What does ##* means

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# 1  
Old 02-12-2002
What does ##* means

In one of the thread I have found
echo ${SHELL##*/}

Can any of u pls let me know, what is the
interpretation for ##* over here?

# 2  
Old 02-12-2002
Hey, that's mine! Smilie

The Korn and Bourne Again shells (ksh and bash) have builtin mechanisms for filtering your data from a variable.

The following is taken directly from the book "Learning the Korn Shell" (ISBN 1-56592-054-6):
Assume that the variable path has the value /home/billr/mem/long.file.name, then:
Expression               Result
${path##/*/}                              long.file.name
${path#/*/}                     billr/mem/long.file.name
$path                     /home/billr/mem/long.file.name
${path%.*}                /home/billr/mem/long.file
${path%%.*}               /home/billr/mem/long

Keep in mind that this doesn't match regular expressions; the ".*" really matches a "." and then more, not just any character.

It's good for speed, instead of calling basename $path, or saying something like echo $path | sed 's/.*\///g'.
Try using time to figure out how much faster it is to do it that way...

Hope this helps.
# 3  
Old 02-14-2002

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