signal - catch or ignore signals
A signal is generated by some abnormal event, initiated either by user at a typewriter
(quit, interrupt), by a program error (bus error, etc.), or by request of another program
(kill). Normally all signals cause termination of the receiving process, but a signal
call allows them either to be ignored or to cause an interrupt to a specified location.
Here is the list of signals with names as in the include file.
SIGHUP 1 hangup
SIGINT 2 interrupt
SIGQUIT 3* quit
SIGILL 4* illegal instruction (not reset when caught)
SIGTRAP 5* trace trap (not reset when caught)
SIGIOT 6* IOT instruction
SIGEMT 7* EMT instruction
SIGFPE 8* floating point exception
SIGKILL 9 kill (cannot be caught or ignored)
SIGBUS 10* bus error
SIGSEGV 11* segmentation violation
SIGSYS 12* bad argument to system call
SIGPIPE 13 write on a pipe or link with no one to read it
SIGALRM 14 alarm clock
SIGTERM 15 software termination signal
The starred signals in the list above cause a core image if not caught or ignored.
If func is SIG_DFL, the default action for signal sig is reinstated; this default is ter-
mination, sometimes with a core image. If func is SIG_IGN the signal is ignored. Other-
wise when the signal occurs func will be called with the signal number as argument. A
return from the function will continue the process at the point it was interrupted.
Except as indicated, a signal is reset to SIG_DFL after being caught. Thus if it is
desired to catch every such signal, the catching routine must issue another signal call.
When a caught signal occurs during certain system calls, the call terminates prematurely.
In particular this can occur during a read or write(2) on a slow device (like a type-
writer; but not a file); and during pause or wait(2). When such a signal occurs, the
saved user status is arranged in such a way that when return from the signal-catching
takes place, it will appear that the system call returned an error status. The user's
program may then, if it wishes, re-execute the call.
The value of signal is the previous (or initial) value of func for the particular signal.
After a fork(2) the child inherits all signals. Exec(2) resets all caught signals to
kill(1), kill(2), ptrace(2), setjmp(3)
The value (int)-1 is returned if the given signal is out of range.
If a repeated signal arrives before the last one can be reset, there is no chance to catch
The type specification of the routine and its func argument are problematical.
(signal = 48.)
sys signal; sig; label
(old label in r0)
If label is 0, default action is reinstated. If label is odd, the signal is ignored. Any
other even label specifies an address in the process where an interrupt is simulated. An
RTI or RTT instruction will return from the interrupt.