Bit-fields and Bitwise operators

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# 1  
Old 04-23-2002
Bit-fields and Bitwise operators

Is it possible to use bitwise operators in bit fields?
For example:

typedef struct Mystruct {
unsigned char A :1 ;
unsigned char B :1 ;
} Mystruct;

and assume

struct Mystruct STR_1S, STR_2S, tempSTRS = {0};

then the following line:

tempSTRS = STR_1S & STR_2S;
gives the error:

operants must have integral type: op "&"

One way to overcome the problem is to perform the bitwise operations in each member separelty i.e.
tempSTRS.A = STR_1S.A & STR_2S.A;
tempSTRS.B = STR_1S.B & STR_2S.B;

Is there any other more eficient way?
# 2  
Old 04-23-2002
Looks more like homework.. ?
If it is hope you did check the Forum rules. No Homework/Assignments allowed.
# 3  
Old 04-23-2002
No it's not a homework.

I am a software engineer for the last for years
# 4  
Old 04-23-2002
Bit fields are like small integers. You can do everything to them that you can do to an integer including the bit-wise operators. The only exception that I can think of is that you cannot take their address.

Putting a bunch of integers into a struct would never turn that struct into an integer. The same is true for bit fields.

If you want efficient, stay away from bit fields, They are a hack to save space at the expense of execution speed. They made sense when you had small ints and limited memory.

But from your code, you don't have small ints, you have bits. If you just want to turn bits on and off and test them for being on and off, well, just do that. It's easy with the bit-wise ops. And if you turn bits on and off in an int, then you do want you wanted to do.
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