grep command


 
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# 1  
grep command

hi all
i have directory
/usr
under this directory i have subdirectories
tmp1,tmp2,tmp3
like this
/usr/tmp1
/usr/tmp2
/usr/tmp3
and so on
i want to search string in files (i don't know the name of the files)and i want to serch it in all the directories under the /usr
how shell i do that
i'll be glad if you could explain the command too
best regards
# 2  
Code:
find /usr -name "*.*" -exec grep "string-to-search" {} /dev/null \;

See man find for more details and options.
# 3  
hi vino
what is the meaning of
{} /dev/null \;
isn't this if i don't know in which directory to search ?
# 4  
See the man pages of find. Look at the explanation of the flag -exec under the section ACTIONS.

As for /dev/null, it is some hack which makes grep spit out the filename before showing the matching lines.

See this for the difference

Code:
grep $USER /etc/passwd

and
Code:
grep $USER /etc/passwd /dev/null

 

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