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awk - treat multiple delimiters as one


 
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# 1  
Old 08-28-2002
awk - treat multiple delimiters as one

Is there anyway to get awk to treat multiple delimiters as one? Particularly spaces...
# 2  
Old 08-28-2002
okay.... figured this out....Smilie

awk -F" +"

trailing + will mean one or more - if you're interested!
# 3  
Old 08-29-2002
not sure why you would have to specify multiple spaces as a delimiter. awk's default delimiter is a space.

Code:
[hostname]/export/home/optimus$echo 'this   is a test'|awk '{ print $1 $2 $3 }'
thisisa
[hostname]/export/home/optimus$

# 4  
Old 08-29-2002
I see..... yes that's quite good.... but I'm a little confused now. I see that the default is to use either tab or space....and that it by default treats these consecutively as one. But with other delimiters that I specify it didn't seem to work....

i..e

1|2|3|4
1||2||3
1|||||2|||||3

###FIRST
$ awk -F"|+" ' { print $1,$2,$3} ' my_file
1 2 3
1 2
1
##SECOND
$ awk -F"|" ' { print $1,$2,$3} ' my_file
1 2 3
1 2
1
# 5  
Old 08-30-2002
It should work if you add brackets around the delimiter:

In a script:
awk -F"[|]+" ' { print $1,$2,$3} ' my_file

From the command line:
echo '1||2|3|4'|awk -F"[|]+" '{print $1,$2,$3}'
# 6  
Old 08-30-2002
great tip!

Cool! And it even works with different multiples of a delimiter.

# cat myfile
1|||2||||3|||||4

# awk -F"[|]+" ' { print $1,$2,$3,$4} ' myfile
1 2 3 4


Awesome!!
Smilie Smilie
# 7  
Old 08-30-2002
*beaming at the praise* Smilie Smilie

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