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# 1  
Old 10-01-2001
Question Please Help ( Calculate time taken in a script)

Hello,
I want to know how to calculate time difference in unix shell script. Time command in unix will not solve my problem because it calculates total time taken by a script.

See the examle below.

example :-
#!/bin/ksh
# This is just example
# Start the timer
Shell commands ..
Shell commands .

# End of timer

# I want to know how much time taken between start the timer and end of timer.

Is there unix built in commands to do it easily.

Unix Guru's please suggest.
Thanks
Sanjay
sanjay92
# 2  
Old 10-01-2001
Lightbulb

hi!
i think u can use the timex command. for more details just go thru the "man".Smilie
sskb
# 3  
Old 10-01-2001
Hello sskb,
Thanks for your response. I have to write the time or timex command for every shell command. What I want to do is take the difference of time between some line of commands in shell script.



See the example below.

example :-
#!/bin/ksh
# This is just example
# Start the timer
Shell commands ..
Shell commands .

# End of timer

Did you get what I am trying to say.

Sanjay
sanjay92
# 4  
Old 10-01-2001
Yes sanjay! i got ur point. but as far as i know there is no such built in command. but if you don't mind .. i would tell u what i would do in that case.

just get the date and time store it!
execute the stream of commands
then again get the date and time.

get the difference from that.

I hope u have better idea than this. if so, please let me know.

Smilie
sskb
# 5  
Old 10-01-2001
Hello sskb,

Is there any straight forward method in Unix to subtract two time/date values. I know I can store date/time and in some temp variables but I have to write a programme to subtract these two values. I was looking for some Unix build in method for this. I know in unix there is something called difftime but I do not know how to use it in shell scripts.

Sanjay
sanjay92
# 6  
Old 10-02-2001
Can you tell me where the timex command is located. It is not in my path list. I can see man timex. I can see time command but unable to find out timex command in my system.
One question about time command.
# This command does not work in ksh but works in sh or bash.

$time -p echo sanjay

Why -p option of time command does not work in ksh.

Thanks
Sanjay
sanjay92
# 7  
Old 10-02-2001
I have timex in /usr/bin. ksh has a built-in "time". Specify /usr/bin/time to get the version you see on the man page.

ksh has a variable called SECONDS that is the seconds since midnight. You can save the value, do some stuff, then save the value again. Then just subtract the two values. It's very easy if it doesn't need to work across midnight...and even that isn't a terribly hard problem.

You can also do stuff like:
time ksh -c "command1 ; command2"
although you will want to subtract the overhead for ksh itself which you can get with something like:
time ksh -c ":"

This last idea is not very far from simply putting the two commands into a separate script and then running time on that script.
 

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