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Check if argument passed is an integers


 
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# 1  
Old 11-01-2002
Check if argument passed is an integers

How do I check if the argument passed to a script is an integer?

I am writting a script that will take to integers and want to be able to check before I go on.


I am using bourne shell.

Thanks in advance
# 2  
Old 11-01-2002
Code:
echo $string | grep "^[0-9]+$"
echo $?

$? will be 0 only if $string is a sequence of digits and nothing else...
# 3  
Old 11-04-2002
Sorry but that does not work.

I have this script that is working except for negative integers or when someone enters a + infront of the integer.

Why isn't this accepting negative integers or integer with a + sign?


#!/bin/sh
checkinput()
{
case $1 in [0-9]|[0-9]*[0-9][\.]) return 0 ;; esac
return 1
}

exitusage()
{
echo "Usage: Proj2 Integer1 Integer2"
exit
}

[ $# -ne 2 ] && exitusage
checkinput $1 || exitusage && A=$1
checkinput $2 || exitusage && B=$2

Thanks in advance
# 4  
Old 11-04-2002
replace your checkinput() func with this...

Code:
checkinput() 
{ 

echo $1 | grep '^(\+|-)?[0-9]+$'

return $?

}

you may find this helpful...

[\?&]value= A URL parameter value in a URL.

[A-Z]Smilie\\[A-Z0-9_]+)+ An uppercase DOS/Windows full path that (a) is not the root of a drive, and (b) has only letters, numbers, and underscores in its text.

[A-Za-z][A-Za-z0-9_]* A ColdFusion variable with no qualifier.

([A-Za-z][A-Za-z0-9_]*)(\.[A-Za-z][A-Za-z0-9_]*)? A ColdFusion variable with no more than one qualifier; for example, Form.VarName, but not Form.Image.VarName.

(\+|-)?[1-9][0-9]* An integer that does not begin with a zero and has an optional sign.

(\+|-)?[1-9][0-9]*(\.[0-9]*)? A real number.

(\+|-)?[1-9]\.[0-9]*E(\+|-)?[0-9]+ A real number in engineering notation.

a{2,4} Two to four occurrences of "a": aa, aaa, aaaa.

(ba){3,} At least three "ba" pairs: bababa, babababa, and so on..


Cheers!
Vishnu.

Last edited by Vishnu; 11-04-2002 at 04:32 PM..
# 5  
Old 11-04-2002
I certanly apreciate all your help. but this:
checkinput()
{

echo $1 | grep '^(\+|-)?[0-9]+$'

return $?

}

doesn't work either. I'll keep tryng.

Thanks a million.
# 6  
Old 11-04-2002
it is always a good idea to test things on command line before putting in a script.. which I hope you are already doing..

you can do few tests echoing the return code...

echo -3243 | grep '^(\+|-)?[0-9]+$'
echo $?

echo -abc | grep '^(\+|-)?[0-9]+$'
echo $?

let me know if these tests work on your unix system...

Cheers!
Vishnu.
# 7  
Old 11-04-2002
Quote:
Originally posted by Vishnu
checkinput()
{

echo $1 | grep '^(\+|-)?[0-9]+$'

return $?

}
I think you need to use -E with grep to invoke extended regular expressions. But also, if the argument passes the test, it will go to stdout. The -q option will fix that. So try this:
Code:
checkinput() 
{ 

echo $1 | grep -Eq '^(\+|-)?[0-9]+$'

return $?

}

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