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Why memory allocated through malloc should be freed ?


 
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# 15  
Old 08-31-2009
Quote:
Originally Posted by karthiktceit
No the output does not change at all.
Hopefully.
Quote:
But many senior professionals in my office say that memleak is a serious issue.
Sure, it can be. Is this statement general or based to issues you have with your application ?
Quote:
If you dont free it, it will cause fatal problems during execution.
It will eventually.
Quote:
Can anyone tell me what memory leak would do to the process that caused it and other process running parallely?
A memory leak will first slow down the system when no more RAM is available and the OS start paginating (swapping pages) intensively. After some time, the system might starve virtual memory too. What will happen will depend on what OS and kernel you use. Linux is known for its controversial OOM killer, a kernel task that blindly kill processes in order to free some memory.

Last edited by jlliagre; 08-31-2009 at 02:30 PM..
# 16  
Old 08-31-2009
memory leak problem should not be handled carelessly and should not be left to OS to handle that. It should be handled with care.

On your desktop or test host only ( not in prod ), write a program that only does malloc() without free() for every 30 seconds and see the system performance over period of time. Difference will be quite obvious.

Also, think of a ever running program like daemons and a memory leak problem in it, over a period of time, this memory leak problem will manifest itself and disturb the system.
# 17  
Old 08-31-2009
Quote:
I understand that, But any part of the process's address space being leaked leads to a memory leak. But stack, data and text segments' memory is not at all leaked. Beacuse they are freed by the OS itself when a process terminates. But Heap alone needs to be freed explicitly. why is that so?
No. Completely no. Heap memory is released when the process ends, whether or not the program called free(). The memory is released. After a process ends, the old process heap memory is no longer allocated to any process. Read man page for brk().

For long running programs and BEST PRACTICE in C coding, always call free().

I put this here as a correction. Not a comment.
# 18  
Old 09-01-2009
Then I undertand that memory leak is meaningful as long as the process that caused it is alive. Once the process that caused it dies then all the leaked memory will made available to the OS memory manager. Am I right?
# 19  
Old 09-01-2009
Correct. All memory - even leaked memory - that belongs to a process is reclaimed on process termination.
# 20  
Old 09-04-2009
Considering the lifetime of a process, assuming that its short lived and its not ok to accept memory leaks in the code.

1. Same thing might happen to a daemon - which will bring down system
2. Trigger OOM errror
3. A bug in short lived process (assuming its short lived) which eventually might be using up all the resources.
4. Even for a short lived process, if the memory consumption is exponential, then we are done in much lesser time

So, the rule is - no memory leaks in the code and no memory leaks whatever be the life span of the process memory image Smilie
# 21  
Old 09-08-2009
Quote:
Originally Posted by karthiktceit
You mean to say that there wont be any problem at any point of time if there is memory leak in my code. right?
Except at runtime because the process can consume all 4Gb (32-bit process) such that it ultimately freezes and cannot continue. On machines with little RAM this is a serious problem as it can prevent other processes from starting or allocating memory. When the leaking process terminates all memory allocated from text data and stack segments is released.

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