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How to correctly allocate size while creating FileSystem


 
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Operating Systems Solaris How to correctly allocate size while creating FileSystem
# 1  
Old 11-09-2007
How to correctly allocate size while creating FileSystem

Hello - I am finding difficulty in creating and allocating correct size to File Systems on solarix x86 box. Please see below contents I followed on screen and in the end It shows that /app file system is created of size 135GB , I wanted it to be 30gb as mentioned during 'format' command in 'Enter Partitiion size' :

root@unknown # df -k
Filesystem kbytes used avail capacity Mounted on
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0 15496821 7472292 7869561 49% /
/devices 0 0 0 0% /devices
ctfs 0 0 0 0% /system/contract
proc 0 0 0 0% /proc
mnttab 0 0 0 0% /etc/mnttab
swap 17574616 808 17573808 1% /etc/svc/volatile
objfs 0 0 0 0% /system/object
/usr/lib/libc/libc_hwcap2.so.1
15496821 7472292 7869561 49% /lib/libc.so.1
fd 0 0 0 0% /dev/fd
swap 17573844 36 17573808 1% /tmp
swap 17573840 32 17573808 1% /var/run
root@unknown # format
Searching for disks...done


AVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS:
0. c0t0d0 <DEFAULT cyl 17832 alt 2 hd 255 sec 63>
/pci@0,0/pci1022,7450@2/pci1000,3060@3/sd@0,0
1. c0t2d0 <DEFAULT cyl 17846 alt 2 hd 255 sec 63>
/pci@0,0/pci1022,7450@2/pci1000,3060@3/sd@2,0
2. c0t3d0 <DEFAULT cyl 17845 alt 2 hd 255 sec 63>
/pci@0,0/pci1022,7450@2/pci1000,3060@3/sd@3,0
Specify disk (enter its number): 0
selecting c0t0d0
[disk formatted]
Warning: Current Disk has mounted partitions.
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0 is currently mounted on /. Please see umount(1M).
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s1 is currently used by swap. Please see swap(1M).


FORMAT MENU:
disk - select a disk
type - select (define) a disk type
partition - select (define) a partition table
current - describe the current disk
format - format and analyze the disk
fdisk - run the fdisk program
repair - repair a defective sector
label - write label to the disk
analyze - surface analysis
defect - defect list management
backup - search for backup labels
verify - read and display labels
save - save new disk/partition definitions
inquiry - show vendor, product and revision
volname - set 8-character volume name
!<cmd> - execute <cmd>, then return
quit
format> p


PARTITION MENU:
0 - change `0' partition
1 - change `1' partition
2 - change `2' partition
3 - change `3' partition
4 - change `4' partition
5 - change `5' partition
6 - change `6' partition
7 - change `7' partition
select - select a predefined table
modify - modify a predefined partition table
name - name the current table
print - display the current table
label - write partition map and label to the disk
!<cmd> - execute <cmd>, then return
quit
partition> p
Current partition table (original):
Total disk cylinders available: 17832 + 2 (reserved cylinders)

Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
0 root wm 524 - 2482 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335
1 swap wu 1 - 523 4.01GB (523/0/0) 8401995
2 backup wm 0 - 17831 136.60GB (17832/0/0) 286471080
3 unassigned wm 2483 - 4441 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335
4 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
5 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
6 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
7 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
8 boot wu 0 - 0 7.84MB (1/0/0) 16065
9 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0

partition> 3
Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
3 unassigned wm 2483 - 4441 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335

Enter partition id tag[unassigned]: usr
Enter partition permission flags[wm]:
Enter new starting cyl[2483]: 2483
Enter partition size[31471335b, 1959c, 4441e, 15366.86mb, 15.01gb]: 30gb

partition> p
Current partition table (unnamed):
Total disk cylinders available: 17832 + 2 (reserved cylinders)

Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
0 root wm 524 - 2482 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335
1 swap wu 1 - 523 4.01GB (523/0/0) 8401995
2 backup wm 0 - 17831 136.60GB (17832/0/0) 286471080
3 usr wm 2483 - 6399 30.01GB (3917/0/0) 62926605
4 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
5 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
6 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
7 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
8 boot wu 0 - 0 7.84MB (1/0/0) 16065
9 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0

partition>q

root@unknown # newfs /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2
newfs: construct a new file system /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2: (y/n)? y
Warning: 5208 sector(s) in last cylinder unallocated
/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2: 286471080 sectors in 46627 cylinders of 48 tracks, 128 sectors
139878.5MB in 2915 cyl groups (16 c/g, 48.00MB/g, 5824 i/g)
super-block backups (for fsck -F ufs -o b=#) at:
32, 98464, 196896, 295328, 393760, 492192, 590624, 689056, 787488, 885920,
Initializing cylinder groups:
..........................................................
super-block backups for last 10 cylinder groups at:
285576352, 285674784, 285773216, 285871648, 285970080, 286068512, 286166944,
286265376, 286363808, 286462240
root@unknown # mount /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2 /app
root@unknown # df -k /app
Filesystem kbytes used avail capacity Mounted on
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2 141066718 65553 139590498 1% /app
root@unknown #

Please advice, what is wrong I am doing above?
# 2  
Old 11-09-2007
I'm not 100% sure but I think you havn't saved your changes to the partiiton table there, so it's reverting back to the previous size.
Try saving the changes (I think it's using 'label' before you quit)

[edit] Also, leave slice 2 alone, don't newfs it or your could clobber the entire disk. You want to newfs slice _3_[/edit]
# 3  
Old 11-09-2007
Still the same problem - Please see IF its correct?

partition> p
Current partition table (original):
Total disk cylinders available: 17832 + 2 (reserved cylinders)

Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
0 root wm 524 - 2482 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335
1 swap wu 1 - 523 4.01GB (523/0/0) 8401995
2 backup wm 0 - 17831 136.60GB (17832/0/0) 286471080
3 unassigned wm 2483 - 4441 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335
4 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
5 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
6 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
7 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
8 boot wu 0 - 0 7.84MB (1/0/0) 16065
9 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0

partition> 3
Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
3 unassigned wm 2483 - 4441 15.01GB (1959/0/0) 31471335

Enter partition id tag[unassigned]: usr
Enter partition permission flags[wm]:
Enter new starting cyl[2483]: 2483
Enter partition size[31471335b, 1959c, 4441e, 15366.86mb, 15.01gb]: 30gb
partition> label
Ready to label disk, continue? y

partition> q
root@unknown # newfs /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2
newfs: /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2 last mounted as /app
newfs: construct a new file system /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2: (y/n)? y
Warning: 5208 sector(s) in last cylinder unallocated
/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2: 286471080 sectors in 46627 cylinders of 48 tracks, 128 sectors
139878.5MB in 2915 cyl groups (16 c/g, 48.00MB/g, 5824 i/g)
super-block backups (for fsck -F ufs -o b=#) at:
32, 98464, 196896, 295328, 393760, 492192, 590624, 689056, 787488, 885920,
Initializing cylinder groups:
..........................................................
super-block backups for last 10 cylinder groups at:
285576352, 285674784, 285773216, 285871648, 285970080, 286068512, 286166944,
286265376, 286363808, 286462240
root@unknown # mount /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2 /app
root@unknown # df -k
Filesystem kbytes used avail capacity Mounted on
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0 15496821 7472293 7869560 49% /
/devices 0 0 0 0% /devices
ctfs 0 0 0 0% /system/contract
proc 0 0 0 0% /proc
mnttab 0 0 0 0% /etc/mnttab
swap 17573728 808 17572920 1% /etc/svc/volatile
objfs 0 0 0 0% /system/object
/usr/lib/libc/libc_hwcap2.so.1
15496821 7472293 7869560 49% /lib/libc.so.1
fd 0 0 0 0% /dev/fd
swap 17572956 36 17572920 1% /tmp
swap 17572952 32 17572920 1% /var/run
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s2 141066718 65553 139590498 1% /app
root@unknown #
# 4  
Old 11-11-2007
You're still doing the newfs on slice 2 (/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s2) - that's the entire disk Smilie You want to newfs slice 3 (/dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s3)
# 5  
Old 12-03-2007
I have two solaris boxes, and both of them having some problem while rebooting. Only changes were done before rebooting was creation of four new filesystem's u01 - u04.
Problem on 1) - I noticed that when the box was rebooting, it was complaining about the U01->U04 mounts (i.e. fsck probs) - so I disabled these via vsftab and rebooted...When the problems were occurring, the server was not rebooting properly and starting up in maintenance mode. How do I fix it?

Problem on 2) - is reporting a Bad PBR Sig at the GRUB bootloader process... this is a pretty basic stage to die at.

Any ideas?

Thank you!
# 6  
Old 12-03-2007
Did you create any of those volumes on slice 2? If so, you've probably overwritten the boot section of the disk.

What I was trying to get at in the earlier posts was that slice 2 is the entire disk, if you run newfs over this, you will slightly break all the slices (aka partitions) on the entire disk. If you then mount that volume and start putting data on it etc, you will do more and more damage until it is no longer bootable.
# 7  
Old 12-04-2007
What do you suggest must I do now :-( ?

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