 02-02-2008
hi thanks for the reply, but I need the sed command to find all repeating patterns itself and put them inside (). I can not specify the pattern for it to look for.
it can be 123 or abc or anything that is repeated through the line.
thank you
# 4  
Old 02-02-2008
Hello Metalwarrior,

Do you have any sigle pattern to replace ?

Or any patter which contains 3 or more than characters ?

# 5  
Old 02-02-2008
ok let's say I have this line for example:
I want the sed automatically find the the repeated patterns and put them in (). so after the chagne it would look like this,
# 6  
Old 02-02-2008
If you have only one or limited patter to replace then it can be done easily with sed as explained earlier.

Please follow the steps.

1) Save thispatternthatpattern in a file called test
2) Now according to you thispatternthatpattern should be converted to this(pattern)that(pattern) .
3) Now type following command
sed -i 's/patter/(pattern)/g' test

4) See the o/p using "cat test". It should be as pasted below.

bash-3.1$ cat test


# 7  
Old 02-02-2008
hi tnx but that's not what I am looking for.
like I said I dont want to specify then pattern for sed.
I want it automatically find all the patterns that are repeated and do something with them. the regular expression would be something like this:
but I can only save the whole thing into register1, I cant distinguish between the first pattern, repeated pattern and possible contents between them.
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