Visit Our UNIX and Linux User Community


Windows user: New to unix


 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Top Forums UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers Windows user: New to unix
# 1  
Old 08-08-2009
Windows user: New to unix

Hi,

I have been using Windows until now and I would like to learn unix now. How do I start. I dont have UNIX account, can I still work on Windows and learn UNIX? Where do I start once I have access to UNIX shell?

Please help me.
riaz
# 2  
Old 08-08-2009
You can't "learn UNIX" because the competent handling of the operating system consists of several only loosely connected separate topics: shell and shell programming, understanding of how a kernel works, understanding of filesystems, networking basics, etc..

For most of these topics there are specialized books which will cover the subjects more deeply than you will need to know to get started. There are books which deal only with shell programming, books about (IP) networking, etc.. On the other hand there are "cross section"-books which will skin the cream of every topic. Have a look in the FAQ section, we have an extensive list of book recommendations here.

To minimize culture shock a few words about the differences between Windows and Unix. Be aware that i paint with a broad brush here to emphasize on the differences:

- separation of function and presentation
In Windows a function and its representation are oftenly inextricably interwoven. For instance: If you want to create a user you simply *have* to use the user manager program and outside of the program it is hard to find the place where these data are stored. The function (user management) and the presentation (presentation of the user data) are put into some program. In Unix there is a set of files doing the same thing and how you change them is completely up to you. You could use some graphical tool to create/handle the entries in these files but you could even do it with a simple text editor (this is where Unix got its reputation for being awkwardly text-oriented). As long as a program is able to manipulate the files in the correct way you can use it to administrate users.

- binary compatibility versus source compatibility
Windows runs on a single platform and on a single processor architecture: the Intel x86. This means that the software is *binary* compatible: you can copy a program from one machine to another and it will run (legal issues aside). Unix runs on a great variety of hardware platforms and there is a point in calling Unix not so much an OS than an philosophy in OS design. Many Unixes don't "look like" each other but on some level they still work the same way. (I know this is kind of vague, but its hard to describe in a paragraph - once you know Unix you will know what i mean.) Compatibility in Unix means: if you have written a software and it compiles and runs on one system you could copy the source code, compile it on another system and the compiler output should run there - well, to be honest, that is the theory, not the practice. It also means that Unixes from different vendors differ in the things which are related to the management of the hardware. For instance: All Unixes have the same files and commands when dealing with IP networking, like name resolution, routing, interface configuration, etc. But when it comes to manage a NIC and create an interface device from it every Unix will be different.

Anyways, you will find that learning Unix is a great way to understand how operating systems in general work. Enjoy.

I hope this helps.

bakunin
# 3  
Old 08-09-2009
Not sure whether I can say this but you can google free unix shell account to search for sites that offer free but limited non-root and restrictive unix account on public servers.
# 4  
Old 08-09-2009
try cygwin on your windows box to get a unix-like look and feel ... but sooner or later you will need a real linux - if you dont want to install it, try it at least in a virtual machine

Kind regards
zxmaus
 

Previous Thread | Next Thread
Test Your Knowledge in Computers #417
Difficulty: Medium
The terms Vanilla JavaScript and Vanilla JS refer to JavaScript which uses very small cookies during web sessions.
True or False?

9 More Discussions You Might Find Interesting

1. Shell Programming and Scripting

Needed SFTP script from windows to UNIX server and from UNIX to windows server(reverse SFTP)

hi guys, i need a script to sftp the file from windows to unix server ....(before that i have to check whether the file exists in the windows server or not and again i have to reverse sftp the files from unix to windows server..... regards, Vasa Saikumar. (13 Replies)
Discussion started by: hemanthsaikumar
13 Replies

2. Shell Programming and Scripting

Unix shell script to Copy files from one Windows server to another Windows server.

Can anybody please help me on how to code for the below requirement: I need to write a shell script (on different unix server) to copy files from multiple folders (ex. BRN-000001) from one windows server (\\boldls-mwe-dev4)to a different windows server(\\rrwin-ewhd04.ecomad.int). This shell... (4 Replies)
Discussion started by: SravsJaya
4 Replies

3. Shell Programming and Scripting

Batch job in unix server to move the pdf file from unix to windows.

Hi Experts, I have a requirement where i need to setup a batch job which runs everymonth and move the pdf files from unix server to windows servers. Could some body provide the inputs for this. and also please provide the inputs on how to map the network dirve in the unix like that... (1 Reply)
Discussion started by: ger199901
1 Replies

4. AIX

Do I need to configure my local windows to FTP files from local windows to a UNIX AIX server?

Hi Friends, I have this script for ftping files from AIX server to local windows xp. #!/bin/sh HOST='localsystem.net' USER='myid_onlocal' PASSWD='mypwd_onlocal' FILE='file.txt' ##This is a file on server(AIX) ftp -n $HOST <<END_SCRIPT quote USER $USER quote PASS $PASSWD put $FILE... (1 Reply)
Discussion started by: rajsharma
1 Replies

5. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

A comparison of the multi-user facilities in Unix and Microsoft Windows.

hi guys just give me some information about multi user facilities that unix offer in cmparison to windows. Thanx (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: nadman123
2 Replies

6. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

Changing windows server alias name on windows or unix?

My situation is that we have production unix scripts that ftp files over to a windows server. I'm not sure if its a 2000 or 2003 server as I dont work on server, more on the unix side. It turns out that they are changing servers on the network. So they are migrating our data over from say Server 1... (1 Reply)
Discussion started by: NycUnxer
1 Replies

7. UNIX for Advanced & Expert Users

missing Path(in UNIX) when i launch a job on to unix machine using windows SSh

hi i want run an unix application from a windows program/application.i am using SSH(command line version)to log on to a unix machine from windows. the application has to read a configuration file inorder to run. the configuration file .CFG is in bin in my home directory. but the application... (1 Reply)
Discussion started by: megastar
1 Replies

8. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

UNIX problem? Unix programm runs windows 2000 CPU over 100%

Okee problems...!! What is happening: Unix server with some programms, workstations are windows 2000, the workstations work good but when you start a programm on the Unix server the CPU of the workstations go to 100% usage resulting that the system gets very slow. The programm well its running so... (2 Replies)
Discussion started by: zerocool
2 Replies

9. UNIX for Dummies Questions & Answers

Windows user help......

Dearest experts, I am a Windows user and recently I wanted to try on Unix technology but I do not know anything about Unix and Linux. I have a PC running on p3 733, 384MB RAM and my current OS are Windows 2000 professional and Windows Me. I wanted to install Linux into this machine but I... (1 Reply)
Discussion started by: cia
1 Replies

Featured Tech Videos