ar - archive and library maintainer
ar key [ posname ] afile name ...
Ar maintains groups of files combined into a single archive file. Its main use is to cre-
ate and update library files as used by the loader. It can be used, though, for any simi-
Key is one character from the set drqtpmx, optionally concatenated with one or more of
vuaibcl. Afile is the archive file. The names are constituent files in the archive file.
The meanings of the key characters are:
d Delete the named files from the archive file.
r Replace the named files in the archive file. If the optional character u is used
with r, then only those files with modified dates later than the archive files are
replaced. If an optional positioning character from the set abi is used, then the
posname argument must be present and specifies that new files are to be placed
after (a) or before (b or i) posname. Otherwise new files are placed at the end.
q Quickly append the named files to the end of the archive file. Optional position-
ing characters are invalid. The command does not check whether the added members
are already in the archive. Useful only to avoid quadratic behavior when creating
a large archive piece-by-piece.
t Print a table of contents of the archive file. If no names are given, all files in
the archive are tabled. If names are given, only those files are tabled.
p Print the named files in the archive.
m Move the named files to the end of the archive. If a positioning character is
present, then the posname argument must be present and, as in r, specifies where
the files are to be moved.
x Extract the named files. If no names are given, all files in the archive are
extracted. In neither case does x alter the archive file.
v Verbose. Under the verbose option, ar gives a file-by-file description of the mak-
ing of a new archive file from the old archive and the constituent files. When
used with t, it gives a long listing of all information about the files. When used
with p, it precedes each file with a name.
c Create. Normally ar will create afile when it needs to. The create option sup-
presses the normal message that is produced when afile is created.
l Local. Normally ar places its temporary files in the directory /tmp. This option
causes them to be placed in the local directory.
ld(1), ar(5), lorder(1)
If the same file is mentioned twice in an argument list, it may be put in the archive