file feed one line per argument

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# 1  
Old 10-05-2001
file feed one line per argument

What tools can I use to accomplish this?
I'm writing a shell script to analyze an inittab file. Here's a sample file:

ioin::sysinit:/sbin/ioinitrc >/dev/console 2>&1
tape::sysinit:/sbin/mtinit > /dev/console 2>&1
muxi::sysinit:/sbin/dasetup </dev/console >/dev/console 2>&1 # mux i
stty::sysinit:/sbin/stty 9600 clocal icanon echo opost onlcr ixon icrn
l ignpar </dev/systty
brc1::bootwait:/sbin/bcheckrc </dev/console >/dev/console 2>&1 # fsck,
link::wait:/sbin/sh -c "/sbin/rm -f /dev/syscon; \
/sbin/ln /dev/systty /dev/syscon" >/dev/consol
e 2>&1
cprt::bootwait:/sbin/cat /etc/copyright >/dev/syscon # legal
sqnc::wait:/sbin/rc </dev/console >/dev/console 2>&1 # syste
m init
#powf:Smilieowerwait:/sbin/powerfail >/dev/console 2>&1 # power
cons:123456:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty console console # syste
m console
#ttp1:234Smilieff:/usr/sbin/getty -h tty0p1 9600 # UPS now using this port
#ttp2:234:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty -h tty0p2 9600
#ttp3:234:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty -h tty0p3 9600
#ttp4:234:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty -h tty0p4 9600
#ttp5:234:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty -h tty0p5 9600
ems1::bootwait:/sbin/rm -f /etc/opt/resmon/persistence/runlevel4_flag
ems2::bootwait:/sbin/cat </dev/null >/etc/opt/resmon/persistence/reboo
ems3:3456:wait:/usr/bin/touch /etc/opt/resmon/persistence/runlevel4_fl
ups::respawn:rtprio 0 /usr/lbin/ups_mond -f /etc/ups_conf

I want to read each line, and do various things, (i.e. ignore lines that begin with #)but what will send each line as an argument?
# 2  
Old 10-06-2001
The basic strategy woudl be to read each
line in a loop:


while read iline
echo $iline
done < /etc/inittab

exit 0

In each iteration of the loop, you have the
entire line in the variable $iline.
From this point, the next step is to process
each line in the loop however you need to.
You can use awk for this task if you desire.

I just gave you the very basics as to not give
away all the answers but it's a least a starting
point Smilie
# 3  
Old 10-07-2001
thanks rwb, exactly what i was looking for. but i'm stuck there now. i was planning to use grep to anaylze inittab, you know, grep lines that begin with a # and ignore them, check the fields...
but how can I pass each line as the argument to grep?
I tried this way, but i'm not quite where I need to be yet:


while read iline
echo $iline|xargs
echo $*
grep ^# $*

as you can see, I"m using the Korn shell..

any more help will be greatly appreciated,

thanks again
# 4  
Old 10-07-2001
I would use a different approach. I would
use grep to remove all the lines that
start with "#"...


# create a tmp file with all lines in /etc/inittab
# that do not start with "#"
grep -v ^# /etc/inittab > /tmp/mytest.$$

#loop through each line in the tmp file
while read iline
# this is where you would process $iline
# using awk and/or sed is easiest IMHO
done < /tmp/mytest.$$

# clean up after yourself
rm -f /tmp/mytest.$$

exit 0

...what you do in the processing of each line
is dependent on what "and do various things"
entails. I'd also recommend a careful reading
of the grep man page. There's alot of good stuff
you can do with it. Also, the following URL
is a good online reference for AWK:
# 5  
Old 10-07-2001
I'll use sed and awk when I get more familiar with them, I think grep will work for what I need to do, here's my script so far, with some of the "various things" I want the loop to do included as comments. Your help has made a drastic improvement already, what will the next step be...


# Usage: chkinit (inittab file)

# This creates a temp file to work with,using all lines
# in the inittab that do not begin with # (assumes the argument is an
# inittab file) and all lines that are not blank

grep -v -e "^#" -e "^$" $1 > /tmp/mytest.$$

# this will loop through each line in the tmp file

while read iline
# case (can I use case here... if so how?)
# I would like to: * ensure that all lines contain 4 fields
# * make sure the id field has from 1 to 4 chars
# * make sure that the run levels are valid for
the process indicated
done < /tmp/mytest.$$

rm -f /tmp/mytest.$$
# 6  
Old 10-08-2001
Well... I don't believe grep by itself will
give you what you need. This is why I suggest
awk. I myself would in fact use awk for this
sort of thing. ksh itself does not provide
good string handling capabilities (at least not
without alot of excess work). For example,
the resulting lines from /etc/initab may be
somthing like...

1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty1
2:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty2
3:2345:respawn:/sbin/mingetty tty3
... here you can see you have 4 fields...
...separated by a ":" and you need to examine
these individually so you would need to
separate each field into distinct variables.
awk provides simple methods for doing this
very thing (and much much more). You could
perhaps use "case" against a single field
variable (once extracted from the line) to
apply rules that are defined as general for
a given value. Special rules however will
tend to create an overly complex script and
more prone to errors.

Again, my recommendation would be to learn
awk (at least the basics of it) and try some
things. After that if you have more questions,
I'm sure you can get answeres on this forum.Smilie
# 7  
Old 10-08-2001
I would just use ksh by itself. It can read each record, split the record into fields, count the characters in a field, etc. In short, it can do everything you need.

Also, remember that lines are not the same as records in inittab. You can end a line with a backslash to continue the record on the next line. Your grep method doesn't handle this.

Here is some sample code to show the concept...

#! /usr/bin/ksh

while read id rstate action process ; do

#  ignore comments
    [[ $id = \#* ]] && continue

#  count fields
    [[ ! -z $id      ]]  && ((nf=nf+1))
    [[ ! -z $rstate  ]]  && ((nf=nf+1))
    [[ ! -z $action  ]]  && ((nf=nf+1))
    [[ ! -z $process ]]  && ((nf=nf+1))

#  ignore all blanks
    (( ! nf )) && continue

    echo $id $idlength
exit 0

You should be able to code in any tests you want in place of that echo statement.
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