Compare - 1st col of file

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# 22  
Old 09-15-2009
$ wc -l file1 file2
  13872 file1
 171942 file2
 185814 total

As for the threshold, I really have no idea but as the Unix saying goes: "do one thing and do it well". And, again, awk is the right tool for the job. It is unbeatable when it get to processing data files. Don't be afraid by its syntax and paradigm and have a look here:
# 23  
Old 09-15-2009
Your script gives syntax error on Solaris 10.
I don't have time to look into it right now.
# 24  
Old 09-15-2009
Use nawk or /usr/xpg4/bin/awk on Solaris.
# 25  
Old 09-15-2009
Thanks. nawk does it.
I looked at timex on nawk and command line. It is not really conclusive. Time varies wildly:
first time

real 0.58
user 0.19
sys 0.06

second time

real 0.35
user 0.18
sys 0.05

modified script (second version, for loop and grep, writing to 2 files)
for i in `cat file11 file22 | cut -f1 -d \| | sort | uniq -u`
echo $i
grep -h $i file1  >>  fil1
grep -h $i file2 >> fil2

first time

real 0.63
user 0.01
sys 0.00

second time

real 0.57
user 0.42
sys 0.09

Two files were as follows:
# wc -c file11 file22
 1574508 file1
 1148400 file2
 2722908 total

My conclusion:
These tests are not really rigorous and depend on other activities on the system.
The gain in performance is really negligible. Both approaches are fine from performance point of view. Using unix separate commands is much easier to learn and scripts are much easier to maintain. If not fluent in awk and needing more powerful language learning perl is probably a better idea. Awk syntax is not very friendly and I think it is a legacy program.
# 26  
Old 09-16-2009
Thanks Franklin52 for taking your time to explain this newbie. I'm still learning the code you have shared. Can I have some more questions on this please.


Define an array a with the first field as index if we read the first file.
I'm able to understand that only while reading the first file NR and FNR will be equal. Is this some kind of "if condition". I could not see any "if" there.SmilieSmilie
Kindly bear my ignorance.

About the solution by gcp, it is self explanatory and I have no questions on it.
# 27  
Old 09-16-2009
It just defines an array variable and the command:

$1 in a

checks if the variable has been defined.

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