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man(00000001) [v7 man page]

MAN(1)							      General Commands Manual							    MAN(1)

NAME
man - print sections of this manual SYNOPSIS
man [ option ... ] [ chapter ] title ... DESCRIPTION
Man locates and prints the section of this manual named title in the specified chapter. (In this context, the word `page' is often used as a synonym for `section'.) The title is entered in lower case. The chapter number does not need a letter suffix. If no chapter is speci- fied, the whole manual is searched for title and all occurrences of it are printed. Options and their meanings are: -t Phototypeset the section using troff(1). -n Print the section on the standard output using nroff(1). -k Display the output on a Tektronix 4014 terminal using troff(1) and tc(1). -e Appended or prefixed to any of the above causes the manual section to be preprocessed by neqn or eqn(1); -e alone means -te. -w Print the path names of the manual sections, but do not print the sections themselves. (default) Copy an already formatted manual section to the terminal, or, if none is available, act as -n. It may be necessary to use a filter to adapt the output to the particular terminal's characteristics. Further options, e.g. to specify the kind of terminal you have, are passed on to troff(1) or nroff. Options and chapter may be changed before each title. For example: man man would reproduce this section, as well as any other sections named man that may exist in other chapters of the manual, e.g. man(7). FILES
/usr/man/man?/* /usr/man/cat?/* SEE ALSO
nroff(1), eqn(1), tc(1), man(7) BUGS
The manual is supposed to be reproducible either on a phototypesetter or on a terminal. However, on a terminal some information is neces- sarily lost. MAN(1)

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CATMAN(8)						      System Manager's Manual							 CATMAN(8)

NAME
catman - create the cat files for the manual SYNOPSIS
/usr/sbin/catman [ -p ] [ -n ] [ -w ] [ -M path ] [ sections ] DESCRIPTION
Catman creates the preformatted versions of the on-line manual from the nroff input files. Each manual page is examined and those whose preformatted versions are missing or out of date are recreated. If any changes are made, catman will recreate the whatis database. If there is one parameter not starting with a `-', it is taken to be a list of manual sections to look in. For example catman 123 will cause the updating to only happen to manual sections 1, 2, and 3. Options: -n prevents creations of the whatis database. -p prints what would be done instead of doing it. -w causes only the whatis database to be created. No manual reformatting is done. -M updates manual pages located in the set of directories specified by path (/usr/man by default). Path has the form of a colon (`:') separated list of directory names, for example `/usr/local/man:/usr/man'. If the environment variable `MANPATH' is set, its value is used for the default path. If the nroff source file contains only a line of the form `.so manx/yyy.x', a symbolic link is made in the catx directory to the appropri- ate preformatted manual page. This feature allows easy distribution of the preformatted manual pages among a group of associated machines with rdist(1). The nroff sources need not be distributed to all machines, thus saving the associated disk space. As an example, consider a local network with 5 machines, called mach1 through mach5. Suppose mach3 has the manual page nroff sources. Every night, mach3 runs catman via cron(8) and later runs rdist with a distfile that looks like: MANSLAVES = ( mach1 mach2 mach4 mach5 ) MANUALS = (/usr/man/cat[1-8no] /usr/man/whatis) ${MANUALS} -> ${MANSLAVES} install -R; notify root; FILES
/usr/man default manual directory location /usr/man/man?/*.* raw (nroff input) manual sections /usr/man/cat?/*.* preformatted manual pages /usr/man/whatis whatis database /usr/sbin/makewhatis command script to make whatis database SEE ALSO
man(1), cron(8), rdist(1) BUGS
Acts oddly on nights with full moons. The need for catman(8) is almost but not quite gone. Most of the manpages have been moved out of /usr/src/man into the sourcecode hierar- chy. The recreation of the whatis database is the main use of catman now. 4th Berkeley Distribution October 23, 1996 CATMAN(8)
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