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Automating ftp without .netrc


 
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Top Forums Shell Programming and Scripting Automating ftp without .netrc
# 1  
Old 08-16-2009
Automating ftp without .netrc

I'm writing a script which needs to run under an 'automation' account and there is already a .netrc machine definition for the server I need to connect to.

If I create a new machine entry in the .netrc with a different account this will, of course, be ignored and the ftp session will connect to the incorrect account. Also, I don't have access to perl's Net::Ftp.

Any tips on how I should proceed?
# 2  
Old 08-16-2009
Knowing the source O/S would help. Anyway, Perl excluded, SFTP exclude, and talking in general about most unixes

FTP client looks for ${HOME}/.netrc

After login has completed the environment variable $HOME does not have to refer to a real home directory. In your script, you can change and export $HOME prior to starting ftp. Thus you can have as many .netrc files as you so desire in directories of your choice. Each file should still have permissions 600 and be owned by root or the specific ftp user.

Another approach is to have multiple names for the same FTP server IP address in /etc/hosts , and then to refer to each name in the common .netrc file .
# 3  
Old 08-16-2009
Use an expect(1) script, an example is at:
Using ActiveState Expect For Windows
admittedly this is for expect for Windows but it won't be very different for Unix.
# 4  
Old 08-16-2009
Modifying the $HOME variable worked out.

Thanks!

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