Another 'VI' question

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# 1  
Old 01-03-2002
Power Another 'VI' question

I want to know how I can strip and add blanklines from/to a text file with VI.

I have two scenarios that I am currently doing manually - and it's painful.

1) I need to strip any lines that have no characters on them at all..... (:set list shows me $)


2) I need to enter a blank line on every second line of a text file

I've tried the ole
:1,$ s/`\n`//g

and many other combinations - but without joy.... and I'm foreign to sed/awk. (although if theres a way I'd be happy to hear it).

# 2  
Old 01-03-2002
1.)      Strip blank lines with the following command:
         grep "[^$]" in_file > out_file

2.)      :1,$s/$/^M
         This command is like this:
                   a)  Type 1,$s/$/ as in the normal way you would.
                   b)  Hold [CTRL+V] and then [CTRL+M]
                   c)  Ofcourse, hit [ENTER] :D

Hope this has helped you.


Last edited by shaik786; 01-03-2002 at 08:00 AM..
# 3  
Old 01-03-2002
Wow, of all of the different ways I would have though to do #1, I would not have thought of `grep "[^$]"`... Here's some others that work similarly:
grep -v "^$"
sed /^$/d
egrep "^.+$"

And list could go on...

Boy, I LOVE Unix!
# 4  
Old 01-03-2002
And here is an awk solution that will strip blank lines, not only null lines but also empty lines containing only white space (spaces and/or tabs). It is selecting all lines where the number of fields (NF) on a line are greater than zero:

awk 'NF>0' in_file > out_file

And one awk solution to strip just the completely null lines:

awk 'length==0' in_file > out_file

And an awk solution to add a blank line after each line:

awk '{print $0;print ""}' in_file > out_file

Or to insert blank lines only where needed, considering that there might already be some blank lines:

awk '{if (NF>0&&prev>0) print "";print $0;prev=NF}' inf > outf

Last edited by Jimbo; 01-04-2002 at 05:23 PM..
# 5  
Old 01-03-2002
MySQL Brilliant..

Thanks heaps for ALL those suggestions... I didn't think there was a way to do it - and I was right - there's about a million!
# 6  
Old 01-03-2002
simple Elvis (also Vi?) solution

You can also use this command in Elvis, it should work in Vi too probably Smilie


This deletes all blank lines

JP Smilie
# 7  
Old 01-03-2002
Yep - tis good for VI as well.
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