System Calls

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# 1  
Old 10-06-2001
Computer System Calls

What does the system call "dup" do?

What is the difference between dup and dup2

I have a fair idea of what it does but I am confused when its coming down to the exact details...

Please help me!Smilie
# 2  
Old 10-06-2001
dup is a system call vs. dup2 which is a
C library call. As I gather you alreay know,
dup creates a new file descriptor that duplicates
the file descriptor given as the argument:
int dup(int fildes);
...the point here being that the returned file descriptor that the system call returns to you
is the next lowest number available. For instance,
you program has stdin (fd=0) stdout (fd=1) and
stderr (fd=2) and you use: newfd = dup(2);
now newfd = 4 but has all the attributes of
fd 2 (stderr).

The C library call dup2 has 2 arguments...
int dup2(int fildes, int fildes2); using: dup2(1, 2);
the stderr fd 2 will first be closed then opened
(re-created) with all the attributes of file
descriptor 1 (stdout). Basically, it gives you
control over what your new fd number will be.

This isn't a very useful example but
I hope this answers your question.
# 3  
Old 10-06-2001
Bug Thanks rwb1959

Thanks very much.
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